17 terms

Forms and Systems of Government

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Absolute Monarchy
a monarchy where the ruler's power is unlimited and was passed on by heredity.
Authoritarian Regime
a government in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power.
Autocracy
a form of government where one person has unlimited power.
Communism
a system of government based on the idea of state ownership and direction of property and industry.
Confederal System
a system of government where power is located with the independent states and there is little power in the central government.
Constitutional Monarchy
a monarchy in which the power of the hereditary ruler is limited by the country's constitution and laws.
Dictatorship
a form of government in which absolute power is exercised by a dictator
Direct Democracy
a form of government where everyone gets to vote on all laws
Federal
a system of government where power is shared between a central government and states
Oligarchy
a form of government where a country is ruled by a small group of people.
Parliamentary System
a system of government where power lies with the legislative body and the leader of the country is part of the legislature.
President
the head of state, or leader, in a federal system.
Prime Minister
the head of state in a parliamentary system.
Representative Democracy
a government in which citizens choose a smaller group of representatives to govern on their behalf.
Socialism
an economic system where the government manages the economy.
Totalitarianism
describes a system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people's lives.
Unitary System
is a system of government where almost all power is located with the one central government.