63 terms

Literary Terms and Devices

Literary Terms are those that make up a story. Literary Devices are used in a story to make it more appealing to the reader.
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Terms in this set (...)

Plot
A sequence of events, the main events of a story
Setting
The time and place a story occurs
Theme
A literary work's central message, concern, or purpose - the moral to the story
Characterization
When an author describes a character and the character traits (could be physical, personality, tendencies, habits, etc.)
Genre
A division or type of literature.
Author's Style and Tone
The author's attitude toward the events taking place in the book.
Point of View
Perspective from which a story is told
1st person - told from character's perspective using "I"
2nd person - story is told from one character to another using "you"
3rd person - told from narrator's perspective using "he" or "she"
Conflict
The problem a character faces in a story
Prologue
An introductory part to a play, poem, or novel
Epilogue
a concluding part added to a literary work such as a novel that usually gives information about the future of a story
Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
Pun
A play on words, using a word in a humorous way instead of using the actual meaning
Allusion
An indirect reference to a well-known person, place, event, or object in history or in a literary work
Analogy
A simile or metaphor that is complex and causes the reader to have to think about the connection.
Dramatic Irony
Occurs when the reader or audience knows something that a character does not
Verbal Irony
The use of words to express the exact opposite of the literal meaning of what is being said
Idiom
a "sub-language", a way of speaking, or a phrase in which words do not have their usual meanings
Simile
A figure of speech that uses "like" or "as" to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else (without using "like" or "as")
Personification
A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
Repetition
Using a word over and over FOR EFFECT in writing
Flashback
A scene that takes the story line back in time from the current point
Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate the sound associated with something
Alliteration
using several words that begin with the same or similar consonants
Assonance
Repeating the same vowel sound in words close to each other in writing
Foreshadowing
An author's use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story
Oxymoron
Figure of speech that includes normally contradictory (opposite) terms
Hyperbole
An exaggeration of truth
Imagery
A writer using words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses
Jargon
Slang used by a certain group of people
Symbolism
Anything that stands for or represents something else
Plot
Exposition, Conflict, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Conclusion.
Setting
District 12 is a very poor coal-mining district located in the region formerly known as Appalachia. Katniss and her family live in the poor section of District 12, the Seam, where the coal-miners live and work. There is also the Hob, the black market. The district is surrounded by a sometimes-electrified fence from woodlands.
Theme
Never give up on your dreams.
Characterization
She was tall, blonde, and had lovely blue eyes; however, after talking to her for even the slightest minute, anyone could tell she was not as beautiful on the inside. She was selfish and rude and had no respect for others. She acted as if everyone owed her something.
Genre
Fiction, Non-fiction, Science Fiction, Poetry, Speech, Short Story, Tall Tale, Mystery, Legend, Mythology
Author's Style and Tone
And the trees all died. They were orange trees. I don't know why they died, they just died. Something wrong with the soil possibly or maybe the stuff we got from the nursery wasn't the best. We complained about it. So we've got thirty kids there, each kid had his or her own little tree to plant and we've got these thirty dead trees. All these kids looking at these little brown sticks, it was depressing.
Point of View ~ 1st Person
As I walked quietly through the forest trying not to be seen, I noticed the footsteps had stopped following me. That could mean only one thing, the animal had climbed a tree and now I was the hunted.
Point of View ~ 3rd Person
She sat on the couch not caring that his feelings were hurt. Didn't he know that she had feelings, too? Why would anyone want to say such things about her mother?
Point of View ~ 2nd Person
You probably know what it means to write in the first person, but you may not be as confident about using the second person.
Conflict
It was so hard for Charlie to face his father after knowing what he did was going to disappoint him, but he really needed to face his problems head on. Why was he so afraid? After all, what more could his father expect from him? Charlie always tried his best. He knew his father loved him, but he really didn't want to tell his father the horrible secret he had been hiding for the past three days.
Prologue
Once upon a time, there was a beautiful young princess who lived with her father in a large castle. The princess' mother had died suddenly in a freak accident leaving the princess motherless, but her father loved her very much and tried to make it up to her every day of her life.
Epilogue
Now that the trouble was over, it seemed all would be fine. Little did David know that the black shadow wasn't gone for good, but only lurking in dark waiting for it's chance at him again. It might not be now, but soon...soon the black shadow would have its revenge. For now David was safe....but for how long?
Pun
Need an ark? I Noah guy!
Allusion
He lies so much, I'm surprised his nose doesn't grow.
Analogy
Teaching her sister to read was like teaching a dog to walk backwards, but she tried her best.
Dramatic Irony
His secret could not be revealed. No one could know who he really was, not even his oldest and dearest friend. He would keep this secret forever. Nobody would know that he was a mind reader.
Verbal Irony
As I sat there eating my cookie, Josh walked up and asked, "Eating a cookie?"
My first response before I thought was, "Nope, this is actually green beans disguised as a cookie."
Idiom
Guys like you are a dime a dozen.
Simile
Her smile was like the sun shining down on me.
Metaphor
His glare was arctic and gave her chills.
Personification
The sun was smiling on us as we prayed the rain would leave us alone for the rest of the day.
Repitition
Head on, apply directly to the forehead.
Head on, apply directly to the forehead.
Head on, apply directly to the forehead.
Flashback
As she sat in class, she began to remember when she was younger. She didn't have the worry of school or homework. She had the day all to herself and the tv, too. She was happily reliving her younger days, when she suddenly realized the teacher had been calling her name and waiting on her to answer a question in class.
Onomatopoeia
With a quack, quack here and a moo moo there. Here crash, there a boom, everywhere a choo-choo
Alliteration
Silvery snow streams slow
Assonance
Long song gone wrong
Forshadowing
In the movie "Sixth Sense", a little boy is talking to a psychiatrist about his ability to see dead people. The boy tells the doctor that the people he sees don't know they are dead. At the end of the movie, the doctor finds out the he has been dead all along.
Oxymoron
That's a definite maybe.
Act naturally.
It was my only choice.
You are clearly confused.
Hyperbole
I scored so low on the test, I owed the teacher points.
Imagery
She could smell the sweet chocolate dripping from the dessert. The vanilla ice cream as white as snow was steaming from the warmth of the hot fudge and the whip cream had started to move it's way from the top to the bottom leaving a stream of melted cream.
Jargon
Boy, we sure had us a hog-killin' time, now didn't we?
Symbolism
The heart can stand for several things. Two of which are love and Valentine's Day.