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Arts and Humanities
Theology III Chapter 1 and 2 Test
Terms in this set (55)
god creates us to
share eternal love and happiness with him in heaven.
the american pursuit of happiness
what is consumerism
the inordinate desire for and consumption of goods.
what is secularism
a vision and philosophy of life that
separates religion and life.
pope benedict xvl and consumerism denounced consumerism and warned of the violence it does to
the dignity of human person.
made in the image of god is not something but some one. Humans are a unity of spirit and matter, soul and body, capable of knowledge, self possession, and freedom, who can enter into communion with other persons and with god.
idolatry of good not only separates from others but
empties the human person and leaves him (or her unhappy)
happiiness is the chief desire of the human heart
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
st augustine of hippo
you have made us for yourself alone and our hearts are restless until they rest in you .
the catholic church teaches that
human beings can only find true happiness by pursuing a life lived in relationship with god.
any other path to happiness leads to
pale imitation of the lasting happiness and joy that jesus revealed.
what is morality
refers to the
goodness or evil of human acts,
and is rooted in the moral law.
for catholics, morality refers to the
manner of the life and action formed according to the teaching
laid down by christ jesus and authoritatively interpreted by the church.
morality prepares you to
live out, more fully, god's plan of goodness
and his will for your happiness and for the happiness of all people.
why did god create the world
by love god has revealed himself and given himself to man and women.
gods divine plan of goodness for humankind and the world is revealed in
the two creation accounts in the book of genesis.
you are capable of shaping your own life of crafting who you become with gods
the human person is
not something but someone
god creates the human person with an
intellect and free will
our god given power and ability to
know what is good and true
our god given power and ability to choose
what we have come to know and understand to be good and true, and to love god, others, and ourselves because of our love for god.
our free will and intellect are
the bases of our
responsibility and accountability for our moral choices.
is the power given by god
to act or not to act, to do this or to do that, and so to preform deliberate actions on ones own responsibility
an attraction either from outside or inside oneself to choose to sin, or to act in ways that are contrary to the will of god.
personal sin of disobedience
committed but he first human being.
state of harmony that existed between our first parents
and God before the Fall by which they participated in divine life.
the supernatural and
preternatural gifts enjoyed by our first parents before the Fall
; these include sanctifying grace and exemption from sin, suffering, death, and concupiscence.
passion, death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ - the work God the Father sent his Son to accomplish on earth.
being saved from sin
the triune god-god the father, son, and holy spirt is
one god in three divine persons
who is a divine community of self-giving love.
divine love is a
mystery beyond our comprehension.
agape is a love that totally self giving,
it is the selfless, self emptying love revealed and lived by jesus, the incarnate son of god.
a greek word meaning emptiness.
jesus emptied himself for our salvation.
nothing is expected in return
jesus act of love by
suffering and dying on the cross redeemed us and restored us to a life lived in the love of god - the holiness that Adam and Eve rejected.
the attitude action
characteristic of christian life.
when we will
enjoy the presence of god, face -to-face after death.
sermon on the mount
a mountain is a symbol for presence of god. jesus has come to fulfill and not to abolish the law and the prophets. Is the blueprint for christian living by summarizing the new law
sermon on the plain
jesus talks on the plain to disciples and talk about the beatitudes.
the law of the gospel which jesus taught and lived.
gods loving care and concern for all he has made;
he continues to watch over creation, sustaining its existence and presiding over its development and destiny.
there are twelve disciples, Matthew is one of them.
a habitual and firm disposition
to do the good.
the virtue by which a christian acknowledges that
god is the author of all good.
sympathetic pity and concern
for the sufferings or misfortunes of others.
a gift of god; along with faith and love, it is one of the three theological virtues.
Explain- Blessed are the poor in spirit, for their is the kingdom of heaven
we are asked to work to alleviate poverty and suffering associated with it. the poor in spirit are those who keep god at the center of their life and have absolute trust in him. not necessarily mean economically poor.
Explain- Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted
people who mourn experience a sense of sadness not only over their own personal suffering and sin, but also over the suffering and sin of others, especially the sinful and oppressive structure of society.
Explain-Blessed are the meek,for they will inherit the earth
in scripture meek is translated as slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love.
1. gentle and generous
2. forgiving even of their enemies
3. treat others with kindness, compassion and tenderness
4. their words and action manifest non violence
5. not only do they, not kill, but they avoid acting out of anger, hatred
6. will inherit the earth-the goodness, god wills for all people
Explain-Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness for they will be filled.
blessed are those who hunger and thirst for justice. those who live according to gods original plan of holiness an justice for his creation. those who seek to live in right relationship with god and others.
Explain-Blessed are they merciful, for they will receive mercy
human misery is a universal sign of the consequence of original sin and the need for salvation and healing of our human condition.
Explain- Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see god.
the pure in heart keep their eyes on god. they desire to please god and to do the will of god above everything else.
Explain-Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of god.
the hebrew word for peace, shalom, points to all the goodness, all the best, that god wills and desire for us. peacemakers work to make peace in every situation of violence, tension or division.
Explain-Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven
jesus clearly taught that there is a cost to being disciple.
is not found in riches or well-being in human fame or power, or in any human achievement.
hope and faith in jesus
1. choosing to believe in him and in what he teaches
2. recognizing the deceit of evil and rejecting the claims of evil, no matter how sensible.
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