Literary Terms English IV AP
Terms in this set (49)
an argument made that a. appeals to a person's feelings or prejudices rather than intellect or b. is marked by an attack on an opponent's character rather than his contentions/intentions
something out of its normal time
repetition when it is specifically used at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences
involves a direct contrast of structurally parallel word groupings, generally for the purpose of contrast
a concise statement of a principle or precept given in pointed words
a condensed form of expression in which a series is presented without conjuctions
a moral and spiritual cleansing; an emphatic identification with others
when a writer arranges things in order of importance
dues ex machina
a person or thing that suddenly appears, providing a solution to a difficult problem. The person or thing is lowered to the stage by means of a crane in classic drama.
the omission of one or more words that is/are understood
an inscription used to mark burial places
a word or phrase used in place of a person's name; it is characteristic of that person
a form of oral religious instruction given by a minister to a church congregation
derived from the Greek word Hybris, means "excessive pride." In Greek tragedy, it is often viewed as the flaw that leads to the downfall of the tragic hero.
a command or order
a question, inquiry
a change in the normal word order, often for emphasis or to maintain rhyme scheme or meter
a poetic or rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another.
a great understatement (opposite of hyperbole)
follows the basic subject, verb, complement pattern
a type of pun that results when two words become jumbled in the speaker's mind
a adage, a concise statement, usually drawn from experience, and inculcating some practical advice (similar to an aphorism)
a figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it
a speech by a character in a play, story, or poem whose listeners do not speak
an inference that does not follow from the premise
a statement that seems contradictory or absurd but that expresses the truth
the repetition of grammatical structure
the insertion of a word, phrases, or a sentence that is not syntactically related to the rest of the sentence (it is set of by parenthesis or dashes)
a sentence withholding its main idea until the end (opposite of a loose sentence)
the use of more conjunctions than is normal (opposite of asyndeton)
a change from one tone, attitude, etc...Look for key words like but, however, even though, although, yet, etc.
a type of verbal irony in which, under the guise of praise, a caustic and bitter expression of strong and personal disapproval is given. It is personal, jeering, and intended to hurt
a speech delivered by a character when he or she is alone on stage
a formula for presenting an argument logically...It affords a method of demonstrating logic through analysis. It consists of 3 divisions: a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion
a form of metaphor in which a part of something is used to stand for the whole thing
the physical arrangement of words in a sentence
the writer's attitude toward his/her audience and subject
saying less than is actually meant, generally in an ironic way (see litotes)
a narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style.
a line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameter (Shakespeare's sonnets)
a lyric poem that laments the dead
a long narrative poem that records the adventures of a hero. They typically chronicle the origins of a civilization and embody its central values
poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme. The verse is free in not being bound by earlier poetic conventions requiring poems to adhere to an explicit and identifiable meter and rhyme scheme in a form such as a sonnet or ballad. Modern and contemporary poets of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries often employ this.
a type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling.
the measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems
a poem that tells a story (see ballad)
a long, stately poem in stanzas of varied length, meter, and form. Usually a serious poem on an exalted subject, but sometimes a more lighthearted work.
a fourteen-line poem traditionally written in iambic pentameter with variations such as the Shakespearean or English ______ and the Petrarchan or Italian ______
a division or unit of a poem