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30 terms

Chp 19 French Revolution Terms and Names

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Bastille
The political prison and armory stormed on July 14, 1789, by Partisian city workers alarmed by the king's concentration of troops at Versailles
Coup d'etat Brumaire
The moment when Napoleon seized power by overthrowing The Directory and gaining control of France in 1799
emigres
French nobles who fled France once the Revolution began and worked outside the country to restore the monarchy
Louis XVI
- King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
Marie Antoinette
daughter of the empress of Austria, married to Louis XVI at age 15, accused of lavish spending that added to the national debt
Estates General
The French national assembly summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the ancien regime.
Abbe Sieyes
French lower clergyman who wrote the famous revolutionary pamphlet "What is the Third Estate?".
First Estate
The class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
Second Estate
The class of French society made up of the noblility
Third Estate
The class of French society made up of peasants, city workers, bourgeoisie
Jacques Necker
finance minister to Louis XVI who proposed that the king tax the 1st and 2nd estates.
cahiers de doleances
Each estate was instructed to make a list of their grievances and give them to the king
Great Fear
The panic and insecurity that struck French peasants in the summer of 1789 and led to their widespread destruction of manor houses and tax records
National Assembly
A French legislative body established by representatives of the Third Estate
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
This was the new constitution that the National Assembly wrote that gave all citizens free expression of thoughts and opinions and guaranteed equality before the law
Olympe de Gouges
a female journalist who demanded equal rights for French women
sans-culottes
the common people of France who did hard manual labor
Jacobins
the most radical French middle class political club which wanted to remove the king and establish a republic
Reign of Terror
the time period where a "republic of virtue" was created by executing any opponents with guillotine
Robespierre
revolutionary leader who tried to wipe out every trace of France's past monarchy and nobility
Girondins
faction of the Jacobins that wanted the king to live, favored a constitutonal monarch
The Mountain
faction of the Jacobins that wanted to execute the king so France could have a republic
Tennis Court Oath
The Third Estate declared themselves to be the National Assembly and swore to remain together until they had created a French constitution.
Jean-Paul Marat
One of the most radical members of the Revolution, he organized a women's march on the king's palace and was later assassinated by a monarchy supporter
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
After the Revolution, this created a national church and brought the church under government control. Church property was sold to pay off national debt. Alienated Catholics from the goals of the Revolution.
assignats
The new paper currency created after the Revolution; it's value was backed up by former church property.
Brunswick Manifesto
Prussia and Austria threatened to destroy Paris if the king and queen were harmed.
Committee of Public Safety
Provisional government during the radical phase of the Revolution led by Robespierre, executed opponents
levee en masse
A draft of every available French person in order to fight off outside attackers, created an army of 1 million men.
The Directory
Five member executive board chosen to govern France in 1795.