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Politics of the United States
chapter 2 gov
Terms in this set (26)
An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constitution in 1787. The Anti-Federalists were opposed to a strong central government.
A legislature made up of two parts, called chambers. The
U.S. Congress, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate, is a bicameral legislature.
A major principle of the American system of government whereby each branch of the government can check the actions of the others.
Checks and Balances:
A political system in which states or regional governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers they expressly delegate to a central government; a voluntary association of independent states, in which the member states agree to limited restraints on their freedom of action.
A group of persons called electors selected by the voters in each state and the District of Columbia (D.C.). This group officially elects the president and vice president of the United States.
The name given to one who was in favor of the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and the creation of a federal union with a strong central government.
A system of government in which power is divided between a central government and regional, or subdivisional, governments. Each level must have some domain in which its policies are dominant and some genuine political or constitutional guarantee of its authority.
The compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia Plans that created one chamber of the Congress based on population and one chamber representing each state equally; also called the Connecticut Compromise.
The power of the Supreme Court and other courts to examine and possibly declare unconstitutional federal or state laws and other acts of government.
A structure of government proposed by James Madison in which the powers of the government are separated into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on governments. John Locke stated that natural law, being superior to human law, specifies certain rights of "life, liberty, and property." These rights, altered to become "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness," are asserted in the Declaration of Independence.
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the population.
The principle of dividing governmental powers among different branches of government.
Separation of Powers
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules.
A group of people occupying a specific area and organized under one government. It may either be a nation or a subunit of a nation.
A doctrine that asserts the priority of national law over state laws. This principle is stated in Article VI of the Constitution, which provides that the Constitution, the laws passed by the national government under its constitutional powers, and all treaties constitute the supreme law of the land.
A legislature with only one legislative chamber, as opposed to a bicameral (two-chamber) legislature, such as the U.S. Congress. Today, Nebraska is the only state in the Union with a unicameral legislature.
protected the rights of citizens
first continent congress
established army and named washignton as commoner in chief
second continental congress
articles established a gov
congress of confederation
congress has the power to under the articles of confederation
1 declare war
2 enter into treaties and alliances
3 establish and control armed forces
4 regulate coinage
5 borrow money and issue bills of credit
congress does not have the power to under the articles of confederation
1 provide for an effect treaty
2 regulate interstate and foreign commerce
3 compel states to meet military quotas
4 collect taxes directly from the people
5 compel states to pay their share of gov cost
accomplishments under the articles
states claim to the western land settles, passage way of the northwest ordinance
weakness of the articles
lack of power to raise funds for the militia
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
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