Traditions and Encounters: Test 3-Post Classical China and India, Mongols, and Cross Cultural Exchanges
Terms in this set (70)
Greatest accomplishment of Sui Dynasty
Consolidates control of all of China, Grand Canal
Founder of Sui Dynasty, reunified China
First Dynasty after Han, started Post-Classical Era
Dynasty that followed Sui Dynasty, known for strong state
Turkic people who helped stop rebellion
Dynasty that was never a powerful state
Problems that the Song Dynasty faced
Size of bureaucracy was a heavy drain on the economy, lacked leadership of military
1st Song emperor/founder
Most urbanized are of the world during this period
Foot binding is an example of? What was its purpose?
Wealth, make women's feet smaller (considered beautiful), made females dependent (patriarchical society)
List important Chinese developments that occured during this time
Porcelain, gunpowder, early printing, magnetic compass
What is the process that stimulates Chinese economy?
Monopoly on money production, silk road trade
Letters of credit (like checks)
Major religion that influences China?
Dynasty of Korea
Chinese relations with Korea and Vietnam
Korea: contact because of trade and military
Vietnam: more tense relationship, Vietnam adaptation to Chinese culture
Capital of Japan modeled after Tang
Civil war between Taira and Minamoto clans, Minamoto leader named Shogun
The Samurai code, the act of commiting suicide instead of being captured
Japan borrows what from China?
Confucian values, Buddhist religion, system of writing, centralized rule
Describe political structure of India
Ways Islam entered India
Reason Mahmud of Ghanzi entered India, impact on Buddhism?
To plunder, destroyed Hindu and Buddhist temples
Large ships that Indian people used for trade
Difference between northern and southern India when it came to conflict?
Southern India more politically stable than the north
A devotional philosopher - logical analysis to emotional devotion
A devotional philosopher - laid philosophical foundations of contemporary Hinduism
Attempt to bring Hinduism and Islam closer together (highly unsuccessful)
Religion of Melaka
Define Delhi sultans and control
Ruled northern India as an Islamic state, weak administrative structure
Reasons India benefited from trade
Establishment of cosmopolitan port cities (serve as warehouses for trade), LOCATION
Role of monsoons
Season irrigation became vital, massive construction of reservoirs, canals, tunnels, etc.
Wealthy trading state of southern India in 850 CE
Kingdom established by two Indian brothers
East African kingdom that benefited from Indian trade
Kingdom of Axum
Indian Muslim population in 1500?
25% of the Indian population
1st SE Asia area to reflect Indian influence
Kingdom of Srivijaya
Sea trade with China and India
Funan centered on this river
Central Asian capital
Built largest empire of all time
Mongols (Chinggis Khan)
Little rainfall to support large-scale agriculture (steppe climate)
Nomadic shelters, tents
Khan stands for?
Religous specialists, center of Pagan worship
Battle, defeated Byzantine army (in 1071)
Turks convert to what in 10th century near the Abbasid dynasty?
Gunpowder appeared where?
Khublilai Khan's dynasty in China
1st leader of Mongols, original name?
Chinggis Khan (original name: Temüjin)
Number of regional empires of the Mongols
Describe the main areas
China, Central Asia/Chagatai, Persia, Russia/Golden Horde
Capital setup in China
Strict seperation between Mongols and Chinese, imported administrators from other areas
Describe Mongol invasion of Japan
Two attempted invasions, stopped by a typhoon
Khan power was based on?
All other tribe members agreed to his appointment
Mongol influence on trade?
Protected traveling merchants, volume of trade and missionary activity increases
Built central Asian empire after Mongols
Tamerlane the Conqueror
Founder of Ottomans
Islamic scholar, pilgrimage to Mecca through Africa, worked in governments
First European in China, enters service of Mongol Kubilai Khan
Describe trade on Silk Road
Luxury goods of high value, development of trading cities
Muslims/Mongols spread gunpowder in 13th century, technology reaches Europe by 1258
Bubonic plague, spread where and when
Spreads from south west China (1330) across Eurasia, extreme northern areas not affected
Ming control in China, leadership
Reestablishment of Confucian education system, direct rule by emperor, heavy reliance on eunuchs
Establishment of European states
Develops new taxes, large standing armies
Renaissance began where?
Success of Zheng He
Mounted seven massive naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean (establishment trade with India)