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Imperialism, Progressive Reform and World War I

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Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration; said 'Speak softly but carry a big stick' (1858-1919)
Yellow Journalism
comes from a comic strip which refers to sensational headlines which attract readers
Progressive reformer
people who attempted to reform issues such as labor, health, safety
Rough Riders
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Unterseeboot
A German submarine, a terrifying new weapon for naval warfare.
Womens Suffrage
women being able to vote
Zimmerman Note
Written by Arthur Zimmerman, a german foreign secretary. In this note he had secretly proposed a German- Mexican alliance. He tempted Mexico with the ideas of recovering Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. The note was intercepted on March 1, 1917 by the U.S. government.
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Woodrow Wilson
28th President of the United States Ex. led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856-1924)
W.E.B Dubois
He believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediately. He helped found the Niagara Movement in 1905 to fight for equal rights. He also helped found the NAACP.
Joseph Pulitzer
United States newspaper publisher who established the Pulitzer prizes (1847-1911)
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
Imperialism
an attempt by a nation to create empires by dominating another nation economically, politically, or militarily
Dollar Diplomacy
President Taft's policy of linking American business interests to diplomatic interests abroad
Open Door Policy
Foreign policy that stated all countries should have equal commercial and industrial trade rights
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
muckracker
writer or journalist of the early 1900s who uncovered shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life.
U.S.S Maine
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
doughboy
an American infantryman in World War I
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
Jacob Riis
muckraker and photographer who wanted to show how the poor and homeless lived
Jane Addams
Founder of the Hull House. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.
Ida Tarbell
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations
Carrie Chapman Catt
Spoke powerfully in favor of suffrage, worked as a school principal and a reporter ., became head of the National American Woman Suffrage, an inspiried speaker and abrilliant organizer. Devised a detailed battle plan for fighting the war of suffrage.
attrition
a gradual reduction or weakening
jingoism
swelling of national pride and an aggressive foreign policy that began before the Spanish American War
sphere of influence
the geographical area in which one nation is very influential
San Juan Hill
Site of the most famous battle of the Spanish-American war, where Theodore Roosevelt successfully leads the Rough Riders in a charge against the Spanish trenches
Buffalo Soldiers
Nickname for African-American soldiers who fought in the wars against Native Americans living on the Great Plains during the 1870s
Social Darwinism
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
annexation
the addition of new land or territory to an existing country
Bull Moose party
3rd party independent in 1912 election
Lusitania
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
Robert LaFollete
Battling Bob. He brought the state legislature under his control and enacted a wide range of progressive measures.
Upton Sinclair
author who wrote a book about the horrors of food productions in 1906 - wrote The Jungle
William Randolph Hearst
A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."
William Howard Taft
27th President of the United States and later chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1857-1930)
Alice Paul
head of the National Woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. She opposed legislation protecting women workers because such laws implied women's inferiority. Most condemned her way of thinking.
Futility
useless or pointless
Why did many want to expand past U.S borders
Everybodys doing it, U.S economy was ready for expansion and U.S population was ready to expand to new markets and greater wealth
What were the causes of the Spanish American War
The explosion of the U.S.S Maine in Havana Cuba
What were the results of the Spanish American War
Spanish were defeated, they recognized Cuba's independence, Spain gives the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico to the U.S
How did the U.S take control over Hawaii
due to annexation
Why was the building of the panama canal so significant
It was a quicker and better trade route
What were the beliefs and issues of the Progressive Reformers
Fix political corruption, make workplaces better, form unions.
Why were Progressive journalists labeled muckrakers by Theodore Roosevelt
Tried to get rid of political corruption through journalism
What did President Roosevelt accomplish during his presidency
Fight for miners rights, the Pure food and drug act, meat inspection act, initiated 42 antitrust acts, created U.S forest service, national forests.
How did Taft continue Roosevelts program
initiated 90 antitrust cases and reserved more land
How did President Roosevelt handle the mineworkers strike in 1902
agreed to a 10% raise but the union was not recognized
What was Woodrow Wilson campaigning platform in 1912
enforce antitrust laws and maintain free economic competition
What caused the start of world war I
the assassination of arch duke Ferdinand
What was the slogan that helped get wilson reelected in 1916
He kept us out of the war
Why was the U.S slow to become involved in World War I
they had no valid reason until the Zimmerman note came up
Why did many Americans regard the Germans as cold-hearted and sinister during World War I
they saw so much propaganda
How did weapons technology change in World War I
more advance
What was Wilsons plan for peace after World War I
treaty of Versailles
What were the results of World War I
surrender of German colonies, return of Alsace-Lorraine to France, German reparations, limits on German army and navy