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U.S. Gov't Unit 1 Test Review
Terms in this set (92)
Who wrote the poem The New Colossus?
Giving up one's citizenship by leaving one's country to live in another country is known as what?
About how many new immigrants are accepted into the US each year?
About 1 million
What is the difference between civic duties and civic responsibilities?
Duties are things we are required to do; Responsibilities are things we should do
Name some civic duties.
Obey laws, pay taxes, defend the nation if drafted, serve in court, attend school
Name some civic respsonsiblities
Be informed, speak up and vote, contribute to the common good (volunteer), respect others' rights
What type of gov't is run by a hereditary ruler?
What type of gov't is run by the people and has free elections?
What type of gov't is run by one oppressive leader?
What type of gov't controls all aspects of people's lives?
Favoring native-born Americans over immigrants is what?
Having an irrational fear or dislike of people from other countries is what?
What was the immigration station of the West called?
Angel Island, in the San Francisco Bay
What is a geographic area with a high ethnic concentration called?
Ethnic Enclave (for example, Little Italy, Germantown, Chinatown)
What did the Statue of Liberty Stand for?
The Statue of Liberty was a welcoming symbol
Who was the "Mother of Exiles" ?
Statue of Liberty
What statue was the Statue of Liberty modeled after?
The Colossus of Rhodes
What is an institution?
It is a set of ideas people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions
What is the most important institution?
Name all the institutions.
Family, Religion, Education, Social Institutions, and Government.
What are values?
Ideas about what is good or desirable and shared in society.
Name the eight values of America.
Freedom, Equality, Opportunity, Justice, Unity, Respect, and Tolerance.
What was the population shift in the mid-1800s?
Moving from rural to cities for jobs, schooling,offices,and stores.
What was the population shift after the civil war?
The great migration of African Americans moving to the North from the South.
What was the population shift in the past few decades?
The service industry has had an increase jobs. example: law, medical, programming computers, teaching...
What are the four functions of government?
To keep order, provide security, provide public services, and guide the community.
____ is the study of the rights and duties of citizens.
What is the highest form of government?
What Is the lowest form of government?
Which form of government is missing: Federal, State, County, ____, Town, School.
What is an example of the government's way of keeping order?
Enforcing traffic laws to help reduce possibilities of chaos
How does the government keep order?
Government makes laws to prevent conflicts, and to settle those conflicts that do arise.
Define the government's way of providing security.
Government defends citizens from foreign enemies and attacks.
Define the government's way of providing public services.
Government provides services that would not be available otherwise, like public libraries and public schools.
Define the government's way of guiding the community.
Governments formulates public policy and creates a budget
The concept of citizenship dates back how many years? From where?
more than 2500 years to ancient Greece and Rome
What are the public services provided by the government?
Free public libraries, schools, hospitals, parks, water, utilities
Managing the economy and conducting foreign relations falls under which of the four functions of government?
Guiding the community
What government is run by its citizens' choices of representatives?
A representative democracy
What is the world's oldest representative democracy?
The United States
What type of government has citizens choose a group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf?
Another name for a representative democracy is?
What is the oldest settlement in the United States? And when was it established?
St. Augustine, Florida;1565
Besides the U.S., what other major-known country is a representative democracy?
What country established the first permanent settlement in the United States?
Who was the namesake of the Americas?
Ellis Island operated between which years?
When were the first African Americans brought to America?
In 1619, 12 years after Jamestown was formed.
In 2014, more immigrants moved here from ____ than any other country.
Over the past 50 years, where have the majority of immigrants come from?
Latin America and Asia
In 2014, what was the country of origin for the 2nd largest group of immigrants to the US?
What percent of immigrants entering the U.S at Ellis Island were detained for further inspecting?
Where was the first permanent English settlement in the United States?
Jamestown, Virginia (1607)
When was Jamestown established?
What southern and eastern European countries did immigrants come from?
Italy, Poland, Russia, and Greece
Which Europeans were more readily accepted in the U.S.? Southern/Eastern or Western?
What country dominated world exploration until the late-16th century?
Why did Columbus name the natives american Indians?
He thought he landed in India.
Historically, immigrants from what countries settled on the west coast?
On what coast did the English primarily settle?
What main regions did the French primarily settle in?
Along the Mississippi River; Canada
Which principle of American democracy states that the government is not all-powerful--it may do only those things that the people have given it the power to do?
What is a push factor?
A factor which relates to the country from which a person migrate; A flaw or distress that makes a person want to leave
Which principle of American democracy states that all people, including those who govern, are bound by the law?
Rule of Law
What is the most prominent religion in the United States?
How many people classify themselves as Christians?
200 million, which is about 65%
Which principle of American democracy states that American citizens are the source of all government power?
Consent of the Governed
What is a pull factor?
Something concerning the country to which a person migrates; a factor that is attractive to immigrants
Which principle of American democracy states that American citizens rights are protected by the government?
What are some examples of push factors?
War, poverty, discrimination, persecution, famine, political unrest, poor living conditions
Which principle of American democracy states that the people elect government leaders to make the laws and govern on their behalf?
Which principle of American democracy states that when differences in opinion arise, we abide by what most people want?
Majority Rule, Minority Rights
Who is free to worship as they please?
What are some examples of pull factors?
Security, opportunity, tolerance, freedom, stability, better living conditions
In what year were all Native Americans granted full US citizenship?
According to Teddy Roosevelt, what is the issue with hyphenated Americans?
They are missing pure allegiance to America
What are the limitations on alien's political rights?
They can't run in elections, they can't vote, can't serve on juries, can't work government jobs, and have to carry IDs at all times.
How do aliens differ from immigrants?
Immigrants are people who permanently move to a new country and gain American citizenship every year, and aliens are noncitizens in the US, or might be visiting.
What is the process by which immigrants can become American citizens called?
A person who flees their country to escape persecution is known as a(n) ___.
List 6 steps that aliens must take to become a US citizen.
1. Sign a declaration of intention 2. The declaration is filed with the USCIS 3. After living in the US for at least 5 years, the immigrant files an application for citizenship 4. A USCIS official interviews the applicant 5. The applicant passes a citizenship exam 6.The USCIS grants the application, and the applicant pledges an oath of allegiance in a naturalization ceremony
What are hyphenated Americans?
They are immigrants who are still holding on to their original nationalities. The "hyphenated" part comes from the immigrants original nationality. An example would be "German-American"
What was the purpose of Roosevelt's speech against hyphenated Americans?
In 1915, WWI was going on. Roosevelt didn't want immigrants to feel connected to their home countries if the U.S. was about to go to war with them.
In reference to citizenship, what is Latin for "right of the soil," meaning a person has citizenship status because they were born on U.S. soil.
In reference to citizenship, what is Latin for "right of the blood,"meaning a person has citizenship status because one parent is a U.S. citizen.
Into what English phrase does 'e pluribus unum' translate?
Out of Many, One
The right to participate in politics equally is known as _____.
For what period of time do most people maintain citizenship?
Until the mid-1900s, most immigrants came to America from what continent?
What has happened to Americans' trust in their gov't since the 1960s?
What percent of Americans live in urban areas today?
Name the 6 principles of American Democracy.
Rule of Law, Limited Government, Consent of the Governed, Individual Rights, Representative Government, Majority Rule/Minority Rights