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20th Century and Beyond

The Rite of Spring

Igor Stravinski

Appalachian Spring

Aaron Copland

A Survivor from Warsaw

Arnold Schoenberg

Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun"

Claude Debussy

West Side Story

Leonard Bernstein

Putnam's Camp, Redding, Connecticut

Charles Ives

Concerto Grosso 1985

Ellen Taaffe Zwilich

Afro-American Symphony

William Grant Still

Pierrot Lunaire

Arnold Schoenberg


Alban Berg

Concerto for Orchestra

Bela Bartok

Rhapsody in Blue

George Gershwin


Placing one traditional chord against another at the same time, a technique of twentieth-century music


The complete rejection of a tonal center, or treating each of the twelve tones as of equal importance


The main section of a musical comedy song


The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time


a motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section


artistic movement, centered in Germany and Austria from 1905 to 1925, that stressed intense, subjective emotion


artistic movement, centered in France in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, that stressed atmosphere, fluidity, and color


music characterized by its steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic fragements


artistic movement from about 1920 to 1950 that is marked by emotional restraint, balance, and clarity


deliberate evocation of unsophisticated power through insistent rhythms and percussive sounds


use of the technique of the twelve-tone system to organize rhythm, dynamics, and tone color


Style that evolved in the early 1940's, characterized by complex rhythmic patterns, asymmetrical melodic phrases, solo improvisation, and irregular accents


form of vocal music usually characterized by a 12-bar chord progression over a steady 4/4 beat

cool jazz

style that emerged in the early 1950s that was related to bop but calmer and more relaxed in character

country and western

folklike, guitar-based style associated with rural white Americans

free jazz

style that emerged in the early 1960s that was not based on regular forms or established chord patterns


combination of jazz improvisation with rock rhythms and tone colors


blend of rhythm and blues with popular music

New Orleans Style

style developed in the early 1900s, characterized by collective improvisation of solo performers over a clearly marked beat


piano style generally in duple meter, performed at a moderate mark tempo, popular from the 1890s to about 1915

rhythm and blues

dance music of African Americans that fused blues, jazz, and gospel styles


vocal music with a hard, driving beat, often featuring electric guitar accompaniment and heavily amplified sound


emphasis on emotionality, gospel roots, and its relationship to the black community


style popular from 1935 to 1945, characterized by arrangements for about fifteen musicians


the chord progression usually used in the blues involves only three basic chords; tonic, dominant, ________


Frequently repeated short melodic phrases commonly used in swing


Charlie "Bird" Parker,Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk


Bessie Smith, W.C. Handy

Cool Jazz

Miles Davis, Lester Young


Donna Summer

Folk Rock

Bob Dylan

Free Jazz

Ornette Coleman


Diana Ross and the Supremes, Stevie Wonder

New Orleans Style

Louis Armstrong, Joseph "King" Oliver


Scott Joplin


Ice Cube,

Rhythm and Blues

Chuck Berry

1950s rock

Elvis Presley


Ray Charles,Arethra Franklin


Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman, Ella Fitzgerald, Glenn Miller

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