Norton Reader Intro Vocab and Notes
Terms in this set (51)
those to whom the essay is directed
give info about when and where the essay first appeared
person who writes the essays
What do authors tend to do through their writing?
Introduce themselves to their audience
refers to the context in which writing takes place and becomes public. Also called Rhetorical Occasion or Rhetorical Situation.
the author's goal
Where can Rhetorical Context be indicated?
the title or the opening paragraphs
If an essay doesn't establish a Rhetorical Context in its opening paragraphs, where can you find additional info?
in the contextual note or in the annotations
footnotes marked with small numerals
kinds of writing that are expected to have common features and certain conventions of style, presentation, and subject matter
What does genre partially determine?
the form's content and organization
practices or customs commonly used in a genre
Convention and what are linked concepts?
What are the four categories of genres that the Norton Reader includes?
narrative, descriptive, analytic, and argumentative
tells stories and includes personal essays, memoirs, graphic memoirs, and literacy narratives
gives details about how a person, place, or thing looks, sounds, and feels, often in a large framework
examines tests, images, and cultural objects and trends
takes positions and uses reasons and evidence to support them
What are the most common Rhetorical Strategies?
describing, narrating, exemplifying, classifying and dividing, explaining or analyzing a process, defining, analyzing cause and effect, and making an argument
appeals to the senses to describe something or someone
provides an account of actions or events that occur over a period of time
provides examples to illustrate a claim or idea
Classifying and Dividing
groups people or things on the basis of shared qualities
Explaining or Analyzing a process
analyzes the similarities and differences between or among people, places, things, or ideas
attempts to give the essential meaning of something
Analyzing Cause and Effect
analyzes the reasons something happened (cause) and determines the results (effect). Cause is oriented toward the future and effect looks back to the past
Making an Argument
makes a claim and provides evidence to support that claim
1st person accounts of important events or people from an author's life
focuses on a significant personal experience in the writer's past
Focuses on learning to read and write
Profile of a Person
Features an individual or a group of people and uses 1st hand knowledge, interviews, and/or research to present its subject
What can be freestanding essays or parts of books?
Profile of a Place
involves discovering the special characteristics or qualities of the place; finding an interpretive framework in which to present it; and including engaging details, anecdotes, or dialogue
any writing about nature
primary purpose is to relate info
Humor and Satire
use hyperbole and far-fetched comparisons or descriptions to make a larger point
What can be used in any genre of writing?
Humor and Satire
Humor and Satire often push the limits of what is acceptable or expected in what?
form of personal analysis, exploring the ways an experience, practice, idea, or event relates to you and what you can learn from it
focuses on written words
looks for explicit and implicit meanings
takes an object, trend, fad, or other phenomenon as the subject of its analysis
List the steps of the Aristotelian approach
Exordium: the introduction
Narratio: the statement or exposition of the case under discussion
Divisio: the outline of the points or steps in the argument
Confirmatio: the proof of the case
Confutatio: the refutation of opposing arguments
Peroratio: the conclusion
Evaluations and Review
combine analysis and argument
includes a clear statement of what is being proposed, a plan for action, and an explanation of desired outcomes
focuses on issues of public interest
derive directly from the classical tradition of argument
a story that illustrates a point, poses, or answers a question, or suggests a lesson
What does the word Parable mean?
what is the most fundamental of all rhetorical strategies?
involves a main idea and either an extended example or a series of examples that illustrate that idea