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Internal Conflict

A struggle in character's heart or mind.
a. Ex. a character's struggle with shyness, fear, or jealousy.

External Conflict

A struggle between a character and an outside force; there are many different types.

Man vs. Self

Where the main character of the story has a problem or struggle with him or herself.
a. Ex. making a difficult decision; battling cancer; a guilty conscience; moral issues.

Man vs. Man

Where the confict arises between 2 or more characters.
a. Ex. fist-fight between 2 characters; Harry Potter vs. Voldermort.

Man vs. Society

Where a main character thinks differently from society or the norm; believing in a way that is diferrent what is expected and accepted in that society.
a. Ex. believing that

Man vs. Nature

Where a character or character have to fight against the forces of nature.
a. Ex. against an earquake, tornado, tsunami, etc.; a disaster type scenario caused by some natural force.

Man vs. Fate

Where a character tries to break away and be free from some predestined path or destiny; can be a conflict between fate and free will.
a. Ex. a path that's been chosen before the character was born or without his or her knowledge.

Man vs. Supernatural

Where a character or characters fight against elements outside the natural realm.
a. Ex. character vs. ghosts, aliens, monsters, spirits unexplainable occurrences, etc.


The way a writer reveals the personality of a character; a writer can reveal it in 6 ways:
a. By describing how the character looks and dresses.
b. By letting us "hear" the character speak.
c. By showing us how the character acts.
d. By letting us know the character's thoughts and
e. By revealing what other characters in the story think
or say about the character.
f. By directly describing the character's personality.

Compare and Contrast

Finding similarities and differences between 2 things.

Cause and Effect

Determining the reason something happens as well as the result of that cause; the cause happens first and the event happens after; events in a plot are often connected by cause and effect.

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