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A speech designed to convey knowledge and understanding.

Informative speech

what are the four types of informative speech

objects,processes, concepts, processes and events.

The process of creating, reinforcing, or changing peoples beliefs or actions

persuasive speech

focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of edvidence, and the differences between fact and opinion.

critical thinking

presenting another person's language or ideas as one's own


A method of speech organization in which the main points follow a time pattern.

chronological order

A method of speech organization in which the main points divide the topic into logical and consistent sub topics

topical order

a method of generating ideas for speech topics by free association of words and ideas


a visual and used to show statistical trends and patterns.


a graph that uses one or more lines to show changes in statistics over time or space

line graph

a graph that highlights segments of a circle to show simple distribution patterns.

pie graph

a graph that uses vertical or horizontal bars to show comparisons among two or more items.

bar graph

a visual aid that summerizes a large block of information, usually in list form


a complete set of type of the same design


questions that allow respondents to answer however they want

open-ended questions

Audience analysis that focuses on demographic factors such as, gender, religion, sexual orientation, group membership, and racial, ethnic, or cultural background

demographic audience analysis

a database that catalogues articles from scholarly journals

academic database

A research aid that catalogues articles from a large number of magazines, journals, and newspapers

newspaper and periodical database

a summary of a magazine or journal article, written by someone other than the original author.


words that refer to ideas or concepts

concrete words

a method of speech organization in which the main points follow a directional pattern

spatial order

a method of speech organization in which the main points show a cause-effect relationship

casual order

a method of speech organization in which the first main point deals with the existence of a problem and the second main point presents a solution to the problem

problem-solution order

organizational patterns of speeches

chronological, spatial, causal, problem/solution, topical

speech topic selection

topics you know a lot about or topics you want to know more about.

4 types of speeches

informative, persuade, special occasions and small groups

A detailed outline developed during the process of speech preparation that includes the title, specific purpose, central idea, introduction, main points, subpoints, connectives, conclusion, and bibliography of a speech

preparation outline

a brief outline used to jog speakers memory during the presentation of a speech.

speaking outline

the major points developed in the body of a speech. Most speeches contain from two to five main points.

main points

number of main points in a speech

two to five

the final section of a speech


the opening section of a speech


the main section of a speech


a carefully perpared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes.

extemporaneous speech

motions of a speaker's hands or arms during a speech


the subject of a speech


the broad goal of a speech

general purpose

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