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NAVEDTRA 14295B, Chapter 20
Terms in this set (33)
What is a sterile pad or compress (usually made of gauze or cotton wrapped in gauze) used to cover wounds to control bleeding and prevent further contamination?
Dressings should be large enough to cover the entire area of the wound and extend at least what amount in every direction beyond the wound edges?
Most prepackaged battle dressings are how many tailed bandages for use in bandaging extremity, abdominal, and head wounds?
Roller along with what other type of bandages are the most common types of bandages?
What type of bandage is ideal for the head and wrist?
What is one of the most difficult parts of the body to bandage due to its shape?
What are triangular bandages usually made of?
What is a small and lightweight one-handed tourniquet that completely occludes arterial blood flow in an extremity?
Combat Application Tourniquet
What type of medical device measures the oxygen saturation of a patient's blood and changes in blood volume in the skin, producing a photoplethysmograph?
Crystalloids along with what else are the two types of fluids used for intravenous drips?
What is the most commonly type of crystalloid fluid?
The amount of normal saline infused depends on the need of the patient (ongoing diarrhea or heart failure) but is typically between 1.5 and how many liters a day for an adult?
What is a synthetic plasma expander that works by producing expansion of plasma blood volume?
What device offers an alternative route for administering fluids and medications when it is difficult to establish IV access in casualties in shock?
United States oxygen cylinders are color coded green, silver, or chrome with a green area around the valve stem on top. What is the international color code?
What was designed to help ventilate an unconscious casualty for long periods while delivering high concentrations of oxygen?
Cardiac output is cut to what percent of the normal capacity when using external cardiac compressions?
What is provided for emergency use in compartments containing insufficient oxygen?
Oxygen Breathing Apparatus (OBA)
How many feet long is the standard steel wire cable Navy lifeline?
What is the Navy service litter most commonly used for transporting sick or injured persons?
The stokes stretcher is limited to one casualty or how many pounds?
What type of stretcher is constructed of an outer plastic shell with an injected foam core of polyurethane foam?
What type of stretcher was designed for rapid immobilization of spinal and neck injuries in tight places?
What are used in the immobilization of suspected or real fractures of the spinal column?
What is one of the easiest ways to carry a casualty?
Once emergency medical care has been completed on-scene, the patient must be transferred to the treatment facility. What process provides the means of properly positioning, covering, and securing the patient to avoid any unnecessary aggravation to the patient's condition?
How many phases are there to en route care in the military operational environment?
What defines the care to be provided while there is a direct and ongoing threat to the patient and HM?
Care Under Fire (CUF)
What are substances with the potential of harming people or the environment called?
What labeling system indicated the health, flammability, and reactivity hazards of chemicals?
The most dangerous element of any HAZMAT incident both to the exposed casualties and the rescuers is the rescue from the what?
What is the process of removing or neutralizing and properly disposing of contaminants that have accumulated on personnel and equipment called?
What is the most frequently appropriate method of decontamination?
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