Terms in this set (19)
Explain why Gladwell includes the information in the first two paragraphs. What idea about KIPP students does he want to convey?
Gladwell included this information because he wanted the readers to know KIPP students are poor and from rough neighborhoods. He wanted to be clear that students are admitted based on luck.
Note the statistics presented in the second paragraph. Why does Gladwell choose to write out this data rather than insert a table or chart?
Gladwell chose to write out the data because he wanted to supported what he was saying. Writing out the data is more clear than putting it into a table.
What statements or phrases from this passage reveal Gladwell's perspective on the KIPP Academy?
KIPP Academy seems like the kind of school in the kind of
neighborhood with the kind of student that would make educators
despair—except that the minute you enter the building, it's clear that
something is different. "It is no exaggeration to say that just over ten years into its existence, KIPP has become one of the most desirable public schools in New York City.
Explain the two important numerical facts in this paragraph. How do these facts add to the picture that Gladwell is building of the KIPP Academy?
In the South Bronx, 16% of middle school students are performing at or above their grade level in math. But at KIPP, students start high school algebra and 84% of their students are performing at or above their grade level at the end of 8th grade. KIPP students, selected by chance, are exceeding standards and excelling in math compared to the more privileged kids.
State the main idea of these two paragraphs.
The early educational reformers have come to the understanding when constructing our school systems that too much school is not good for the mind. Over-studying can cause brain injuries and insanity.
Explain how these quotations affect your understanding of the ideas in this part of the text.
The quotations prove that studies have shown that overtaxing students on school work can cause change in character and habits, and in extreme cases cause brain injury and insanity.
What conclusion does Gladwell want readers to draw about the Asian work ethic from the details in this passage?
Gladwell wants readers to draw the conclusion that Asian work ethic from the details is the exact opposite of ours. In Western agriculture, we have to go through seasons and take breaks so we can plant our crops, unlike the Rice Farms where the more you plant the more fertile the land gets, every winter and summer our fields are emptied. Like our minds and the Western fields, our minds must be cultivated, but not too much. Thus, we get the long summer vacation and start over at the beginning of the year, while the Asians work all year round and have more than enough rice.
What disparities does this choice of a table format enable readers to see?
The disparities this choice of a table format enable the readers to see the huge difference of low, middle, and high class elementary students' reading scores. The upper class students almost double the scores of the lower class students by 5th grade.
What title would you give to the table on this page to describe its contents? What evidence supports your title?
"Lower class shows Higher scores" From the beginning to the end of the school year, the less fortunate kids competed with the privileged students for scores and rose to the occasion. Their scores by the end of the year are just within 15 points of the middle class but 5 points higher than the upper class.
Why does Gladwell choose to include all 3 tables instead of just presenting this one? How does the use of the tables in this part of the essay affect your perception of the credibility of Gladwell's information? Why?
Gladwell chooses to include all 3 tables because he wants us to create our own conclusions based on the numbers and show the statistics of his reasoning. The tables provided by Gladwell make him a credible source.
What sentence expresses the most important point in this paragraph? Which details support this idea?
"You have the time to learn everything that needs to be learned—and you have less time to unlearn it." For Japanese twelfth graders, the answer was 92 percent. That's the value of going to school 243 days a year. For American twelfth graders, the comparable figure was 54 percent. For its poorest students, America doesn't have a school problem. It has a summer vacation problem, and that's the problem the KIPP schools set out to solve.
Why is this photograph included in the essay? What affect is it meant to have on the readers?
The effect of showing a picture of the buildings in a city is to show where the students are for 12 hours of the day. To illustrate the hustle and bustle of the Asian student and some New York students in the U.S. They practically live at school and never see the sunshine. It really makes the reader think about the corruption of schools systems in foreign countries and how these practices could ever produce any good in a young person's life. They're treated as working adults rather than the children they are.
Which details in this passage support the idea that taking advantage of an opportunity involves hard work?
There are kids here from seven twenty-five until seven p.m. If you take an average day, and you take out lunch and recess, our kids are spending fifty to sixty percent more time learning than the traditional public school. Gladwell describes the children's lives and how they are busier than most adults and carry just as much stress at 12 years old because the point is that all of this sacrifice and hard work is for the better good. KIPP keeps the children safe and ensures them of a better future, even if that means sacrificing their childhood.
What types of details does Gladwell use in these paragraphs to help readers understand how spending more time in school affects KIPP students and their education?
Gladwell uses Facts and Statistics, Examples, and Sensory Details to explain, illustrate, and describe the effects of spending more time in school on the students and their education. The KIPP students have less of a summer and also come into school on the weekend. By the end of the day the kids are restless. The words grit and self-control are what they live by. The students not only do thinking-skills exercises each morning, but lead class discussions as to not just how they get their answer but also the question of if there's more than one way to get that answer. The students are well equipped enough to teach their class and should keep a toothbrush in their locker while they're add it.
What feeling is conveyed by this photograph? What idea does it suggest?
Accomplishment. Every student has their hand raised because each and every one of them are capable to answer the question. The classroom is never quiet and filled with blank stares at KIPP.
What point is Gladwell making about the teachers in the KIPP Academy in this paragraph? What details in the text support this idea?
Gladwell is making the point that KIPP teachers change students lives. They create their love for school and lead them to having a bright future. A girl is Corcoran's class started off hating math to the point she cried and turned her into a college student going to school for a major in accounting.On the walls of the classroom were dozens of certificates from the New York State Regents exam, testifying to first-class honors for Corcoran's students. We had a girl in this class," Corcoran said. "She was a horrible math student in fifth grade. She cried every Saturday when we did remedial stuff. Huge tears and tears." At the memory, Corcoran got a little emotional himself. He looked down. "She just e-mailed us a couple weeks ago. She's in college now. She's an accounting major."
What tone or attitude do Marita's words convey in this passage? Why does Gladwell want readers to hear this tone for themselves?
Marita, at twelve years old, is living a life that is as busy or more than most adults. Her tone and attitude is very junior high, which makes sense because she is only 12 years old. As she lists off her daily routine, it almost gives me a headache. I can almost feel her stress as I read. Gladwell wants readers to hear this tone for themselves because of how well Marita amplifies how miserable it is to go to her school. I just feel sorry for her.
What does Gladwell's choice of words in this passage suggest about his view of Marita?
Gladwell views Marita as a strong girl, but a child nonetheless. He wishes she could have the twelve-year-old life that every child deserves. He wishes that she wasn't born into poverty and having to sacrificing all she has everyday to KIPP in hope for a future.
How does this repetition help readers understand what Gladwell believes is important?
By re-instating Gladwell's beliefs, Gladwell clarifies his main idea that Marita, like many other KIPP students, doesn't need the best of the best things to get ahead in school. All that she and those other unfortunate children need is a chance; a fighting chance for a future. He concluded his thoughts of the practices at KIPP as the miracle of meaningful work shined through in South Bronx.