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Terms in this set (29)
interval between entrance of pathogen into body and appearance of first symptoms. ex) chickenpox 14-16 days after exposure)
interval from onset of nonspecific signs and symptoms to more specific symptoms. during this time microorganisms grow and multiply and pt may be capable of spreading dz.
interval when pt manifests signs and symptoms specific to type of infection. ex)strep throat; throat gets sore, painful and swollen.
interval when acute symptoms of infection disappear. length of recover depends on severity of infection and pt's host resistance.
Which risk factor can cause secondary infection?
A)trauma B)heredity C)nutrition D)chronic dz
B)above the elbows
When the nurse is performing surgical hand asepsis, where should the nurse keep his/her hands?
A)below the elbows
B)above the elbows
C)at a comfortable positon
D)at a 45 degree angle
Which Microorganism causes gas gangrene?
________ causes gastroenteritis and urinary tract infection.
______ causes gonorrhea and pelvic inflammatory disease.
_______ causes wound infection and pneumonia.
_____ is a communicable disease. A person with or without symptoms can transmit the virus. It is present in blood and body fluids. It can be spread through sexual contact but not through the fecal-oral route.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
______ ______ _______ infections are transmitted through vehicles such as blood and body fluids.
Infections such as influenza, Ebola, and tuberculosis are _______
1) infectious agent
3)portal of exit
4)mode of transmission
5)portal of entry
Put these cycles in correct sequence for chain of infection.
Mode of transmission
portal of exit
portal of entry
Infections such as Ebola and tuberculosis are transmitted by ________
Which normal flora of the human colon can cause an infection when it enters the bloodstream?
Perform hand hygience
Use gloves when assessing the wound
Use appropriate PPE
A patient who had a hysterectomy 10 days ago has come for a follow-up visit. The patient is experiencing pain and itching at the incision site. The nurse suspects a wound infection and performs an assessment for confirmation. When assessing this patient, what actions should the nurse perform to reduce the spread of infection? Select all that apply.
Call for a senior nurse.
Wait for the laboratory results.
Perform hand-hygiene practices.
Use gloves when assessing the wound.
Use appropriate, personal protective equipment.
it obstructs the normal flushing action of urine flow.
A patient has an indwelling urinary catheter. Why does an indwelling urinary catheter present a risk for urinary tract infection?
Which is the most effective way to control the transmission of infection in health care facilities?
vehicles such as bl and body fl
Which is a mode of transmission for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection?
what is the portal of exit of the influenza virus?
the cost of health care associated infections are reimbursed? true or false
pain, redness, tenderness
A patient who had undergone a hysterectomy 10 days ago came for a follow-up visit. The patient notices purulent drainage at the incision site. The nurse suspects wound infection and performs assessment for confirmation. Which clinical findings would the nurse evaluate? Select all that apply.
infectious agent, source of pathogen growth, a susceptible host.
The nurse is caring for a patient who has a respiratory infection. The nurse understands that an infection occurs in a cycle and involves several elements. What are the elements in the chain of infection? Select all that apply.
An infectious agent
A vaccine schedule
The source of pathogen growth
A clean surrounding
A susceptible host
A patient is suspected of having malaria. Which mode of transmission spreads malaria?
Which microorganism causes gas gangrene?
Scabies spreads through skin contact and the nurse should take _________ precautions.
Measles require __________ precautions.
Diphtheria and pharyngitis require ________ precautions.
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