CIS 1150 Chapter 2
Terms in this set (86)
Located in the header of an e-mail message; the e-mail address of the persons sending, receiving, and optionally, anyone else who is to receive copies.
Advanced Research Project Agency Network (ARPANET)
A national computer network from which the Internet developed.
Web pages contain links to programs called applets, which are written in a programming language called Java. These programs are used to add interest to a website by presenting animation, displaying graphics, providing interactive games, and so forth.
A file, such as a document or worksheet, that is attached to an e-mail message.
A peer-to-peer file-sharing protocol used for distributing large amounts of data over the Internet.
Special Internet software connecting you to remote computers; opens and transfers files, displays text and images, and provides an uncomplicated interface to the Internet and web documents. Examples of --- are Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome.
A type of electronic commerce that involves the sale of product or service from one business to another. This is typically a manufacturer-supplier relationship.
A type of electronic commerce that involves the sale of a product or service to the general public or end users.
Cords used to connect input and output devices to the system unit.
Cascading style sheets (CSS)
Files inserted into HTML document that control the appearance of web pages including layout, colors, and fonts.
Center for European Nuclear Research (CERN)
In Switzerland, where the web was introduced in 1992.
A service offered through Google Plus, for grouping individuals according to common interests or other criteria.
A system that requires a special program known as an e-mail client to be installed on your computer.
Data stored at a server on the Internet and available anywhere the Internet can be accessed.
A type of electronic commerce that involves individuals selling to individuals.
Currency for Internet purchases. Buyers purchase digital cash from a third party (a bank that specializes in electronic currency) by transferring funds from their bank.
The second part of the URL; it is the name of the server where the resource is located. For example www.mtv.com
Process of transferring information from a remote computer to the computer one is using.
Buying and selling goods over the Internet.
A web application that allows one to take educational courses online.
Communicate with anyone in the world who has an Internet address or e-mail account with a system connected to the Internet. You can include a text message, graphics, photos, and file attachments.
A special program that communicates with the e-mail service provider and must be installed on the computer first.
One of the best known social networking sites.
Communities of individuals who share common interest on Facebook.
Often used by businesses and public figures to promote ideas, products, and services.
An individual's Facebook page, which may include photos, lists of personal interests, contact information, and other personal information.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
Internet service for uploading and downloading files.
(1) A filter blocks access to selected websites. (2) A filter will located or display records from a table that fit a set of conditions or criteria when using programs like Excel.
An individual on a list of contacts for an instant messaging server.
A combination of some of Google's previously existing services with some new services, many of which are similar to Facebook's services.
A service offered through Google Plus, for communicating with up to 10 people at a time.
A typical e-mail has three elements: ---, message, and signature. The --- appears first and includes addresses, subject, and attachments.
The sites that a search engine returns after running a keywords search, ordered from most likely to least likely to contain the information requested.
Connection or link to other documents or web pages that contain related information.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
Programming language that creates document files used to display web pages.
Instant Messaging (IM)
A program allowing communication and collaboration for direct, "live" connections over the Internet between two or more people.
A huge computer network available to everyone with a personal computer and a means to connect to it. It is the actual physical network made up of wires, cables, and satellites as opposed to the web, which is multimedia interface to resources available on the Internet.
Internet Security Suite
Collection of utility programs designed to make using the Internet easier and safer.
Internet service provider (ISP)
Provides access to the internet.
A scripting language that adds basic interactivity to web pages.
A connection to related information.
The premier business-oriented social networking site.
For browsers to connect to resources, locations or addresses must be specified. Also known as uniform resource locators or URLs.
The content portion of e-mail correspondence.
Publishes short sentences that only take a few seconds to write, rather than log stories or posts like a traditional blog.
Special browsers designed to run on portable devices.
Being connected to the Internet is described as being online.
Program that is automatically loaded and operates as part of a browser.
An Internet-based medium for delivering music and movie files from the Internet to a computer.
Rules for exchanging data between computers. The protocol http:// is the most common.
Specialized programs assisting in locating information the web and the Internet.
Organizations that maintain databases relating to information provided on the Internet and also provide search engines to locate information.
Provides additional information about a sender of an e-mail message, such as name, address, and telephone number.
SMS (Short messaging Service)
Texting or process of sending a short electronic message using a wireless network to another person.
Using the Internet to connect individuals.
Unwelcome and unsolicited e-mail that can carry attached viruses.
Also referred to as spam filter. Software that uses a variety of different approaches to identify and eliminate spam or junk mail.
A Google Plus service that automatically provides news on selected topics of interest and facilitates sharing this information with others to spark further discussion.
Specialized Search Engine
Search engine that focuses on subject-specific websites.
Special program that continually looks for new information and updates a search server's databases.
Located in the header of an e-mail message; a one-line description used to present the topic of the message.
Text Messaging (texting)
The process of sending a short electronic message typically less than 160 characters using a wireless network to another person who views the message on a mobile device, such as a smartphone.
Top-level domain (TLD)
Last part of an Internet address; identifies the geographic description or organizational identification. For example, using AOL.com, the .com is the top-level domain code and indicates it is a commercial site. Also see Domain Name.
The most popular microblogging site that enables you to add new content from your browser, instant messaging application, or even a mobile phone.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
For browsers to connect you to resources on the web, the location or address of the resources must be specified. The addresses are called URLs.
Process of transferring information from the computer the user is operating to a remote computer.
Hidden instructions that migrate through networks and operating systems and become embedded in different programs. They may be designed to destroy data or simply to display messages.
Introduced in 1992, and prior to the web the Internet was all text. The web made it possible to provide a multimedia interface that includes graphics, animations, sound, and video.
The first generation of the web, which focused on linking existing information.
The second generation of the web, which evolved to support more dynamic content creation and social interaction.
The third generation of the web, which focuses on computer-generated information requiring less human interaction to locate and to integrate.
Similar to traditional auctions except that all transactions occur over the web; buyers and sellers seldom meet face to face.
Web-based e-mail system
An e-mail system that does not require an e-mail program to be installed on your computer.
Web-based file transfer services
A type of file transfer service that uses a web browser to upload and download files, allowing you to copy files to and from your computer across the Internet.
An Internet delivery medium that uses streaming technology, in which audio and video files are continuously downloaded to a computer while the user is listening to and/or viewing the file content.
A type of personal website where articles are regularly posted.
E-mail that uses a webmail client.
A special program that runs on an e-mail provider's computer that supports webmail.
Develops and maintains websites and web resources.
Browsers interpret HTML documents to display web pages.
Identifies type of organization in a URL.
Specialized utility programs making the Internet and the web easier and safer. Some examples are plug-ins that operate as part of a browser and filters that block access and monitor use of selected websites.
A website that allows people to fill in missing information or correct inaccuracies on it by directly editing the pages.
An online encyclopedia, written and edited by anyone who wants to contribute.
Typically a small plug-in USB or ExpressCard device that provides very portable high-speed connectivity from virtually anywhere.