116 terms

Systems Theory and Communication

STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

Digital
the report aspect of a message the content defining mode of communiction
Analogic
the report aspect of a relationship the defining mode of communication
Detouring
two family memebers attempt to preserve their relationshiops by saying their conflict is a disagreemt about the 3rd person child.
Alliance
2 or more people who share the same beliefs/ interest without the intent of excluding others
Coalition
2 family members form a covert alliance either temporary or durable against a third
Enmeshmet
Family members become overly involved in one anothers lives.
Disengagement
Family members isolated and disconnected from other family members
Cutoff
an attempt to avoid the pain of unresolved emotional conflicts
Scape Goating
a systemic dynamic describing the process of 1 family member is left to carry out the stress and dysfuncation
Colluding
a family dynamic members share thoughts and feeling that support their beliefs
Parentified
a the shild (the eldest) is assgned a caretaking tole for an imparied(absent) parent and often for siblings
Quid Pro Quo
2 people agree to do each other favors in return for equal value
Rigid
boundaires that are inflexible, isolated, disconnected
Fusion
a blurring of intellectual/emotional boundaries
Rubber fence
boundaries that are yielding, impenetrable to outside info put if penetrable the rule is in constant flux
Homoestasis
system that strives for balance and stability
feedback loop
react or adapt
Negetive
restores homoestasis
Positive
responsible for the problem in families
communication
congruent communication relational"fit" between digital/analogic
Enacting
family demonstrates in a typical model, i will then assess, encourage and demonstrate a different way.
Boundary Marking
Intervening to modify dysfunctional structures etween repetitive patterns of subsystems
Genogram
reveals the family member basic structure and demographics
eco-map
a map of connections between family memebrd and their ecological environement
Joining
a way to connect and establish rapport with the client
Accomodation
adjustment and accomodation(language style so I could join.
Mimesis
form of joining-accomodation mirroring
Mapping
creating a diagramatic picture of relationships between subsystems which illustrate structur and the nature of the relationships in a family system
Relabeling
redefine- changing perceptions of a problem
Third order
a paradign shift, dramatic transformation
continuious
change occurs in a gradual evolutionary learning process
Structural determnism
a system does what a system does
Structural Coupling
a systemic coexistence with other systems they survice by fitting together also with other contextual elements
Consensual Domain
the medium environment in which we operate that is generated thry structural coupling in the context of a common language system
Non-purposeful Drift
No deterministic(not linear cause and effect)
Reality of multiverse
reality is created by assimilation and accomofation to input and environment
Change
change in process is change in structure
first order
alteration in patterns at the behavioral level only
second order
alteration of family rules/beliefs that govern behavior
structure
sum total of interrelationships among elements
Functioning
identified problem is seen as a system of how it functions not just a symptom of the individuals maladjustment history and psycho social development
Patterns of Interaction
Predicatable ways of interacting among memebers
Rules, Roles, Messages
The impart power and control may induce guilt and can perpuate themselves overtime
System Rules
rules act as gatekeepers for info that comes in and out if the system
Boundaries
separating line between generations
Open
well defined/flexible and equated to health
Closed
rigid boundaries are often seen a patholoical
Flexible
defined boundaries that can change and adapt to info internally and externally
Diffuse
boundaries that are not clearly defined
Limitation
communicational sequence and every exchange of messages narrows down the number of possible next moves.
Metacommunication
communication about communication talking about a communicative process
Positive connotation
delibrate language situation being described is in a positive state attribute to positive meaning to a person/event
Mind Reading
relationship evolving overtime, rules are developed and they have established panication so the patterns of communication so message is understood.
Complementary
relationship based on inequality in established roles, an imbalance of power and control
Symmetrical
Relationships based on equality of roles. Its fair ad equal distribution of pwer and control
Parallell
combo of both complementary/symmetrical kinds of behaviors occur
Sequence
a discrete package of recurring pattterns of comunicaton interactions
Punctuation
nag, withdraw,nag, withdraw people play emphasis of a system, making distinction of mapping a sequence comes with the observer
Double bind
2 contradictory messages. "I could kill my husband"
Discontinuios
results in a sudden change in perception, beliefs or perpective
Epistemology
how we know what we know
Cybernetic epistemology
way of discerning and knowing patterns that organizes sequences or events
Equifinality
a similiar outcome, different events
Equipotentiality
different outcome, similiar event
Autonomy
highest levels of recurision of a system
Perturbation
designed to unbalance the system and promote change
Family systems
development and behavior of one member is inextincably interconnected with others
Families
systems of interconnected interdependent individuals none of whom can be understood in isolation from ne another
Process
the observable, dynamic relatively transient and emergent interactions of th parts of family systems including movement action reaction, behavior and emotiomal expression
Pseudomutuality
a pretense of harmony and closeness in some families that makes conflict and clock intimacy
Psedohostility
a defense for the systems where hostility and conflict mask underlying family dysfunction
Marital Schism
a dysfuncational relationship style in which partners are overly focused ont heir own problems undermines the other and makes frequent threats of separation and divorce
Marital Skew
a sysfunctional relationship style in whic one partner dominates and the other is dependent and submissive conflict is masked
Equipotestal
husband and wife are equal and have mild fluctuations between maternal and paternal dominance
Behavioral redundancy
rule determined repetitive patterns of interactions established by people in continueing realtionships that are predictable and can be evaluated
Isomorphism
patterns of interaction in 1 system match the structural aspects
Triangulation
an unresolved conflict between 2 people(parents) is extended to include a 3rd person(often their child whose loyalty is fought over
Triadic
realtionship involving 3 people has more complex interactions more stable than a dyad pathologcal or healthy depending on the contect
Shismogenesis
a process of differentiation in the norms of individual behavior resulting from the cumulative interactions accuring between individuals
Systems Theory
a discipling for seeing the wholes interrelationships rather then individual patterns of change
System
the 2 basic elements of cybernetic systems are recursiveness and feedback.
Subsystem
an organized component of a system which has a specific role in the functioning of the larger systems and is somewhat autonomous(parents and siblings)
Wholeness
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
Non-Summativity
Combining individual elements of a system will not recreate the essential character
Circular Causality
Family Systems events create and endless and beginless circular chain
Recursion
on going mutual influence interaction and shared responsibility of members of a system occurs at the interface of relationships in the system reciprocal and circulare
Complementarity
A mutual fitting together of parts of a system such that the behaviors of one part enhance the behavior of the other parts to maintain the equilibrium of the system including its dysfunctional elements
Emergence
The way complex systems and patterns arise out of a multiplcity of simple interactions
Coherence
determines ways in which a family behaves and interacts(Whose the speaker)
Allopoetic
systems that can be controlled from the outside externally controlled(machines)
Autopoetic
the way parts relate to each other rather than the nature of the parts
Entrophy
the measure of disorder in a system random functioning=high entrophy
Negentrophy
the measure of organization in a system well organized=high negentrophy
Morphostasis
dynamic state of equilibrium stability
Morphgenesis
system enhancing over time growth and change(President Obama having lunch)
Cybernetics
the science of communication and control
First order cybernetics
theories of social systems
second order cybernetics
theories of interaction among social ideas and society
Cybernetics of Cybernetics
the observes becomes a part of the system
Assessing
a process of identyfing interactional patterns and relational dynamics in a family which include structure, communication life cycle, ethnic and gender issues which have contributed to problem development, client strengths and resources for change
Hypothesizing
the process of using the assessment info available about a family to form a supposition regarding the issues that contribute to and maintain a problem which can be testes and validate tin subsequent clinical sessions.
Unbalancing
intervening in a dysfunctional patterns or interaction by intensifying a certain behavior or roe for the purpose of disrupting the equilibrium in the system that maintains the problem and therby realigning the balance of power
Restructing
intervening directly in family systems to alter a maladaptive structure and to strengthen appropriate boundaries between subsystems
Reframing
a restatement that changes the conceptual and emotional setting of a situation and places it in another frame, changes perception of it, the meaning of the experience
Prescribing the symptom
having a family member keep doing what they have been doing or asking them to increase the problematic or symptomatic behavior at given times
restraining change
a paradoxical interention asking family members to slow down from making any more changes and cautioning them not to change too fast
Coaching
having family members interact in new ways with one another and preventing them from seducing one another back to older, dyfunctional behaviors
detriangling
an intervention that encourages the gradual separation of one of more family memebers from a dyfunctional triangular relationship
Reconstructing
guiding family members to go back thrue the stages of their life to discover and unlock dysfunctional patterns of relating and communicating
Temperture reading
having family members express their hopes and wishes to each other each day between sessions to show their appreciation of one another to allow an opportunity to discuss concerns, complaints and solutions
Sculpting
having family members depict theri perceptions of emotional closeness or distance by physically rearranging family member positions to represnet their roles and the alliances that exist in the family a symbolic representation of family dynamics
Circular questioning
asking questions to elicit from each member the differences in their perceptions about events problems and relationships either by having them identify similarities or by highlighting areas of divergence
Externalizing
help family members to view problems as separate from themselves so that their relationship to the pr previously taken for granted problem becomes the focus of clinical attention
Deconstructing
taking apart a problem saturated story in order to subvert previously taken for granted perceptions of reality that have oppressed a family system
Finding Exceptions
encouraging family members to search theri past/present experiences for times when the presenting problem did not exist in order to discover previously ignore or overlooked similiar solution that occured in a different context
Not Knowing
a stance in which a therapist does not use diagnoses, labels directives or make hypotheses but rather offeres tentative opinions and ieas. Therapist and client engage in conversational inquiry as equals