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AP Gov Unit 1
Chapters 1,2 vocab
Terms in this set (43)
the institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society
goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must share.
the process by which we select our governmental leaders and what policies these leaders pursue. Produces authoritative decisions about public issues
all the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue. Voting is the most common but not the only means of ______ in a democracy. Other means include protest and civil disobedience
groups that have a narrow intierest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics.
the process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time.
the political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda.
the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved in politics at any given point in time
an issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it
the branches of government charged with taking action on political issues. (congress, president, courts, and bureacracy)
a choice that government makes in response to a political issue.
a course of action taken with regard to some problem
the effects a policy had on people and problems.
a system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's preferences.
a fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. in a democracy, choosing among alternatives requires taht the majority's desire be respected.
a principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allows that they might join majorities through persuasion and reasoned argument
a basic principle of traditional democratic theory that describes the relationship between the few leaders and the many followers
a theory of governemtn and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies
elite and class theory
a theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upperclass elite will rule, regrardless of formal niceties of governmental organization
a theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that govt is weakened. an extreme, exaggerated, or perverted form of pluralism.
a condition that occurs when no coalition is strong enough to form a moajoity and establish policy. the result is that nothing may get done.
an overall set of values widely shared within a society
gross domestic product
the sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a nation
equality of opportunity and respect in the absence of a monarchy or aristocracy
hands off (free markets and limited governemnt)
a political philopsophy supporting the rights of average citizens in their struggle against priveledged elites
rule by 1
rule by the few
the statistical data of a population, especiialy those showing average age, income, education, etc.
the disintegration, collapse, or breakdown of norms
absolute control by the state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution
a nations basic law. it creates political institutions,, assigns or divides powers in govt, and often provides certain guarantees to citizems. either written or unwritten.
declaration of independence
the document approved by representatives of the american colonies in 1776 that states their grievances against the british monarch and declared their independence
rights inherent in human beings, not dependent of govts, which include life, liberty, and property. the concept of natural rights was central to english philosopher john locke's theoryies about govt and was widely accepted among america's founders.
consent of the governed
the idea that govt derives its authority by sanction of the people
the idea that certain restrictions should be places on govt to protect the natural rights of citizens
articles of confederation
the first constitution of the us. adopted by congress in 1777 and enacted in 1781. established a national legislature (continental congress) but most authority rested with the state legislatures
texas v. johnson
flag burning. not punished because of nature of constitution
life, liberty, property. an especially influential english philosopher. wrote the second treatise of civil government and strongly believed in natural rights.
writeen by thomas paine. encouraged the colonists to declare independence from britain. rablle rousing pamphlet
a series of attacks on courthouses by a small band of farmers led by revolutionary war captian daniel shays to block foreclosure proceeding
document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of us govt and the tasks these institutions perform. replaces articles of confederation
interest groups arising from the unequal distribution of property or wealth that james madison attacked in federalist paper no. 10.
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