15 terms

Unit 3 Quiz

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Acropolis
A fortified hilltop in an Ancient Greek city
Polis
A Greek city-state - the fundamental political unit of ancient Greece
Philosopher
A thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature of the universe,
human society, and morality
Hagia Sophia
The Cathedral of Holy Wisdom in Constantinople, built by order of the
Byzantine Emperor Justinian
Senate
In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of
aristocrats
Justinian's Code
The body of Roman civil law collected and organized by order of the
Byzantine Emperor Justinian around AD 534
Plato
Wrote the Republic
Socrates
Started a school called the Lyceum
Socrates
Developed the Socratic Method
Direct Democracy
a government in which citizens ruledirectly rather than through representatives
Republic
a form of government in which power is in thehands of representatives and leaders are elected by citi-zens who have the right to vote.
Sparta
Emphasized military training
Athens
Developed Direct Democracy
Alexander the Great
Established an empire including area in Europe, Africa, and Asia; established Hellenistic culture
Hellenistic Culture
cultural blend of Greek, Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influence