AP Lit Poetry: Quiz #2
Terms in this set (24)
An address to the dead as if living; to the inanimate as if animate; to the absent as if present
ex. Oh, Week, why won't you end? Oh, Starbucks, how much do I love you?
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
ex. Hippolyta, I wooed thee with my sword/
And won thy love, doing thee injuries./ But I will wed thee in another key,/ With pomp, with triumph, and with reveling.
A type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first, but with reversed parts
ex. Beauty is truth, truth beauty
Unusual or surprising comparison between two very different things; a special kind of metaphor first used by the Metaphysical poets
ex. comparing marriage to a flea, or music to a bicycle
A formal sustained poem in honor of a dead person
ex. Whitman - My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still; My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will; The ship is anchor'd safe and sound, its voyage closed and done; From fearful trip, the victor ship, comes in with object won; Exult, O shores, and ring, O bells! But I, with mournful tread/ Walk the deck my Captain lies/ Fallen cold and dead.
Rhyme used at the end of a line to echo the end of another line
ex. Poe - Once upon a midnight dreary/ While I wandered weak and weary
The act of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text ex. Explaining how Langston Hughes uses rivers to represent his proud African-American heritage
A word or words that are inaccurate literally but call to mind sensations or responses that the thing described evokes
ex. The water of my mind crashes about in the turbulent storm of knowledge
figure of speech
A form of expression in which words are used out of the usual sense in order to make the meaning more specific
ex. Let me give you a piece of my mind
The use of images to create a strong unified sensory impression
ex. Thorns ripped at her dress and the souls of her feet as she scrambled through the wild brush
Rhyme that occurs within a line of verse
ex. And since we all came from a woman/ got our name from a woman and our game from a woman/ I wonder why we take from our women/ why we rape our women. Do we hate our women? - Tupac
A short poem that tells a story (usually humorous) and has the following structure: five lines total. The first, second, and fifth lines have seven to ten syllables, rhyme, and have the same verbal rhythm. Lines three and four are shorter (five to seven syllables), and rhyme with each other and have the same rhythm.
ex. There was a Young Lady whose chin/Resembled the point of a pin:/ So she had it made sharp,/ And purchased a harp,/ And played several tunes with her chin. (by Edward Lear
Form of understatement where the positive is emphasized through the negative
ex. When I came in three hours after curfew last night, my parents were not very happy with me.
A figure of speech in which a person, place or thing is referred to by something closely associated with it
ex. The president of the United States is often referred to as the White House or the Oval Office. The Queen of England is referred to as The Crown.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a phrase
ex. jumbo shrimp, ice burn, silence screams, cruel kindness
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts or attitudes
ex. The flowers danced in the wind.
A play on words based on the multiple meanings of a single word
ex. sun vs. son, night vs. knight, rain vs. reign
A poem consisting of four lines or four lines of a poem that can be considered a unit
rhyme or rime
A repetition of identical or similar sounds in two or more different words; it includes the agreement of vowel sounds in assonance and the repetition of consonant sounds in consonance and alliteration
A rise and fall produced by the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language
A group of lines whose metrical pattern is repeated throughout the poem (like a paragraph in an essay)
A person, place, thing or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself
ex. A dove represents peace; light represents knowledge; apples represent temptation
A figure of speech in which a part represents the whole
ex. Some people refer to their cars as their wheels. A boat is often referred to as a sail.
A statement that says less than what is meant
ex. When I came in three hours after curfew last night, my parents were more than a little upset with me.