AP Lit Poetry: Quiz #1
Terms in this set (24)
the repetition at close intervals of initial consonant sounds
ex. wonderful Wednesday, terrific Tuesday, She sells sea shells by the sea shore
a reference, explicit or implicit, to previous history/literature
ex. Achilles' Heel, Pound of Flesh, Sacred Cow, Once in a Blue Moon, Pearls Before Swine
the repetition of vowel sounds at close intervals
ex. I lie down by the side of my bride
a harsh, discordant, unpleasant-sounding arrangement of sounds - especially caused by consonants close together causing a lack of fluidity
ex. rubber baby buggy bumpers, Jabberwock, She sells sea shells by the sea shore
a grammatical /rhetorical pause introduced by a mark of punctuation, causing what would be a natural pause in regular speech
ex. "I hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore"/ "Oh say can you see, by the dawn's early light"
when a word suggests beyond that word's definition
ex. slender and bony have the same meaning but one has a positive ___________ while the other does not
the repetition at close intervals of final consonants sounds
ex. reject and deck; blank and think; dawn and down; litter and batter
two successive rhyming lines
ex. Poetry is so much fun / I think I'd rather stare at the sun
a metaphor that has been used so often that the comparison is no longer vivid
ex. kick the bucket; falling head over heels in love
the dictionary meaning/definition of a word
a metaphor that can run the length of the poem or as far as the writer wants it to go
ex. All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts.
non metrical verse; lines with no fixed metrical pattern
ex. Come slowly, Eden/ Lips unused to thee/ Bashful, sip thy jasmines/ As the fainting bee/ Reaching late his flower/ Round her chamber hums/ Counts his nectars - alights/ And is lost in balms!
a three line Japanese poem consisting of five, seven and five syllables
ex. Reading fulfills me/ Fueling my mind's thirsty tank/ With imaginings
A figure of speech where exaggeration/overstatement is used
ex. raining cats and dogs; love hit him like an avalanche
a metaphor that does not explicitly state the two terms of comparison
ex. Russ swelled and rustled his feathers, strutting down the hall and chirping pretty compliments to the girls.
a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between 2 unlike things
ex. Her eyes were sapphire diamonds that sparkled and could cut with ease.
a metaphor that is out of control and combines its terms so that they are incompatible
ex. Russ swelled and rustled his feathers, slithering down the hall hissing pretty compliments to the girls.
words that mimic their meaning in their sound
ex. snap, sizzle, screech, boom
Non-metrical verse; the opposite of verse (everyday speech, not poetry)
repeated word, phrase, line or group of lines, normally at a fixed place
ex. like the chorus in a song
ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of reforming others
ex. Mark Twain's Huck Finn is a satire of the South around the time of the Civil War; Shrek is a satire of our society's focus on material possessions and physical perfection
a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made using like or as
ex. Her eyes were like diamonds; saving a struggling relationship is like moving mountains
fourteen line poem of two main types, Italian or Elizabethan
ex. See any of Shakespeare's famous ________s. Note that the Elizabethan _________ ends in a couplet, but the Italian sonnet does not.
literature in metrical form; the opposite of prose
ex. all songs and poems - and Shakespeare's plays - are verse, unlike natural speech, or prose