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USFP W3 Theories and priorities in US foreign policy
Terms in this set (17)
What does a foreign policy "doctrine" involve?
national interests and threats to these interests;
balance of priorities;
repertoire of actions.
Balance of priorities to consider:
advance the interests of American businesses,
moral standing, rather than strategic usefulness, of its allies,
political conditions in other countries.
Repertoire of actions to consider:
act unilaterally, or with the assistance of allies?
forms of diplomacy.
the multifaceted liberal
the commercial nation-builder
the democratic conqueror
the idealistic world-builder
armed overthrow of undemocratic regimes (Iraq).
Democracy promotion basic premises:
1. democracy is the best form of government;
2. democratic governments are friendlier to the United States. (Democratic peace theory)
Opposition to democracy promotion
1. tragic and costly impossibility of trying to impose democracy by force;
2. Many believe democracy is not the natural order;
3. dangerous backing one side.
"Crusaders" (Crusader Exceptionalism) share belief in universal desirability of democracy, believe oppressed peoples are waiting for...
American help to achieve it.
"Exemplars" (Prophetic Exceptionalism) believe the inherent superiority of democracy makes it desirable to most people, but requires...
American moral leadership.
Containment (Truman/Eisenhower) aimed at
maintaining existing democracies rather than creating new ones.
Détente (Nixon/Kissinger) cared more about
stability than democracy.
Reagan administration distinguished between authoritarian allies and totalitarian enemies, saying...
"he may be a son of a bitch but he's our son of a bitch"
New World Order
Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton saw it as their responsibility to aid the process of democratization and safeguard global liberal democratic order.
humanitarian intervention and "responsibility to protect"
interventions ostensibly not motivated by US national interest (Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo).
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