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Chapter 4 Theology test
Terms in this set (53)
______had the great church, Holy Wisdom, Hagai Sophia, built.
_____were the church leaders in the early Christian communities of major cities.
Earliest Patriarchs were in ____, ______, and ______.
Jerusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch
______ was spoken in the Eastern Church and Latin in the Western Church.
_____ in the 4th century spoke against persecution of Jews because they are the roots of the Christian faith.
Augustine of Hippo
______ received messages from God in Mecca in 610 AD.
Many Meccans joined Muhammed, but the _____ threatened them.
Muslims fled to Yathrib. This flight is called the ___ and marks the beginning of Islam.
The _____ is the Islamic holy book.
Muslim expansion into Europe was stopped by _____ at the Battle of Tours, on the outskirts of Paris.
_____ were three days of penance and prayer before Ascension Thursday
_____ dated the Christian calendar from the birth of Jesus, designated as AD and AC (Ante Christum)
____ was a small building next to a Church where Baptisms were held.
With the increase of infant baptisms and fewer by full immersion, baptisms were celebrated in ________
small fonts inside the Church
Celibacy for priests became standard in 1123 at the _____
First Lateran Council
Up until the 7th century, Christians who had committed serious sin could do ______, through the local bishop. This could be done just once in a lifetime.
Columban and Irish monks spread ______
______ became the standard form of the Sacrament
______ were left to the Civil Authorities by the early Church leaders
_____ was born in England and taken as a slave for 6 years to Ireland when he was 16 years old
_____ referred to himself as the Servant of the Servants of God
Pope Gregory the Great
_____ sent Augustine of Canterbury to England to convert the English
A legend said that Gregory saw some boys from England being sold as slaves in Rome, and he said that they were not "Angles" but "______", or angels.
The _____ was a meeting of Celtic and Roman clergy. They decreed that England would follow Roman Church customs, such as the date for Easter.
Synod of Whitby
_____ was an English monk who wrote the Ecclesiastical History of the English Church and people in 731
_____was male dominated, but Celtic culture gave more equality to women.
The Synod of Whitby was supervised by the ______
Abbess of Hilda
____ women could own property, receive equal education, have equal status under the law, and at times were warriors
_____ was advised by Gregory the Great to let the old temples in England stand and transform them into Christian Churches
Augustine of Canterbury
____, the Apostle to germany, had a different approach from Patrick and Augustine. He chopped down the sacred tree of their god Thor and built a chapel with it. When he wasn't struck down, the people came to believe in Christianity.
The Franks were a Germanic tribe who were "____" of the Romans, meaning that they were partners and not enemies.
____ was the son of Charles Martel and was crowned King of the Franks by Boniface
Pepin the Short
Pepin rewarded the Pope by ______
giving him a wide strip of land in the middle of Italy
This donation of Pepin became the _____
Pepin's son, _____ (later known as _____), was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III.
______ was taken as an insult to the emperor in Constantinople, but this celebrated the reality that the Frankish kings and not the Emperor held power in Europe.
Pope Leo III's crowning of charlemagne
Name three ancient patriarchates:
Rome, Constantinople, Jerusalem
What led Muhammad to preach Islam?
Experience of God and Angel Gabriel appearing to him; wrote and it spread
What was the result of the Battle of Tours?
Charles stopped Muslims outside of Paris-stop Islamic faith from spreading into Europe
What legend led Pope Gregory to seek coverts in England?
Saw boys being sold as slaves-saw that they were angels not angles
Contrast the missionary activity of Patrick with that of Boniface.
Patrick-love irish people, christianized them Boniface- confrontational, christianized germans
Explain and critique the creation of the Papal States
created when pep in gave wide strip of land to pope in italy-gives pope more power, but also caused pope to become secular leader than spiritual
Compare the position of women in Celtic and Roman society
Celtic women equal status with men under the law, Roman women secondary status-no property or education
Why did the crowning of Charlemagne insult the emperor in Constantinople?
Emperor thought he was in charge of the whole empire, when pope makes someone else emperor of small part he thinks his power is being taken away
the holy book of islam
apostle to the germans
mayor of palace who defeated the muslims
apostle to irish
pope who sent missionaries to english
Gregory the Great
a vase who built double monastary
bishop in early church who spoke out against persecuting jews
augustine of hippo
public buildings turned into Churches
sent by pope gregory to christianize the english
augustine of canterbury
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