A learning stratefy that young children frequently use to replicate someone's behaviors, actions, phrases, ect.
Letters that represent phonemes. ex. Through (7 letters that make up only 3 sounds /th,r,u/)
The smallest representation of meaning. Ex. CARS (2 morphemes basic word, CAR and plural morpheme S)
Designating a verb or verb construction that does not require or cannot take a direct object, as snow or sleep.
A noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and refers to the same person or thing as the subject of the verb.
regers to the way that meaning is conveyed in a language through the use of its vocabulary.
The specific grammatical, syntactic, and structural character of a given language and culture.
Teachers must also provide a description of the ___, especially in regards to their intended meaning to allow students to fully understand their use. This should be taught especially to ELLs.
Holophrastic One Word Stage
(11-19 months) Children at this stage begin imitating inflections and facial expressions of adults.
(18-27 months) Represents a higher degree of linguistic development in which the child goes beyond the 2 word stage.
Such as prepositions and articles are very limited at the telegraphic stage because they do not convey as much information as content words.
First a teacher needs to determine if the speech of the child is ___ and can be understood by native speakers with minimum effort.
sticks to the topic, builds support for the subject, speaks clearly, takes turns and waits to talk.
first 4 in the speaking checklist.
Talks so others in the group can hear, speaks smoothly, uses courteous langauge, presents in an organized and interesting way.
5-8 in the speaking checklist.
Supports the topical thesis, answers questions effectively, is comfortable speaking publicly.
9-11 in the speaking checklist.
occurs when a person's speech interferes with his of her abilitiy to convey messages during interactions with community members.
is characterized by mulitple false starts of the inability to produce the intended sounds.
occurs when children try to communicate in an excessively fast mode that makes comprehension difficult.
A term used when chilren produce the sound /s/,/sh/z and ch/ with thei tongue between the upper and lower teeth.
involves the use of langauge in rhyme, alliteration, songs and repeating patterns to amuse children.
Show and Tell
Children bring artifacts and personal items to class and describe its features to the class.
children learn information from each other and then report their findings to the larger group.
The basic linguistic principle required to develop an understanding of oral and written communication.
refers to the ability to concepptualize and separate words into their basic pronunciation components, which are syllables.
a technique used to emphasize phnemes by using successive words that begin with the same sound of letter.
describes the pitch contour of a phrase or a sentence that is used to change the meaning of the sentence.
Described as the ability to connect letters with sounds, and to create words based on these associations.
Full Alphabetic Stage
Child is making connections between the letters, the sounds that they represent and actual meaning of the word.