Terms in this set (6)

The Constitution made the agreement and any laws passed under the Constitution, the supreme law of the land. Three separate branches were created, the legislative, executive, and judicial. Each branch had specific powers while also having the ability to check the powers of the other two branches. The national government was given the power to tax and to enforce its laws. It created a judicial system in which the Supreme Court of the United States would have the final say as to the constitutionality of laws. A system of checks and balances tied the three branches of government together under the Constitution and the legislature became a truly representative body representing the people. An important feature of the Constitution was that it could be amended to change with the times. The Articles created a confederation of independent states, not a nation. Under the Constitution, the balance of power shifted to the federal government. The Articles of Confederation,It was weak national government with most of the governmental powers retained by the states that gave much more power to the states than to the U.S. government. Under them, the U.S govt couldn't regulate commerce (trade) and couldn't tax the states. The U.S. government could make decisions, but had no power to enforce their decisions or make the states do anything since it could not enforce its laws on the states or the people. The Articles provided no separation of branches. There was no president or any other independent executive, nor was there a federal judicial branch. Congress, the legislature, was the only branch of government. Laws required unanimous votes. Members elected to congress did not vote as individuals, but as states. States were permitted to coin their own money. There was no regulation of commerce between the states and states could even enter into treaties with foreign nations and declare war, "with the consent of Congress."
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