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the movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lesser concentration
area of the prokaryotic cell in which the single, circular bacterial chromosome is found
type of diffusion where a protein carrier helps with the movement of substances. No ATP required
pyruvate is converted into ethanol and Co2. No ATP generated. Purpose is to regenerate NAD+
not a type of diffusion. at some point substances move against the concentration gradient. (keep going after equilibrium)
lactic acid fermentation
occurs in muscle cells that don't have enough oxygen to break down pyruvate. no ATP generated
nadh dehydrogenase, ubiquinone, cytochrome b-c1, cytochrome c, cytochrome oxidase, atp synthase
proteins in electron transport chain
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