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José Martí

exiled Cuban journalist who urged the United States to intervene in Cuba

Theodore Roosevelt

"Rough Rider" who later became President

George Dewey

Admiral who led attack on Spanish ships in the Philippines

William Howard Taft

President known for his "dollar diplomacy"


policy under which stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations


to join a new territory to an existing country


settlement of a dispute by a person chosen to listen to both sides


national pride combined with a desire for an aggressive foreign policy

sphere of influence

areas of economic and political control

Open Door Policy

policy giving the United States equal access to trading rights in China


a grant of land in exchange for a promise to use it for a specific purpose

Roosevelt Corollary

policy that established the United States as "an international police power"


countries that fought against Germany and Austria-Hungary during World War I

Sussex pledge

Germany's promise that its U-boats would warn ships before attacking


speech or actions that encourage rebellion


cease-fire between opponents in a war


organized killing of an entire people

Fourteen Points

President Wilson's program for peace

League of Nations

worldwide organization aimed at ensuring security and peace


payment from one nation to another for economic injury suffered during a war

sought more markets for its goods

The United States followed a policy of expansionism in the late 1800s because the nation

warning Great Britain to back out of a territorial dispute with Venezuela

The United States reaffirmed the Monroe Doctrine in the late 1800s by

free Cuba from Spanish rule

A main goal of the US during the Spanish-American War was to

American expansionism

The Monroe Doctrine and social Darwinism contributed to

restore the country's pioneer spirit

Expansionists, such as Frederick Jackson Turner, argued that a quest for empire would

Frederick Jackson Turner

Who argued that a quest for empire would restore the country's pioneer spirit?

economic investment

President Taft was known for a foreign policy based on

costs of expansion

Anti-imperialists also objected to the

keep their competitive edge

To others, foreign lands were new frontiers that would help Americans

gain access to foreign markets

Imperialist argued that the US needed to

supported unpopular governments

People in foreign lands turned against the US when it

Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare

A major factor in the decision of the US to enter WWI

segregated and rarely allowed to fight

African American troops were

they did not want the US to join the League of Nations

"Irreconcilable" senators opposed the Versailles Treaty because

the web of alliances European nations created for their defense

An underlying cause of WWI was

German U-boats would warn ships before attacking

Under the terms of the Sussex pledge, the German government promised that

accept his plan for the League of Nations

President Wilson convinced the Allies to

they feared it would weaken the country's independence

Many senators opposed American entry into the League of Nations because

more willing to join the Allies

After the Russian Revolution, Americans were

increase farm output and reduce waste

Herbert Hoover, head of the Food Administration, worked to

international security and stability

Wilson's goal for the League of Nations was

Fourteen Points

President Wilson's proposal in 1918 for a postwar European peace.


nonparticipation in a dispute or war

Palmer Raids

A series of controversial raids that occurred from 1919 to 1921 that attacked supposed radicals and immigrants

Panama Canal

Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)

Red Scare

This was a time period from 1917-1920 that Americans were afraid of Radicals and Communism in the U.S. Many aliens were suspected of being radicals and were deported.

Sedition Act

law making it a crime to criticize or say anything false about the government, especially the President and Congress

Spanish American War

In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence

Versailles Treaty

The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.

War Industries Board

agency to improve efficiency in war-related industries

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