27 terms

American Government Chapter 11 Vocabulary

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Expressed Powers
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out, expressly in the constitution; also called the "enumerated powers."
Implied Powers
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are suggested by the expressed powers set out in the constitution; those "necessary and proper" to carry out the expressed powers.
Inherent Powers
Powers the constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Government because it is the Government of a sovereign state within the world community.
Strict Constructionist
One who argues a narrow interpretation of the constitution's provisions in particular those granting powers to the national government.
Liberal Constructionist
One who argues a broad interpretation of the provisions of the constitution, particularly those granting powers to the federal government.
Consensus
General agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; broad agreemtne on public questions.
Tax
A charge levied by government on persons or property to meet public needs.
Direct Tax
A tax that must be paid by the person on whom it is levied.
Indirect Tax
A tax levied on one party but passed on to another for payment.
Deficit Financing
Practice of funding government by borrowing to make up the difference between government spending and revenue.
Public Debt
All of the money borrowed by the government and not yet repaid, plus the accrued interest on that money; also called the national debt or federal debt.
Commerce Power
Exclusive power of congress to regulate interstate and foreign trade.
Legal tender
Any kind of money that a creditor must by law, accept in payment for any debts.
Bankruptcy
The legal proceedings by which a bankrupt perons's assets are distributed among those to whom he or she owes debts.
Naturalization
The governmental aquisition of private industry for public use.
Copyright
The exclusive, legal right of a person to reproduce, publish and sell his or her own literacy, musical, or artistic creations.
Patent
A license issued to an inventor granting the exclusive right to manufacture, use, or sell his or her invention for a limited period of time.
Eminent Domain
Power of a government to take private property for public use.
Appropriate
Assign to a particular use.
Necessary and Proper Clause
Constitutional clause that gives Congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers.
Doctrine
Principle of fundamental policy.
Successor
A person who inherits a title or office.
Impeach
To bring formal charges agains a public official; the power of congress.
Acquit
Find not guilty of a charge.
Perjury
The act of lying under oath.
Censure
Issue a formal condemnation
Subpoena
An order for a person to appear and to produce documents or other requested materials.