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AP Government and Politics Quizzes 4, 7, and 8

the framers created a government for the purpose of
a. unifying citizens
b. achieving certain substantive goals
c. efficiency in the administration of justice
d. accomplishing the will of the people
e. ensuring that the majority's will would be realized
the first major studies of public opinion and voting published in the 1940s found that
a. most americans were well informed about politics even though they did not vote regularly
b.most americans voted regularly and were well informed about politics
c. a small group of americans voted but were not well informed about politics
d. a small group of americans were informed but most americans were not
e. it was difficult to generalize about americans when it came to politics
although early studies of american public opinion and voting found low information levels they also found that americans were pretty good at
a. working the system to get the policies that they desired
b. contacting candidates on a regular basis
c. discussing complex political issues
d. employing cues to select policies parties and candidates that most nearly relfected their values and interests
e. explaining the workings of government and major currents in law
a typical public opinion poll today features about ------ respondents
a. three hundred
b. five hundred
c. one thousand
d. fifteen thousand
e. three thousand
if any given voter has a chance of being in a survey the sample is best described as a ---- sample
a. random
b. stratified quota
c. split
d. two stage
e. bifurcated
exit polls are conducted
a. just after a voter registers to vote
b. during the national convention
c. on election day at polling places
d. after each presidential debate
e. when voters change their party identification
a public opinion pollster might need to make as many as ---- phone calls just to get around one thousand respondents for a survey
a. two thousand
b. four thousand
c. six thousand
d. ten thousand
e. fifteen thousand
the text suggests that our genetic background explains much of our
a. political ideology
b. party identification
c. political socialization
d. group memberships
e. none of the above
according to the text one reason that identification with a party has declined in recent years is that
a. yound voters have weaker party identification
b. party identificaiton today is no longer influenced by parents' party identification
c. today there are most parties with which voters can identify
d. voters tend to lose their party identification as they grow older and today's population is aging
e. party identification is increasingly seen as a sign of closed-mindedness
which of the following statements regarding the voting habits of men and women is incorrect
a. their voting reflects distinct differences in points of view
b. the gap is evident between their points of view is not new
c. men have forsaken the democratic party
d. women have forsaken the republican party
e. none of the above
the general pattern opinion cleavages in this country has been
a. horizontal, based on class
b. vertical based on many variables
c. vertical on economic issues and horizontal on social issues
d. impossible to analyze clearly
e. crosscutting based on many variables
cleavages in public opinion are more common in the united states than in many other countries because the united states
a. has a socially heterogeneous population
b. is a relatively classless society
c. has a high degree of religious freedom
d. places a high value on social equality
e. is more protective of freedom of press
most blue collar workers in the united states think of themselves as
a. working class
b. lower class
c. middle class
d. upper class
an individuals choice of political philosophy today is most likely to be based on his or her
a. position on social issues such as abortion or environmentalism
b. geographic region and socioeconomic class
c. position on economic issues such as taxation or minimum wage
d. gender
e. religious beliefs
a coherent and consistent set of beliefs about what policies government ought to pursue is referred to as
a. political efficacy
b. public opinion
c. pragmatism
d. realism
e. political ideology
when an individual's views are consistently conservative or liberal we say that that person is idologically
a. tuned
b. constrained
c. aligned
d. placed
e. sealed
the current understanding of the word liberalism derives from the administration of
a. theodore roosevelt
b. franklin roosevelt
c. harry truman
d. john f. kennedy
e. ronald reagan
increasingly pollsters
a. do not even attempt to measure ideology
b. measure political ideology by self- identification
c. measure political ideology by looking for constraint
d. see political ideology as irrelevant to politics
e. research ideology in presidential but not congressional elections
which of the following statements is incorrect
a. democratic members of congress tend to consistently liberal
b. republican members of congress of congress tend to be consistently conservative
c. democratic members of congress tend to be more liberal than democratic voters
d. republican members of congress tend to be more conservative than republican voters
e. the policy preferences of democratic and republican voters are generally the same
studies of opinion-policy congruence suggest that the rate at which the government adopts policies supported by majorities in polls has
a. remained the same over the last four decades
b. slightly increased in recent years
c. increased significantly in recent years
d. been declining since 1980
e. been declining since the beginning of the bush administration
elites have probably influenced if not led public opinion on all of the following topics except
a. racism
b. sexism
d. environmentalism
e. perceptions of crime
which of the following would political elites be least likely to raise as a new public issue
a. acid rain
b. birth control and planned parenthood
c. disinvestment in south africa
d. unemployment
e. racial discrimination
economic issues are most likely to be placed on the public agenda by
a. political elites
b. public opinion
c. economic analysts
d. regulatory commissions
e. economic theorists
one important reason that political elites are important is that they
a. provide a counter to the more activist views held by average citizens
b. play an important role in defining both economic and social problems
c. have a disproportionate influence on public policy
d. reflect a single unified opinion on important political issues
e. enlarge the scope of political conflict
which of the following statements about the opinions of political elites is correct
a. they may shape economic policies but they do not define economic problems
b. they may shape foreign affairs policies but they do not define foreign affairs problems
c. they both define the problems and shape the policies on social issues such as crime and drugs
d. they tend to reflect the views of a single unifed elite
e. they tend to reflect the views of middle america
the text says that one notable distinction between two democracies the united states and japan is in regard to
a. commerce
b. legislative processes
c. execuative branch
d. political commentary
e. immigration policy
in our society government officials should be accountable to the people. This principle is known as
a. liberty
b. equality
c. civic duty
d. democracy
e. capitalism
Liberty and individual responsibility are two key elements of
a. all western democracies
b. all twentieth-century nations
c. most naitons throughout history
d. u.s. politcal culture
e. european nations during the 1700s
the text lists three critical questions to ask about political culture. One of these is,
a. to what extent are political culture and political ideology synonymous
b. what is the self interest of those who describe the alleged beliefs
c. why does political culture develop in some places and not in others
d. why do political cultures tend to override political issues
e. how do we know that people share the alleged beliefs
what was the swedish sociologist Gunnar Myrdal referring to when he spoke of America's Dilemma
a. affulence
b. race relations
c. corporate dominance
d. political ignorance
e. economic disparities
according to the text the persistence in our political vocabulary of the term ---- is evidence of americans common hopes and values
a. freedom
b. americanism
c. morality
d. equality
e. righteousness
which of the following statements about economic equality applies most accurately to americans
a. most americans believe that al people should be paid on the basis of their economic needs equality of results
b. most americans believe that everyone has the right to get ahead equality of opportunity
c. most americans believe in the preferential treatment of women and minorities in hiring equality of access
d. most americans believe that citizens who participate in politics should have guaranteed income equality of participants
compared with americans japanese are more likely to
a. stress social harmony and group cohesion in their social relations
b. emphasize the virtues of individualism and competition in their social relations
c. emphasize the virtue of treating others fairly but impersonally with due regard for their rights
d. rely on individual decision making rather than decisions made by groups
e. believe in a divine being
a classic study found that citizens of ---- had the highest sense of civic competence
a. italy
b. germany
c. new mexico
d. great britain
e. the United States
which of the following statements concerning attitudes and opinions expressed by americans in surveys is incorrect
a. they have greater faith in political institutions than citizens of other nations
b. they are more likely to be patriotic than citizens of other nations
c. they have greater faith in private institutions than citizens of other nations
d. their trust in government has declined in recent years
e. none of the above
a classic study of american and swedish trade union and political party leaders found that the americans were
a. less likely to favor equal pay for workers
b. less likely to favor top limit on salaries
c. more likely to support higher disparities in salaries
d. all of the above
e. more likely to favor equality of results
there is in fact less income inequality in sweden than in america because
a. workers there are more similar in their talents.
b. employers have different notions of economic fairness
c. the government enures that it is so
d. education levels are much lower in sweden
e. political parties are stronger in the United States
which group attracted an enormous amount of media attention and became a prominent force in many national state and local elections during the 1990s
a. great beginnings
b. prohibitionists
c. spiritual awakening
d. hyper dispensationalists
e. the christian coalition
the relevance and potential impact of religion in american politics were evident in 2002 when a federal court issued a controversial ruling regarding
a. prayer in schools
b. the use of the bible in high school literature classes
c. the pleadge of allegiance
d. the singing of god bless america
e. all of the above
early competition between the federalists and the democratic republicans ended by establishing the principle that
a. freedom of speech did not include political slander
b. political participation was restricted to males
c. slavery was not an issue for national legislation
d. democracy could survive a change of ruling parties
e. the first amendment applied to the states
religious diversity in the united states was largely the result of the absence of an
a. established religion
b. bill of rights
c. strong central government
d. established aristocracy
e. powerful army
the dominant religious tradition in the early united states was
a. catholicism
b. protestantism especially presbyterianism
c. protestantism especially puritanism
d. protestantism especially lutheranism
e. nonexistent the united states had no dominant religious tradition
the notion that individuals should work hard save their money and avoid dependence on the state is sometimes regerred to as the
a. protestant work ethic
b. blue collar ethic
c. doctrine of social darwinism
d. evolutionary principle
e. labor theory of value
americans have a comparatively low degree of
a. material acquisitiveness
b. social conformity
c. class consciousness
d. geographic mobility
e. capitalist instinct
in the language of culture wars a progressive is more likely to
a. value persona; freedom as much as traditional rules
b. interpret traditional moral rules in the light of new circumstances
c. believe that moral rules derive from the commands of god
d. believe that notions about right and wrong are clear and unchanging
e. a and b
most conspicuous among the orthodox are
a. conservative persons from the midwest
b. catholics
c. fundamentalist protestants
d. labor leaders
e. members of the hollywood elite
over the last three decades public trust has declined for all of the following except
a. newspapers
b. public schools
c. the military
d. television news
e. labor unions
putnam worried that americans might be losing social capital because
a. they are increasingly likely to complain about government
b. they are less likely to participate in major elections
c. they have high levels of external political efficacy
d. they are less and less likely to join voluntary associations
e. they are a nation of joiners
studies show that americans support constitutional freedoms under what conditions
a. only for people who agree with them
b. during times of peace but not necessarily during war
c. in the abstract but not always in the concrete
d. for all groups at all times
e. in the aftermath of war
all of the following are reasons that certain groups survive in the face of political intolerance except that
a. most of us do not act on our beliefs
b. people ususally cannot agree on which group to suppress
c. americans have become more tolerant
d. such groups receive protection from the courts
e. such groups are able to go underground