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South relied on the North; south profited from it's agricultural system; fully invested in it so there was nothing left to invest in industrial or commercial economy; climate of south better suited agriculture than industry; southerners lazier?
southerners believed themselves to be based on traditional values of chivalry, leisure, and elegance
the yankees of the north were more concerned with rapid growth and development rather than the refined and gracious way of life
the wealthy plantation owners with many slaves stood at the head of society determining the political, economical, and social aspects of society; they were the face of the south
the southern lady
centered in the home; companions and hostesses to their husbands and nurturing mothers to children; rarely engage in public activities or find income-producing work
southern status of women
"women, like children, have but one right, and that is the right to protection. the right to protection involves the obligation to obey."
romanticism; son of carpenter and traveled all over doing many odd jobs until he finally published his first work 'leaves of grass'
Leaves of Grass
Whitman's first volume of work; poems were a celebration of democracy, liberation of the individual
Melville in 1851; portrayed Ahab, story of courage and the strength of the individual but also tragedy of pride and revenge
Edgar Allen Poe
Author of sad and macabre stories and poems, Tamerlane and The Raven; explored the deeper painful world of the spirit and emotions
reason vs. understanding
reason: the individual's innate capacity to grasp beauty and truth through giving full expression to the instincts and emotions. understanding: use of intellect in the narrow and artificial ways imposed by society, repression of instinct
Ralph Waldo Wmerson
leader of the transcendentalists; most important intellectual of his age; nationalist
Emerson's best known essay 1836; in the quest for self-fulfillment individuals should work for a common communion with the natural world
Henry David Thoreau
next to Emerson, leading transcendentalist; wrote about repressive forces of society
Boston transcendentalist George Ripley established this community as an experimental community in West Roxbury, Mass.; Socialist
original resident of Brook Farm; wrote the Blithedale Romance portraying disastrous experiment; the scarlet letter; the house of seven gables
Scottish industrialist; founded new experimental community in indiana in 1825, a "village of cooperation" but was economic failure
American Colonization Society
society that promoted the effort to encourage the resettlement of blacks in africa or the caribbean
Failure of colonization
not enough funding, relocated fewer slaves than were born in the US in a month; blacks did not want to move to the unfamiliar country
William Lloyd Garrison- The Liberator
grew tired of Lundy's moderate tone and decided to found his own weekly newspaper called the liberator; called for immediate abolition; founded the New England Antislavery Society and American Antislavery Society
American Antislavery Society
Garrison founded in 1833; membership mushroomed; antislavery sentiment growing
editor of abolitionist newspaper in Illinois; repeated victim of mob violence; shot and killed when whites invaded his press a 4th time and burnt it
africans destined for slavery in cuba seized a ship and tried to sail it to africa but the US navy seized it and held the africans as pirates; court declared them free because of the international slave trade had been illegal
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