91 terms

Government/Politics

What issues are important to you? Do you think it is important for people to vote and participate in government? Describe your government. How does it work? How is the US government similar to and different from the government in your country? What are the qualities and actions of an effective government?
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

citizen
He is a _________ of the U.S. = someone who legally belongs to a country; a member of society
right
In the U.S. people have the _______ to vote when they are 18. = something that you are morally, legally, or officially allowed to do or have
issue
Abortion is a big ________ in the U.S. = a subject or problem that is often discussed or argued about,
conservative
He has a __________ attitude about marriage and doesn't support same-sex marriage. = not liking changes or new ideas
liberal
The new laws about marijuana are quite _________. = supporting or allowing gradual political and social changes
representative
In the U.S., each state elects ___________ to make laws in Washington D.C. = someone who has been chosen to speak, vote, or make decisions for a person, group, state, etc.
election
In the U.S. the presidential _________ is held every four years. = when people vote to choose someone for an official position
Republican
Donald Trump is in the _________ party. = a political group that favors small government and is conservative on many social issues.
Democratic
Hilary Clinton is in the ________ party. = a political groups that supports government programs for the poor and is liberal on many social issues.
appoint
The president has the power to _________ many people in government. = to choose someone for a position or a job
equality
____________ is a very important part of the U.S. government. = a situation in which people have the same rights, advantages etc
democracy
The U.S. is a _________. = a system of government in which every citizen in the country can vote to elect its government officials:
monarchy
In the old days, many countries were ruled by __________. = the system in which a country is ruled by a king or queen
socialist
Some European countries have a _________ form of government. = an economic and political system in which large industries are owned by the government, and taxes are used to take some wealth away from richer citizens and give it to poorer citizens
capitalist
The U.S. has a ___________ system of government. = an economic and political system in which businesses belong mostly to private owners, not to the government
fascism
Nazi Germany was a _________ government. = a type of government which is ruled by a dictator who controls the lives of the people and they are not allowed to disagree with the government
communist
Cuba and Vietnam are examples of _________ countries. = a political system in which the government controls the production of all food and goods, and there is no privately owned property
federal
In the U.S., there is a __________ law that allows abortion. = relating to the central government of a country such as the US, rather than the government of one of its states
state
In the U.S., there are many different _________ laws about marijuana. = related to the different parts of a country such as California, New York, etc.
authority
The President of the U.S. does not have the ________ to declare war on a country. Only Congress can do that. = the power you have because of your official position
public
He is interested in ________ service. = relating to the government and the services it provides for people
diplomacy
____________ is an important skill for presidents. = the job or activity of managing the relationships between countries
elected
Barack Obama was _________ president in 2008. = to choose someone for an official position by voting
defeated
Obama ___________ Romney in 2012. = to win a victory over someone in an election, war, competition, game etc
budget
The Congress discussed the national ___________. = the plan of how money will be spent
nominated
In 2016, the Republican Party _____________ Donald Trump for president. = to officially suggest someone or something for an important position, duty, or prize
compromise
The senator were able to __________ about the gun control laws. = to reach an agreement in which everyone involved accepts less that what they wanted at first
negotiate
The government will not __________ with terrorists. = to discuss something in order to reach an agreement, especially in business or politics
radical
He has ________ ideas about the economy. = ideas that are very new and different, and against what most people think or believe
reform
They are trying to ________ the health care system. = to improve a system, law, organization etc by making a lot of changes to it, so that it operates in a fairer or more effective way
regulations
There are new __________ about the use of marijuana. = rules about how something is used, sold, done, etc
revolution
There was a ___________ in the country. = a time when people change a ruler or political system by using force or violence
policy
There is a new ________ about homework and testing. = a way of doing something that has been officially agreed and chosen by a political party, business, or other organization
left-wing
It is a __________ newspaper. = supports ideas related to socialism and/or communism; liberal
right-wing
He is a ________ commentator on the news. = supports ideas related to free market capitalism; conservative
official
He made an __________ announcement. = approved of or done by someone in authority, especially the government
treaty
Both sides have agreed to sign the _________. = a formal written agreement between two or more countries or governments:
ratified
They hope that Congress ________ the treaty. = to make a written agreement official by signing it
proposed
They __________ cuts to the budget. = to suggest something as a plan or course of action
approved
They __________ the plan for the budget. = to officially accept a plan, proposal etc:
veto
The president can ________ a law that Congress passes. = when someone with power refuses to allow something even after it was approved by others
infrastructure
The country needs to develop its __________. = the basic systems and things that a country needs in order to work properly, for example roads, electricity, banks, internet etc:
provide
Some people say the government should _________ free healthcare. = to give something to someone or make it available to them
restricts
The new law _________ the sale of guns. = to limit or control the size, amount, or range of something
voted
He __________ for Obama in 2012. = to choose somebody or something by marking a paper, raising your hand, etc.
poll
A recent _________ found that 60% of the country said that the president is doing a good job. = the process of finding out what people think about something by asking many people the same question
bill
The House of Representative passed a new _______ about gun control. = a written proposal for a new law, which is brought to Congress so that it can be discussed
senator
A _________ has a term of 6 years in the U.S. and there are two from every state. = an elected official who represents a state in Washington D.C.
executive
The president is in the ___________ branch of government. = the part of a government that carries out laws and runs the country
legislative
The _____________ branch consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. = the part of the government that makes laws, decides on the budget, declares war, etc.
judicial
The highest course in the __________ branch is the Supreme Court. = relating to the law, judges, or their decisions
governor
The __________ of California is Jerry Brown. = the leader of a state
mayor
The _________ spoke to a group of business owners. = the leader of a city or town
repeal
Some people want to __________ the law about abortion. = when the courts officially end a law
unanimous
It was a _________ decision. = everyone agreed
lobbying
They are __________ lobbying for new environmental laws. = to try to persuade the government or someone with political power that a law or situation should be changed
campaigned
She _______ for Barack Obama in 2012. = worked with a group to help get someone elected
primary
Hilary Clinton won the democratic ________ election in 2016. = the first election that each party has to choose their candidate
candidate
In 2012, Mitt Romney was the presidential ____________ of the Republican party. = person competing for an election
debate
During the ____________, the candidates talked about topics like immigration and climate change. = a formal discussion in which 2 or more people express their opinions about different topics and try to win with stronger arguments.
majority
The ___________ of senators support this bill. = more than 50% (or sometimes more than 2/3)
society
Politicians should do what is best for the whole __________. = all the people, groups, etc in a country
county
Concord is in Contra Costa ___________. = an area in the US that usually includes several cities and land in between them.
responsibility
We all have a __________ to protect the environment. = something that you ought to do because it is morally or socially right [= duty]
individual
She believes in the rights of the __________ to make decisions about who they marry. = a person, considered separately from the rest of the group or society that they live in
welfare
Some of the people were on __________. = money that is paid by the government in the US to people who are very poor or unemployed
running
She is __________ for the Senate this year. = trying to get elected to a public office.
Supreme Court
There are nine justices on The ________. = the highest court in the U.S., which makes decisions about what is Constitutional (2 words)
The Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution are called the ________. (3 words)
Constitution
The __________ is the highest law in the U.S. and describes how the government works. It was written in 1787.
amendment
The 19th __________ was passed in 1919 and gave women the right to vote = a change in the Constitution
Congress
The president needs the support of _________. = the group of people elected to make laws in the US, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives
checks and balances
The U.S. government is based on the idea of ___________. = a system when each of the three branches of government can limit the powers of the others. This way, no one branch becomes too powerful. (3 words)
branches
There are three main __________ of government in the U.S. = parts or sections
in favor of
He is ____________ the new gun control law. = supports (3 words)
controversial
Abortion is a very ___________ issue in the U.S. = many people disagree and have strong opinions about this
protest
People were __________ the new gun law. = to come together to publicly express disapproval or opposition to something
rally
There was a big ___________ to support the candidate. = a large public meeting, especially one that is held outdoors to support a political idea, protest etc
registered
They went out to ________ voters. = to put someone's or something's name on an official list so that they can vote
protect
Some government laws are there to _________ people from big business. = to keep someone or something safe from harm, damage, or illness
position
What is your __________ on the death penalty? = your opinion, especially whether you are for or against something
donated
Many people _________ money to support Obama in 2012. = give money to a person or organization to help them
ballots
After the vote, they officials checked the _________. = a piece of paper on which you make a secret vote
signature
They collected __________ of people to support the environment. = when you write your name to show support or agree to do something
petition
She signed a ________ to support protection of the environment. = a written request signed by a lot of people, asking someone in authority to do something or change something
proposition
In 1978 ________ reduced property taxes in California, which cut the budget for schools. = a suggested change or addition to a state law, which citizens vote on
House of Representatives
The __________ is part of the federal legislative branch (that makes laws). It has 435 members from the 50 states in the U.S. (3 words)
Secretary
Hillary Clinton was _________ of State under Obama. = The person in charge of the State Department, which handles relations and projects with foreign countries.
sanction
The U.S. had _________ against Cuba for many years but lifted them recently. = official orders or laws stopping trade, communication etc with another country, as a way of forcing its leaders to make political changes
abolished
The U.S. _____________ slavery in 1865. = officially ended by law forever.
legalized
Some states have __________ marijuana. = made legal

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.