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UNIT 3 TEST - CONSTITUTION
Forming a New Government
Terms in this set (38)
What document called for three branches of government to include the executive, legislative and judicial branches?
United States Constitution
This plan proposed the scrapping of the Articles of Confederation entirely and creating a new national government.
The Virginia Plan
Proposed that in the Senate, each state would have equal representation.
The Great Compromise
Proponents of the Consitution who chose their name hoping it would remind Americans who feared a central government that the states would remain many of their powers.
Opponents of the Constitution who opposed a federalist form of government.
What did the news of Shay's Rebellion and unrest elsewhere convince Congress to do?
Call a convention of the states to revise the Articles of Confederation.
This plan would benefit large states with many people.
The Virginia Plan
People pushing for the ratification of the Constitution
What happened as a result of the Confederation Congress not being allowed to regulate commerce?
The states began setting up customs posts on their borders and levying taxes on one another's goods.
This court appeals directly to the Supreme Court.
The US Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
What started Shay's Rebellion?
The government of Massachusetts decided to raise taxes to pay off its debts instead of issuing paper money.
A collection of essays written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay explained how the Constitution worked and why it was needed.
To win this state, the Federalists promised to support an amendment by adding a Bill of Rights to the Constitution.
Powers granted to Congress under this document included the power to declare war, raise armies and sign treaties.
Articles of Confederation
These are powers held by both national and state government.
According to the Constitution, the __________ shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives.
The majority of both houses on Congress it takes to propose an amendment.
This city hosted the Constitutional Congress.
Alexander Hamilton argued that this was required to prevent the new government from abusing its power.
Checks and Balances
What did the Constitutional Convention have to balance state rights with?
A stronger national government
He opposed the Constitution because he believed it endangered the independence of the States.
The Elecotral College selects this part of the Federal Government
This compromise settled the issue of slave representation in regards to the detemination of a state's population.
This plan was characterized by equal representation by each state in the federal government.
George Washington took this stance when dealing with the French Revolution.
After the Revolutionary War, this was the main problem facing the new United States.
Financial Situation (Debt)
Alexander Hamilton's financial plan included these three major items.
1) A tax on whiskey
2) A national bank to stablize the economy.
3) Paying off all of the states' debts.
Opponents of the sedition act argued that the act violated what amendment?
The act of a foreign military coming on to a United States ship, kidnapping the sailors and forcing them into their own military.
This act, combined with Intolerable Acts, made up the Coercive Acts.
The American victory at this battle was a turning point in the war because it convinced France to send troops and supplies to the Americans.
These acts were intended to punish Massachusetts and end colonial challenges to British authority.
What did the Virginia slave code define?
The relationship between enslaved people and free people.
The people believed that to become wealthy and powerful, a country had to acquire gold and silver.
The people believed that every congregation should elect its own leaders.
He wrote that all the people are free, equal and have the natural right to life, liberty and property.
According to John Locke, when do people have the right to overthrow the government?
When the government becomes a threat to the people's natural rights.
During the Constitutional Convention, what main issues divided the states?
Small states demanded changes that would protect them against the voting power of big states. Northern and Southern states were divided over the slavery issue.
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