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48 terms

FRA 6th grade Jews/Hebrews

STUDY
PLAY
monotheism
belief in only one God
Masada
Mountain fortress that 1,000 Zealots locked themselves in during the revolt against the Romans
Exodus
The journey of Moses leading the Hebrew slaves out of Egypt
Second Temple
Was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70 as part of the defeat of the Jewish revolt
Othodox Jews
Todays Jews who strictly follow the Mosaic law
Rabbis
Jewis religious teaches
Ten Commandments
Code of moral laws given to Moses by God
Zealots
This group did not think that Jews should answer to anyone but God
Talmud
A set of commentaries, stories and lessons for everyday life. These writing were written by scholars to help explain the Torah
Torah
The most sacred text of Judaism; it is not to be touched
Synagogue
Jewish house of worship
Passover
Is a time for Jews to remember the Exodus; Jews eat flat bread and have a meal called Seder
High Holy days
The two most sacred of all Jewish holidays; includes Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kipper
Dead Sea Scrolls
Writting by jews who lived about 2000 years ago. Scholars have learned about the lives of the early Jews with these.
Reformed Jews
Jews that chose not to follow as many of the ancient laws
Yahweh
Hebrew name for God
Diaspora
Scattering of Jews around the world
Moses
Led the Hebrews on Exodus out of slavery in Egypt
Abraham
Led the Hebrews out of Mesopotamia to Cannon
Exodus
The journey of Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt
Prophets
People who are said to receive messages from God that are to be taught to others
Sabbath
Day of rest, the 7th day
Judaism
First religion to practice monotheism
Ashkenzim
Jewish culture of Germany and France; spoke the language of Yiddish
Sephardim
Jewish culture of Spain and Portugal
40 Years
How long did the Jews wander in the dessert with Moses?
Saul
1st King of Israel; not a very strong king
David
Became King after Saul; good military skills; loved by his people; Goliath; established Jerusalem as the captial
Soloman
King David's son; expanded the kingdom, built the 1st great temple
Israel and Judah
The 2 kingdoms that developed after the revolts after King Soloman's death; people of Judah became known as Jews
Babylonian Captivity
The Chaldeans took over Judah and destroyed the temple and march thousands of people to Babylon to work as slaves; last 50 years
Maccabees
Jewish family that led a successful revolt in 160 BC
Miriam
Moses sister; great spiritual leader
Ruth
an example of how women should behave because of her devotion
Queen Esther
great military and political leader
Yiddish
Eastern European Jews language that developed due to the spreading of Jews all over the world
Ashkenazim
Eastern European Jews who had communities separate from non-Jewish neighbors
Sephardim
Jews who spread to Spain, Portugal, and Western Europe and live in mixed communities with non-Jews
Seder
a meal where Jews reflect on the events of Exodus and eat matzo
Matzo
a flat, unrisen bread eaten during Passover
Rosh Hashana
1st of the high holy days and the beginning of the new year
Yom Kipper
holiest day of the year; Jews ask God to forgive their sins and they fast
Hanukkah
falls in december and honors the rededication of the Second Temple with oil; Jews celebrate with 8 candles now
kindness
justice means this to Jews
proper
to Jews, righteousness refers to behaving this way even if others are not
3 texts with Jewish beliefs
Torah, Hebrew Bible, Commentaries
Mosaic Law
Jews believe Moses recorded a whole set of laws from GOd other than the 10 commandments called this; they guide the everyday lives of the Jewish people
Hebrew Bible
called the Tanach; what we consider the Old Testament