Apush unit 1 sg
Terms in this set (52)
Three sister farming
Agricultural system and ploy by North American Indians as early as the thousand CE maze beans and squash with them together to maximize deals
Pueblo Indian pavilion that Spanish settlers from New Mexico
Maryland Pennsylvania and. Bbbnbbb
Delaware Delaware under the control of local proprietors. Who appointed colonial governors
Legal principle that the oldest son in here it's all family property or land landowners younger sons forced to seek their fortunes elsewhere pioneered early exclamation and settlement of the Americas
Also known as sumptuary laws they're designed to restrict personal behavior in accord with a strict code of morality blue laws were passed across the colonies particularly in Puritan new England and quaker Pennsylvania
Act of toleration
Pause the Maryland It gurenteed toleration to all Christians but decreed the death penalty today's like choose an atheist divided the divinity of Jesus Christ ensure that Maryland who would continue to attract a hyper portion of catholic migraines throughout the colonial period
Drafted by settlers in the Connecticut River Valley this document was the first modern constitution establishing a democratically controlled government
Edict of nantes
Decree issued by the French crowd granting wanted to toleration of French Protestants and did religious wars in France
On official policy of relaxed world control over colonial trade in only week enforcement of navigation
Head right system
Employed in the tobacco colonies to encourage the importation of indentured servant's the system allowed an individual to choir 50 acres of land if you paid for the neighbors passage to the colonies
Great English migration
Migration of 70,000 refugees from England to North America colonies primarily New England and in the Caribbean 20,000 migraines we came in Massachusetts largely shared a common sense of purpose to establish a model Christian settlement in the New World
King Phillips war
Series of assaults by MetaCom teen fill up on English settlements in New England be attacked slow the westward migration of New England set alarm for several decades
Armed conflict between the aspiring merchants led by Jacob leiser and meaning elite of New York
Movement to reform the Catholic Church launched in Germany by Martin Luther question authority of pope sought to aluminate selling of indulgences
Began with the Indian attack on new Bern North Carolina
Eventually violent uprising of backcountry settlers in North Carolina against unfair taxation and the control of colonial affairs by the seaboard elite
Religious revival that swept the colonies participating ministers most notably Jonathan Edwards and George Whitfield place in invoices under wrecked emotive spiritually
Dominion of new england
Administrative union created by royal authority incorporating all of New England New York and east and west New Jersey
Relatively peaceful overthrow of the unpopular Catholic monarchs James the second who is replaced with the Dutch board William and Mary
Sad night. When the Aztecs attacked Hernando Cortes and his forces in the Aztec capital killing hundreds Cortez laid siege to the city the following year participating the fall of the Aztec empire in inaugurating three centuries a Spanish rule
Series of laws passed to regulate colonial shipping the act provided that only English ships would be allowed to trade in English and colonial ports that all goods Destin for the colonies would first have to pass to England
Agreement to form a majority government in Plimouth signed aboard the Mayflower created a foundation for self government in the colonies
Belief that salvation is offered to all humans but is conditional on acceptance of God's grace. Different from Clavinism, which emphasizes predestination and unconditional election.
Dominant theological credo of the New England Puritans based on the teachings of John Calvin. Calvinists believed in pre- destination—that only "the elect" were destined for salvation. (46)
Calvinist doctrine that God has foreordained
some people to be saved and some to be damned. Though their fate was irreversible, Calvinists, particularly those who believed they were destined for salvation, sought to lead sanctified lives in order to demonstrate to others that they were in fact members of the "elect." (47)
Self-governing Puritan congregations without the hierarchical establishment of the Anglican Church. (82)
1662): Agreement allowing unconverted off- spring of church members to baptize their children. It signified a waning of religious zeal among second and third generation Puritans. (83
Belief that the elect need not obey the law of either God or man; most notably espoused in the colonies by Anne Hutchinson. (51)
Small regular vessel with a high deck and three tri- angular sails. Caravels could sail more closely into the wind, allowing European sailors to explore the Western shores of Africa, previously made inaccessible due to prevailing winds on the homeward journey. (11)
Large-scale agricultural enterprise growing commercial crops and usually employing coerced or slave labor. European set- tlers established plantations in Africa, South America, the Caribbean, and the American South. (13)
The transfer of goods, crops and diseases between New and Old World societies after 1492. (15
Economic system characterized by private property, generally free trade, and open and accessible markets. European colonization of the Americas, and in particular, the discovery of vast bullion deposits, helped bring about Europe's transition to capitalism. (17)
False notion that Spanish conquerors did little but butcher the Indians and steal their gold in the name of Christ. (24)
Exchange of rum, slaves, and molasses between the North American Colonies, Africa, and the West Indies. A small but immensely profitable subset of the Atlantic trade. (94)
Colonies where governors were appointed
directly by the King. Though often competent administrators, the governors frequently ran into trouble with colonial legislatures, which resented the imposition of control from across the Atlantic. (104)
Colonies—Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware—under the control of local proprietors, who appointed colonial governors. (104)
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Established by non- separating Puritans, it soon grew to be the largest and most influen- tial of the New England colonies. (49)
1585): Sir Walter Raleigh's failed colonial settle- ment off the coast of North Carolina. (28
1607): First permanent English settlement in North
America founded by the Virginia Company. (30)
Legal document granted by a government to some
group or agency to implement a stated purpose, and spelling out the attending rights and obligations. British colonial charters guaranteed inhabitants all the rights of Englishmen, which helped solidify colonists' ties to Britain during the early years of settle- ment. (30)
Transatlantic voyage slaves endured between Africa and the colonies. Mortality rates were notoriously high. (74)
c. 1100 A.D.): Mississippian settlement near present-day East St. Louis, home to as many as 25,000 Native Americans. (10)
Samuel de Champlain
French explorer in the Americas: founder of Quebec; first colonial governor 1633-35.
Italian navigator in Spanish service: traditionally considered the discoverer of America 1492.
Spanish conquistador and explorer, who led a large expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
Bartolome de Las Casas
16th-century Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar. He became the first resident Bishop of Chiapas, and the first officially appointed "Protector of the Indians".
Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of Spain.
Established the Church of England (1559) and put an end to Catholic plots, notably by executing Mary Queen of Scots (1587) and defeating the Spanish Armada (1588).
Sir Francis Drake
English explorer and admiral who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and who helped to defeat the Spanish Armada (1540-1596)
Sir Walter Raleigh
English explorer of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. He is best known for his expeditions to the Americas and for introducing tobacco and the potato, two products of the New World, into England.
first person to dream of a colony in America where Catholics and Protestants could prosper together. He was born in Yorkshire, England and studied at Trinity College at Oxford.