12 terms

Chapter 2 Forensic Science

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Terms in this set (...)

chain of custody
the documented and unbroken transfer of evidence
circumstantial evidence
evidence used to imply a fact but not prove it directly. Things that were left behind at the crime scene. Almost like clues.
class evidence
material that connects an individual or thing to a certain group
crime-scene investigation
a multidisciplinary approach in which scientific and legal professionals work together to solve a crime
crime-scene reconstruction
a hypothesis of the sequence of events from before the crime was committed through its commission
direct evidence
evidence that, if true, proves an alleged fact, such as an eyewitness account of a crime
first responder
the first police officer to arrive at a crime scene
individual evidence
a kind of evidence that identifies a particular person or thing. Eyewitness accounts or a police dashboard video camera.
paper bindle
a folded paper used to hold trace evidence
primary crime scene
the location where the crime took place
secondary crime scene
a location other than the primary crime scene, but that is in some way related to the crime, where evidence is found
trace evidence
small but measurable amounts of physical or biological materials found at a crime scene