How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

67 terms

EC-6 English Langauge Arts and Reading

EC- 6 English Langauge Arts and Reading vocabulary and information.
STUDY
PLAY
Imitation
A learning stratefy that young children frequently use to replicate someone's behaviors, actions, phrases, ect.
Phonology
The study of the sound system of a langauge.
Phonemes
Basic units of sound.
Graphemes
Letters that represent phonemes. ex. Through (7 letters that make up only 3 sounds /th,r,u/)
Morphology
The study of the structure of words and word formations.
Morphemes
The smallest representation of meaning. Ex. CARS (2 morphemes basic word, CAR and plural morpheme S)
Syntax
Entails the ways in which words are organized and arranged in a language.
Kernel Sentences
Basic sentence structures are referred to as?
Intransitive Verb
Designating a verb or verb construction that does not require or cannot take a direct object, as snow or sleep.
Predicate Nominative
A noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and refers to the same person or thing as the subject of the verb.
Lexicon
Refers to the vocabulary of a language.
Semantics
regers to the way that meaning is conveyed in a language through the use of its vocabulary.
Connotation and denotation
used in a langauge to convey meaning.
Connotation
Refers to the implies meaning of words and ideas.
Idiomatic expressions
are one example of how its use implies meaning as a communication tool.
English Langauge Learners
ELLs
Idioms
The specific grammatical, syntactic, and structural character of a given language and culture.
Idioms
Teachers must also provide a description of the ___, especially in regards to their intended meaning to allow students to fully understand their use. This should be taught especially to ELLs.
Denotation
Refers to the literal meaning of words and ideas.
Pragmatics
Describes how context can affect the interpretation of communication.
Babbling or Pre Langauge Stage
(0-6 months) use reflexive crying to communicate with caregivers.
Holophrastic One Word Stage
(11-19 months) Children at this stage begin imitating inflections and facial expressions of adults.
Two Word Stage
(13-24 months) Children begin producing redumentary types of phrases.
Pivot
Refers to words that can be used to accomplsh multiple functions, ie no, up, all, see.
Open
Contains words that are generally used to refer to one concept.
Telegraphic Stage
(18-27 months) Represents a higher degree of linguistic development in which the child goes beyond the 2 word stage.
Content Words
High Semantic value that can be used in multiple situations.
Function Words
Such as prepositions and articles are very limited at the telegraphic stage because they do not convey as much information as content words.
200- 300 words
Ages 2 to 3 have how many words in their linguistic repertoire.
900-1000
Vocabulary grows to ____ by age 3.
1500
Vocabulary at age 4.
2100
Age 5 vocabulary
Intelligible
First a teacher needs to determine if the speech of the child is ___ and can be understood by native speakers with minimum effort.
Word Stress
A type of interference can be caused by the application of incorrect ____ in English.
Culture
plays an important role in the way people communicate orally and written form.
Curvilinear
Allows speakers the option of deviating from the main topic without being penalized.
First Language
L1
Second Langauge
L2
sticks to the topic, builds support for the subject, speaks clearly, takes turns and waits to talk.
first 4 in the speaking checklist.
Talks so others in the group can hear, speaks smoothly, uses courteous langauge, presents in an organized and interesting way.
5-8 in the speaking checklist.
Supports the topical thesis, answers questions effectively, is comfortable speaking publicly.
9-11 in the speaking checklist.
Maintains listeners' interest, volunteers to answer in class.
12 and 13 on the speaking checklist.
Texas Education Agency
TEA stands for what?
No Child Left Behind
NCLB stands for what?
Texas Observation Protocal
TOP stands for what?
Communication Disorder
occurs when a person's speech interferes with his of her abilitiy to convey messages during interactions with community members.
Voice, flency, articulation, and langauge processing.
four classifications of langauge disorders.
Phonation
Disorder describes any kind of abnormality in the vibration of the vocal fold.
Resonance
disorder describes abnormalities created when sound passes through the vocal tract.
Stuttering
is characterized by mulitple false starts of the inability to produce the intended sounds.
Cluttering
occurs when children try to communicate in an excessively fast mode that makes comprehension difficult.
Lisping
A term used when chilren produce the sound /s/,/sh/z and ch/ with thei tongue between the upper and lower teeth.
Language Processing Disorders
generally caused by a brain- based disturbance called aphasia.
Dramatic Play
students are given opportunites to role-play by resembling real life situations.
Langauge Play
involves the use of langauge in rhyme, alliteration, songs and repeating patterns to amuse children.
Show and Tell
Children bring artifacts and personal items to class and describe its features to the class.
Pair Interview
children learn information from each other and then report their findings to the larger group.
Phonemic Awareness
The basic linguistic principle required to develop an understanding of oral and written communication.
Syllabication
refers to the ability to concepptualize and separate words into their basic pronunciation components, which are syllables.
Syllables
simplifying a word into the pronunciation breakdown.
Alliteration
a technique used to emphasize phnemes by using successive words that begin with the same sound of letter.
Intonation Patterns
describes the pitch contour of a phrase or a sentence that is used to change the meaning of the sentence.
Alphabetic Principle
Described as the ability to connect letters with sounds, and to create words based on these associations.
Pre Alphabetic Phase
Not connecting the letters and sounds of the logo.
Partial Alphabetic Phase
Child is exposed to the alphabetic song and ABC blocks.
Full Alphabetic Stage
Child is making connections between the letters, the sounds that they represent and actual meaning of the word.
Consolidated Alphabetic Stage
Child begins to conceptualize that they can use components of words that they know to decode new words.