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a person, place, thing, or idea


a word that takes the place of a noun


all the words that tell whom or what the sentence is about


a word or words used to express an action, a condition, or a state of being


a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun


used as an adjective; "a" and "an" are called indefinite articles; "the" is called the definite article


a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb; it answers the questions how, when, where, and to what extent

direct object

a noun or pronoun that names the receiver of the action; answers the questions what or who after an action verb

indirect object

a noun or pronoun that tells to what or to whom or for what or for whom an action is done

predicate noun

a noun that follows a linking verb and identifies or renames the subject

predicate adjective

an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies or describes the subject


a word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence


a word that is used to join words or group of words


a word or phrase used to express emotion - Wow!


a group of words that contains a subject and a verb

independent clause

a clause that expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence

dependent clause

a clause that does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone

simple sentence

one independent clause

compound sentence

one independent clause + one independent clause

complex sentence

one independent clause + one dependent clause

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