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57 terms

Health, Wellness, and Fitness

STUDY
PLAY
Health Triangle
balance between physical, mental, and social health
Physical Health
refers to how well your body functions
Components of Physical Health
exercise, nutrition sleep, free of alcohol & drugs, weight management
Mental Health
the ability to accept yourself and others, express and manage emotions, and deal with the demands and challenges you meet in your life
Components of Mental Health
learning, stress management, mental illnesses or disorders
Social Health
refers to how well you get along with others
Components of Mental Health
Public health, family relationships, peer relationships
Wellness
an overall state of well-being, or total health
Health
the general condition of body and mind
Prevention
practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury
Influences on Health
Heredity, Environment, Peers and Social Environment, Culture, Attitude, Behavior, Media, Technology
Heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Environment
all of the surrounding things, conditions, and influences affecting the growth or development of living things.
Culture
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
Attitude
a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways
Behavior
manner of acting or conducting yourself
Media
term applied to agencies of mass communication, such as newspapers, magazines, and telecommunications
Technology
the ways in which people apply knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs
5 Components of Fitness
Cardiorespiratory Endurance
Muscular Strength
Muscle Endurance
Flexibility
Body Composition
Physical Activity
any form of movement that causes your body to use energy
Physical Fitness
the ability to handle the physical demands of everyday life without becoming overly tired
Sedentary Lifestyle
a way of life that involves little physical activity
Diabetes
serious disorder that prevents the body from converting food into energy
Osteoporosis
a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, producing porous and fragile bones
Metabolism
process by which your body gets energy from food
Cardiorespiratory Endurance
the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to utilize and send fuel and oxygen to the body's tissues during long periods of moderate-to-vigorous activity
Muscular Strength
the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort
Muscle Endurance
the ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued
Flexibility
the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion
Body Composition
the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue, including muscle, bone, water, and connective tissue such as ligaments, cartilage, and tendons
Measure for Muscular Endurance
Mile Run
Pacer
Measure for Muscular Strength
Push Up Test
Measure for Muscular Endurance
Sit-up Test
Measure for Flexibility
Sit-and-reach
Measure for Body Composition
Skinfold Test
Aerobic Exercise
all rhythmic activities that use large muscle groups for an extended period of time
Anaerobic Exercise
exercise that uses a lot of oxygen in a short period of time and faster than your body can supply it.
Isometric Exercise
activity that uses muscle tension to improve muscular strength with little or no movement of the body part
Example of Isometric Exercise
pushing against a wall or any other immovable object
Isotonic Exercise
activity that combines muscle contraction with repeated movement
Example of Isotoic Exercise
doing calisthenics, push-ups, pull-ups, sit-ups; using a rowing machine
Isokinetic Exercise
exercise that involves moving a muscle through a range of motion against a resistance that changes
Example of Isokinetic Exercise
using a stationary bike or treadmill designed to control resistance and speed
Overload
working the body harder than it is normally worked
Progression
the gradual increase in overload necessary to achieve higher levels of fitness
Specificity
particular exercises and activities improve particular areas of health-related fitness
warm-up
an activity that prepares the muscles for work
workout
the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
F.I.T.T
frequency, intensity, time, type
Frequency
how often you do the activity each week
Intensity
how hard you work at the activity per session
Time
how much time you devote to a session
Type
which activities you select
cool-down
an activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state
resting heart rate
the number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active
target heart rate zone
a heart rate range within which the most gains in cardiorespiratory health will occur
Risk Behaviors
actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others