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50 terms

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José Martí
exiled Cuban journalist who urged the United States to intervene in Cuba
Theodore Roosevelt
"Rough Rider" who later became President
George Dewey
Admiral who led attack on Spanish ships in the Philippines
William Howard Taft
President known for his "dollar diplomacy"
Imperialism
policy under which stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations
Annex
to join a new territory to an existing country
arbitration
settlement of a dispute by a person chosen to listen to both sides
jingoism
national pride combined with a desire for an aggressive foreign policy
sphere of influence
areas of economic and political control
Open Door Policy
policy giving the United States equal access to trading rights in China
concession
a grant of land in exchange for a promise to use it for a specific purpose
Roosevelt Corollary
policy that established the United States as "an international police power"
Allies
countries that fought against Germany and Austria-Hungary during World War I
Sussex pledge
Germany's promise that its U-boats would warn ships before attacking
sedition
speech or actions that encourage rebellion
armistice
cease-fire between opponents in a war
genocide
organized killing of an entire people
Fourteen Points
President Wilson's program for peace
League of Nations
worldwide organization aimed at ensuring security and peace
Reparations
payment from one nation to another for economic injury suffered during a war
sought more markets for its goods
The United States followed a policy of expansionism in the late 1800s because the nation
warning Great Britain to back out of a territorial dispute with Venezuela
The United States reaffirmed the Monroe Doctrine in the late 1800s by
free Cuba from Spanish rule
A main goal of the US during the Spanish-American War was to
American expansionism
The Monroe Doctrine and social Darwinism contributed to
restore the country's pioneer spirit
Expansionists, such as Frederick Jackson Turner, argued that a quest for empire would
Frederick Jackson Turner
Who argued that a quest for empire would restore the country's pioneer spirit?
economic investment
President Taft was known for a foreign policy based on
costs of expansion
Anti-imperialists also objected to the
keep their competitive edge
To others, foreign lands were new frontiers that would help Americans
gain access to foreign markets
Imperialist argued that the US needed to
supported unpopular governments
People in foreign lands turned against the US when it
Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare
A major factor in the decision of the US to enter WWI
segregated and rarely allowed to fight
African American troops were
they did not want the US to join the League of Nations
"Irreconcilable" senators opposed the Versailles Treaty because
the web of alliances European nations created for their defense
An underlying cause of WWI was
German U-boats would warn ships before attacking
Under the terms of the Sussex pledge, the German government promised that
accept his plan for the League of Nations
President Wilson convinced the Allies to
they feared it would weaken the country's independence
Many senators opposed American entry into the League of Nations because
more willing to join the Allies
After the Russian Revolution, Americans were
increase farm output and reduce waste
Herbert Hoover, head of the Food Administration, worked to
international security and stability
Wilson's goal for the League of Nations was
Fourteen Points
President Wilson's proposal in 1918 for a postwar European peace.
Neutrality
nonparticipation in a dispute or war
Palmer Raids
A series of controversial raids that occurred from 1919 to 1921 that attacked supposed radicals and immigrants
Panama Canal
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)
Red Scare
This was a time period from 1917-1920 that Americans were afraid of Radicals and Communism in the U.S. Many aliens were suspected of being radicals and were deported.
Sedition Act
law making it a crime to criticize or say anything false about the government, especially the President and Congress
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Versailles Treaty
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.
War Industries Board
agency to improve efficiency in war-related industries