5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Vitamin K (function)
- Vitamin K (Excretion)
- Vitamin D (sources)
- Vitamin E (transportation)
- Vitamin K (UL)
- a primarily in bile, small amount in urine
- b (clotting and bones) need in synthesis of blood clotting factors. synthesis of protein that bind calcium
- c made by skin. Found in: Salmon, shrimp, Cod, liver oil, Tuna, Eel, herring, fortified cereal, milk.
- d no UL
- e from liver via lipoproteins (very low lipoproteins). Excreted in bile, urine, and skin.
5 Multiple choice questions
- no more than 10% of daily value (should not exceed UL's). USP (United States Pharmacopeia) Certification.
- vegtable oil, margarine, shortening, wheat germ, whole grains, seeds, nuts (animal fats are NOT good sources)
- Antibiotic therapy (disrupts making of vit by bacteria in colon). Fat free diet (absorption problem). Hemorrhagic disease of newborns (shot at birth)
- vitamin K deficiency in new borns (given shot at birth)
- stored in fat or goes back to liver. Liver can make it inactive and it can circulate in blood stream for weeks. Small amount excreted in urine and bile.
5 True/False questions
Vitamin D (kidney function) → antioxidant- stops damage done by free radicals (because it donates an electron to the free radicals), reduces oxidative stress
Limitation of skin formation of vitamin D → Age, Sunscreen/sunblock, darker skin tones, geographic location, season.
Rickets → high levels of calcium in blood due to vitamin D toxicity
Vitamin K (body manufactured) → in the GI by bacteria, manaquinones (10% absorbed)
Vitamin D (transportation) → from liver via lipoproteins (very low lipoproteins). Excreted in bile, urine, and skin.