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Se avesse prestato attenzione ai miei consigli, Luca non avrebbe perso il portafoglio.
"If he had paid attention to my advice, Luca wouldn't have lost his wallet."
Se Lucia non avesse perso il treno, avrebbe potuto essere qui con noi.
If Lucia hadn't missed the train, she could have been here with us."
Se fosse stato più determinato, Antonio sarebbe riuscito a completare il lavoro.
"If he had been more resolute, Antonio would have been able to finish the job.
Con un po' di pazienza, avremmo potuto trovare i biglietti per il concerto. Meaning: Se avessimo avuto un po' di pazienza, avremmo potuto trovare i biglietti per il concerto.
With a bit of patience, we could have found the tickets for the concert. Meaning: "If we had been more patient, we could have found the tickets for the concert."
Avendo una macchina più veloce, saremmo arrivati prima. Meaning: Se avessimo avuto una macchina più veloce, saremmo arrivati prima.
Having a faster car, we would have arrived earlier. Meaning: If we had a faster car, we would have arrived earlier.
Sarei venuta volentieri, ma ho già promesso ad Elena di uscire con lei.
"I'd gladly come, but I've already promised Elena to go out with her."
Sarei venuto con te lunedì prossimo, ma sarò fuori città. Meaning: Verrei con te lunedì prossimo, ma sarò fuori città.
I'd have come with you next Monday, but I'll be out of town." Meaning: I'd come with you next Monday, but I'll be out of town."
Ti avrei comprato un regalo, ma non credo d'avere abbastanza soldi. Meaning: Ti comprerei un regalo, ma non credo che avrò abbastanza soldi.
I'd have bought you a gift, but I don't think I have enough money. Meaning: I'd buy you a gift, but I don't think I'll have enough money.
Maria sarebbe tornata (feminine singular) la settimana succesiva. "
Maria would have come back the following week."
Francesco e Federico si sarebbero divertiti (masculine plural) molto al cinema.
Francesco and Federico would have enjoyed themselves a lot at the cinema."
We attain the past conditional tense of the three conjugations of verbs by using the present conditional of the auxiliary verb (either essere or avere) conjugated according to the person it refers to, followed by the past participle of the main verb:
Subject + auxiliary verb (present conditional) + main verb (past participle) Keep in mind that whenever a verb requires the auxiliary verb essere ("to be"), we have to conjugate its past participle according to the gender and number of the person it refers to.
Maria sarebbe tornata (feminine singular) la settimana succesiva. Francesco e Federico si sarebbero divertiti (masculine plural) molto al cinema.
The principal usage of the past conditional is to express future events in the past, following the tense agreement of past tenses. This use differs from English, since in Italian we employ the past conditional, whereas in English we would use the present conditional instead. In this case, a verb conjugated in the past tense always precedes the past conditional.
Mentre pensavo alla mia ragazza sapevo che mi avrebbe chiamato. "While I was thinking about my girlfriend, I knew she would call me."
Mentre pensavo alla mia ragazza sapevo che mi avrebbe chiamato.
"While I was thinking about my girlfriend, I knew she would call me."
I passeggeri aspettavano sul treno, sapendo che sarebbero arrivati in ritardo.
The passengers were waiting on the train, knowing they'd arrive late."
Anche se non aveva prove, Antonio sentiva che avrebbe vinto la partita.
"Even though he didn't have any proof, Antonio felt he'd win the match."
We attain the past conditional of verbs that require the auxiliary verb avere as follows: Subject + auxiliary verb (present conditional) + main verb (past participle)
Note that the past participle of main verbs that require the auxiliary verb avere never change their form according to the subject they refer to.
Io avrei comprato una casa. "I would have bought a house."
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