Coding Terms: Quiz 3 ("The Universal Machine", "Program Power", and "What is Computer Science")

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Terms in this set (...)

computer
-A machine that stores and manipulates information under the control of a changeable program
-A device for manipulating information
computer program
A detailed, step-by-step set of instructions that tells a computer exactly what to do
execute
To _________________ a program means to make the computer carry out the program instructions.
software
computer programs that tell the computer what to do
hardware
the physical parts of the computer and its extensions
computer science
The study of what can be computed is called __________ _________. This study uses many techniques, mainly: design, analysis, and experimentation.
design
The process of developing a system that can solve some problem is called ___________.
analysis
1. The process of studying a problem and figuring out what a computer program might do to solve it.

2. To study a problem to determine some of its properties
algorithm
A detailed sequence of steps for carrying out some process.
Example: a recipie
intractable
A problem is called _____________ when it is too difficult to be solved in practice, usually because it would take too long.
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