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Tells a clear story


Includes charactors that change over time


Presents a conflict and resolution


Surprises, chanenges, and entertains the reader


Informs or explains


Informs the reader about a topic


Expains something interesting or curious


Focuses on making a topic clear


Anticipates and answers the reader's questions


Includes details that add information, support key ideas, and help the reader make personal connections


To construct an argument


States a position clearly and sticks with it


Offers good sound resoning


Proviides soild facts, opinions, and examples.


revals weakness in other positions


Uses voice to add credibility and show confidence.


is the series of related events that make up the story


tells who the main charactor or charactors are and what the conflict or problem is. The start of the story


Is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. No confict no plot

Rising Action

The series of conflict and crisis in the story that lead to the climax


the Turing point, the most intense moment either mentally or in a action.

Falling action

All of the action whitch follows the climax


the conclusion, the tying together of all the threads.


a person or figure that is part of a story.


by reading the struggles in the story we often learn about

Direct Characterization

The writer tells readers directly what a charactor is like.

Indirect Characterization

The writer reveals characters' traits through

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