100 terms

Black History Bowl Questions

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Katherine Dunham
Who helped to keep the African dance tradition alive?
Kwanza
What holiday did Professor Dr. Maulana Karenga create?
Harriet Tubman
What woman led more than 300 slaves to freedom through the Underground Railroad?
50,000
What was the total number of slaves that escaped to freedom using the Underground Railroad?
1965
What year did the Voting Rights Act become law?
The March on Washington of 1963
What was the largest civil rights protest in America?
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have A Dream" speech
What famous speech took place at the March on Washington?
The Children's Defense Fund
What did Marian Wright Edelman start, to raise money for poor and disabled children and their families?
The help more blacks go to college
For what purpose was the United Negro College Fund founded?
Dr. Frederick D. Patterson
Who is the founder of the United Negro College Fund?
Booker T. Washington
Who founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama to train black teachers?
Wilberforce University
What is the first private university founded for black students through the Methodist Episcopal Church?
The Father of Black History
Dr. Carter G. Woodson is known as holding what title?
Madame C.J. Walker
Who became the first black woman millionaire and invented hair care products for black women?
Maggie Lee Walker who founded the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank in Virginia
Who was the first black woman bank president; what was the name of the bank she founded; where was the bank located?
Ralph Bunche
Who was the first African- American to win the Nobel Peace prize?
He helped the leaders of Israel and Egypt reach an agreement and end the war they were fighting
What was the reason Ralph Bunche won the Nobel Peace Prize?
Thurgood Marshall
Who was the first African-American Supreme Court Justice?
Colin Powell
Who was the first African-American of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and he also became the first African-American Secretary of State?
Barack Obama
Who is the first African-American President of the United States of America?
Capatain Dave Harris for American Airlines
Who was the first African-American pilot to fly for a commercial airline; what was the name of the airline?
Leon Sullivan
Who was the first African-American to serve on the Board of Directors of General Motors?
Franklin Raines
Who was the first African-American to become Chairman and CEO of Fannie Mae and to lead a Fortune 500 company?
Pace Phonographical Corporation by Harry Pace in 1921
What was the name of the first record company owned and operated by an African-American; who was the owner/operator; what year was it founded?
Sidney Poitier for "Lillies of the Field" in 1963
Who was the first African-American actor to win an Academy Award; for what movie was the award given; in what year was it awarded?
Charley Pride
Who was the first African-American Country Music Star?
Wilma Rudolph
Who was the first woman to win three Olympic Gold Medals in track?
Ernie Davis
Who was the first African-American football player to win the Heisman Trophy?
Wilt Chamberlain
What basketball player was the first to score 100 points in a single game?
Bill Russell
Who was the first Africa-American head coach in major league sports?
Tony Dungy of the Indianapolis Colts
Which African-American coach was the first to win a superbowl game; what team did he coach?
Ethel Waters in the 1939 play "Mamba's Daughters"
Who was the first African-American actress to star in a braodway play; what was the name of the play; in what year did she play the role?
Arthur Mitchell, who founded the Dance Theatre of Harlem
Who was the first African-American to become a permanent member of a major ballet company?
Phylicia Rashad
Who was the first African-American woman to win a Tony Award for best leading actress?
Henry O. Tanner
Who was the first African-American painter to gain international fame?
Charlotte Ray
Who was the first African-American woman lawyer?
John Roy Lunch at the 1884 Republican National Convention
Who was the first African-American to preside over a national political convention and when?
Cardiss Collin
Who was the first African-American to hold a Democratic Leadership position in the House of Representatives?
Thomas Bradley of Los Angeles and Coleman Young of Detroit
What two African-Americans became mayors of two large cities and what were the cities they mayored?
Michelle Obama
Who was the first African-American woman to become First Lady of the United States?
Dr. Mae Jemison
Who was the first African-American woman astronaut?
Guion S. Bluford, on August 30, 1983, flew aboard the space shuttle Challenger at the Kennedy Space Center
Who was the first African-American in space; what was the name of the shuttle; what month, date and year did the shuttle fly?
Bernard A. Harris
Who was the first African-American to walk in space?
Stokely Carmichael
Who was the first to popularize the slogan, "Black Power"?
Daniel Hale Williams
Who is the first African-American to successfully perform open heart surgery?
Provident Hospital in Chicago
What is the name of the first black owned U.S. hospital that Dr. Daniel Hale Williams founded and trained black doctors and black nurses, and where is it located?
Dr. George Washington
Who invented over 300 products from the peanut?
Dr. Charles Drew
Who is the first African-American to discover a method to store blood and who made blood banks more effective?
Oprah Winfrey
Who was the first African-American woman to host a television program for 25 years and now owns her own network?
Maya Angelou
Who was the first African-American woman to write and read her poem at President Bill Clinton's inauguration in 1993?
Lorraine Hansberry and the play was "Raisin in the Sun"
What African-American woman was the first to write a broadway play?
John H. Johnson
Who founded Ebony and Jet magazines?
Thomas Dorsey
Who is known as the "Father of Gospel Music"?
Aretha Franklin
Who is named the "Queen of Soul"?
Berry Gordy, Jr.
Who is the founder of Motown Records in Detroit, Michigan?
The Supremes and The Temptations
What two singing groups created the "Motown Sound"?
James Brown
Who is named the "Godfather of Soul"?
Jesse Owens
Who is the first person in history to win four gold medals in track and field at the Olympic Games in 1936?
Jackie Robinson
Who became the first black player in Major League BAseball in 1947?
Muhammad Ali
Who is the only boxer to win the heavyweight championship three times?
Michael Jordan
What African-American led the Chicago Bulls to six National BAsketball Association championships?
Jamie Foxx
What African-American won an Academy Award for playing the role of Ray Charles in the movie, "Ray"?
Dr. Benjamin Carson
What African-American doctor performed history-making surgery by separating tins joined at the head in 1987?
Shirley Chisholm
Who is the only black woman to run for President of the U.S. (1972) and was re-elected for Congress six times?
Rosa Parks
What African-American woman made history when she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man?
Reverend Jesse Jackson
What African-American, Greenville, S.C., founded P.U.S.H. and he ran for President of the U.S. in 1988, but (of course) lost?
People United to Serve Humanity
What does P.U.S.H. stand for?
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Which President of the U.S. signed the Voting Rights Act in 1965?
Mary McLeod Bethune
What African-American educator from Maysville, S.C., founded Bethune-Cookman College (in Florida) and the National Council of Negro Women, Inc.?
J. Douglas Wilder
Who is the first black elected governor in the United States during the 21st century?
Congress of Racial Equality
What doe CORE mean?
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Who is the only African-American honored by a national holiday?
Vanessa Williams
Who was the first African-American woman to win the title of "Miss America"?
Matthew A. Henson
Who was the first African-American man to reach the North Pole?
April 4, 1968
On what date was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated?
Memphis, Tennessee
Where did the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. take place?
Dr. Kirkland
Who was the first African-American surgeon at Spartanburg Regional Hospital?
Jane Bolin
What African-American woman was the first to become a United States judge?
Illinois
What was the first state to declare Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday a legal holiday?
Wynona Douglas
Who was the first African-American female to integrate Spartanburg High School?
James "Patch" Talley
Who was the first African-American male to become mayor of Spartanburg?
Tyrone Gilmore
Who was the first African-American male to hold office of Superintendent of School District 7 in Spartanburg?
Barbara Maxton
What African-American woman introduced and initiated Gamma Phi Delta Sorority, Inc., to Spartanburg?
Albert Gray
Who was the first African-American to integrate Wofford College?
Rudolph Dawkins for Dawkins Middle School
Who was the first African-American educator that had a middle school named after him?
April Tyese Thomas
Who was the first African-American to hold the title of "Miss Dorman High School"?
Tony Fisher
Who was the first African-American to become police chief of Spartanburg?
Douglas Jones
Who was the first African-American to graduate from Wofford College?
John Standard
Who invented the refrigerator July 14, 1891?
Sarah Boone
Who invented the ironing board in 1892?
Garrett Morgan
Who invented the traffic signal?
Lewis Latimer
Who invented the incandescent light bulb in 1881?
Alexander Miles
Who invented the elevator?
G.F. Grant
Who invented the elevator?
Granville T. Woods
Who invented the boiler furnace?
P.B. Downing
Who invented the mailbox?
L.C. Bailey
Who invented the folding bed?
Jan Matzeliger
Who invented the shoe making machine?
W.H. Richardson
Who invented the baby carriage?
George Washington Carver
Who was responsible for more than 300 products created from the peanut, including soap and ink; 118 products from the sweet potato, including flour, shoe polish, and candy; 75 products from the pecan, and many other products from cotton, dyes, and wood shavings?