Survey of the Bible Study Deck
Terms in this set (180)
If we can determine that the Old Testament is reliable, what are the only two options left on our list of possible true world religions? Remember, only one world religion can be true since each has exclusive claims (claims that are unique to each world religion).
What is the significance of being able to prove that the Passover and the Day of Atonement in the Old Testament find fulfillment in Jesus Christ in the New Testament?
We come closer to being able to conclude that Christianity is true.
How could each Israelite family avoid the tenth plague while in Egypt?
By placing the blood of an unblemished animal above the doorpost to their house.
Unlike Jews, why do Christians not celebrate the Passover?
Because Jesus is the Passover Lamb; you can celebrate him every day.
The video lists eight reasons why we can conclude that Jesus is the Passover Lamb (fulfillment of the Passover). Identify seven of these reasons below.
Passover lamb had to be the firstborn; Jesus is the firstborn of all creation.
Passover lamb offered up annually; Jesus was offered up once and for all.
Passover lamb was offered up around 3pm; Jesus was offered up around 3pm (crucifixion).
Passover lamb had to be from God; Jesus was from God.
Passover lamb could have no bones broken; Jesus had no bones broken when he died on the cross.
Passover lamb had to be without blemish; Jesus was without blemish.
Passover lamb had to be male; Jesus was male.
Passover lamb was offered up right outside the city; Jesus was offered up right outside the city.
On the Day of Atonement, what was the first goat used for?
Had sins of the people confessed over it and was slaughtered as a substitute sacrifice.
On the Day of Atonement, what was the second goat used for?
Had the sins of the people confessed over it and was sent away into the wilderness.
Why do Christians not celebrate the Day of Atonement annually?
Because Jesus atoned for the sins of the world once and for all.
How many books are in the English Old Testament? How many authors?
39 books; around 30 authors
The Old Testament was written over a period of approximately _______ years.
In what two languages was the Old Testament originally written?
The English Old Testament has the same books as the Hebrew Bible, although they are arranged differently. Unlike the English Old Testament, the Hebrew Bible is arranged into three main sections. What are these three sections?
Jesus affirmed the three sections of the Hebrew Bible as Scripture in which New Testament verse?
What are the earliest manuscripts of the Old Testament that have been found to date?
Dead Sea Scrolls
Modern Old Testament translations closely resemble the text of the Dead Sea Scrolls. To what percentage do modern OT translations resemble the text of the Dead Sea Scrolls? Where are the differences found?
95% - differences in spelling and grammar
The Talmudists had strict guidelines relating to how they copied the Old Testament Scriptures. Identify six of these guidelines below.
Each page of the codex must have the same number of columns (48 lines long each).
If a king addressed the copyist while he was writing the name of God, he was to ignore the king.
Each line had to be 30 letters long.
The copyist had to wear specific clothes and follow
certain rules about bathing.
Ink had to be black and made in a very specific way.
Nothing, not even a part of a letter, could be written from memory.
The Massoretes also had strict guidelines relating to how they copied the Old Testament Scriptures. Identify three of these guidelines below.
If a copy did not agree exactly with the original, it was destroyed.
They knew the number of times each letter of the alphabet appeared in each book.
Counted number of words and letters in each book and also calculated the middle word and middle letter.
The authors of the Old Testament books believed what they were writing was, indeed, from God. A particular phrase was used over 400 times from Genesis to Malachi to prove this. What was this phrase?
"Thus says the Lord"
___________ and ________________ evidence are the two types of evidence that can be studied to help a person determine whether or not the Bible is reliable.
Internal evidence is evidence:
contained within the pages of the Bible.
External evidence is evidence:
from outside the Bible.
Nahum prophesied that the Assyrian capital, Nineveh, would be destroyed by who or what?
When the ancient city of Nineveh was discovered in the mid-1800s by archaeologists, what did they find?
The city was destroyed by fire, just like the Bible stated.
What two prophecies does Jeremiah make in Jeremiah 25:11-12?
Babylon would be punished/destroyed.
The Israelites would endure Babylonian captivity for 70 years.
About how many years came between these two events: 1) Isaiah's prophecy about God opening up the gate to Babylon for Cyrus, and 2) Cyrus and his army entering Babylon and conquering it?
On which day of creation did God create humans? (Genesis 1)
There is a reoccurring theme in Genesis 1. After God creates, He calls what He has created "good." In Genesis 2, God calls something "not good" for the very first time. What is God referring to when He says this?
It is not good that man should be alone.
Who tempts Adam and Eve in Genesis 3?
The serpent (Satan)
What are the names of Adam and Eve's three children in Genesis 4?
How many people were on the ark when God caused the Great Flood? (Genesis 7)
Who is the author of Genesis?
Who sinned in the Garden of Eden by disobeying God and giving into the temptation of the serpent?
God confused the languages of the people at the _____________________ of ____________________ , and as a result they began dispersing across the earth.
Which one of Jacob's sons was sold into Egyptian slavery by his brothers, lived an obedient life, and was blessed by God as a result?
What does "Genesis" mean?
Identify two themes found in the book of Genesis.
God is the creator of all things.
Despite man's sin, God still shows grace and mercy by initiating His plan of redemption.
We should pay close attention to the first eleven chapters of the book of Genesis, because at least five key questions that most humans have are answered within the eleven chapters. What are these five questions?
Where did all the different people groups and languages come from?
Why is there so much evil in the world?
Where did animals come from?
Where did humans come from and what is their purpose?
Where did the universe come from?
In which verse does God initiate His plan of redemption, by promising to send One who would overcome sin and Satan?
God is on a ________________________ to _________________ His creation. Just as He called people in Genesis to join in on that _____________________ , He continues to call believers today.
In the Garden of Eden, God gave Adam and Eve the _______ to follow Him; He gives people the same _______ today. (Note: the same word fills both blanks.)
Which one of the twelve tribes of Israel did Jesus eventually come from?
When Noah got off the ark, what is the first thing he did? (Genesis 8)
Built an altar to the Lord (worshiped God).
What promise did God make to Abram (Abraham) in Genesis 15?
That his descendants would be as numerable as the stars in the sky.
What is the main event that takes place in Genesis 19?
God destroys Sodom and Gomorrah (He rescues Lot and his family).
In 50-100 words, explain how the story of Abraham, taking his son Isaac to be sacrificed, foreshadows God sending His Son to be sacrificed on the cross for the sins of the world. (Genesis 22)
Genesis 22 talks a lot about how God will provide for you no matter what. Abraham was willing to sacrifice his son and God provided him with a lamb instead. Abraham was willing to sacrifice his son and because he proved he feared God he didn't have to. In the near future however God one and only son would be sacrificed to save all of us from our sins. That is God, yet again, providing for us. Abraham had to sacrifice his son, which foreshadows the inevitable future of jesus coming down to earth and being sacrificed for us.
Which son is blessed by Isaac in Genesis 27?
What does "Leviticus" mean?
pertaining to Levites/priests
How could Leviticus be summarized into one sentence?
God is holy and He desires for His people to live holy lives.
Leviticus 11:45 - "For I am the ____________ who brought you up out of the land of _______________ to be your ________________ . You shall therefore be ______________ , for I am holy."
Choose three references to Jesus (pictures of Christ) in Leviticus from the list below.
Jesus is the Great High Priest.
Jesus is the fulfillment of the Law.
Jesus is the perfect sacrifice that makes all other sacrifices unnecessary.
What major event is found in Leviticus 16?
Day of Atonement
Why is it significant that Jesus is the Great High Priest?
Because of Jesus' death on the cross we can have direct access to God regardless of our location or the time of day.
In the book of Numbers, where do the Israelites wander for forty years as a result of their disobedience to God?
in the wilderness
"The Lord bless you and keep you; the Lord make his face to shine upon you and be gracious to you; the Lord lift up his countenance upon you and give you peace."
"...a star shall come out of Jacob, and a scepter shall rise out of Israel; it shall crush the forehead of Moab and break down all the sons of Sheth."
"The Lord is slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, forgiving iniquity and transgression, but he will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, to the third and the fourth generation."
In the book of Numbers, who was chosen to succeed Moses as the leader of the Israelites?
One of the key themes in Numbers is: God honors those who are __________________ and punishes those who are __________________
Of all the Israelites who were about to enter into the Promised Land, in the book of Numbers, who were the only two that God eventually allowed to enter into the Promised Land? (Note: These two men never complained to God, they were obedient to Him, and they placed their faith in Him continually.)
What does "Deuteronomy" mean?
In the book of Deuteronomy, the Israelites were about to enter the _______ _______.
Who are the two major people in the book of Deuteronomy?
"But from there you will seek the Lord your God and you will find him, if you search after him with all your heart and with all your soul."
"And the Lord your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your offspring, so that you will love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live."
"The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your brothers—it is to him you shall listen."
In Deuteronomy, God instructed Moses to retell the _____ to the Israelites, in order to prepare them to enter into the Promised Land.
Much like the Israelites looked forward to entering the ___________________________ Land and strived to follow God by keeping His commands, Christians today can look forward to the ________________________ coming of _____________________ and strive to follow God by keeping His commands.
In Genesis 28, what promises did God make to Jacob in his dream? (Choose three)
That he and his descendants would inherit land.
That his offspring would be like the dust of the earth.
That He (God) would never leave him.
Why did Joseph's brothers ultimately sell him to the Ishmaelites? (Genesis 37)
They were jealous of him.
What did Pharaoh do after Joseph interpreted his dreams for him? (Genesis 41)
Put Joseph in charge of his house.
How does the story of Joseph end? (Genesis 45; Genesis 50)
Joseph praises God for working all things in his life together for good. Joseph's family comes to live with him in Egypt.
How does God appear to Moses in Exodus 3? How does God describe Himself in this encounter with Moses?
Burning bush; "I am who I am."
Where does the title for the book of Joshua come from?
Joshua, Israel's second great leader
In the book of Joshua, ___________________ leads the _____________________ across the ___________________ River and into the Promised Land (Canaan), where ____________________________ gives them the land and divides it up among the tribes of __________________ .
What was the name of the person who hid the two men that Joshua sent to scope out the Promised Land?
Choose the five main people from the book of Joshua.
How did Joshua divide up the Promised Land?
Amongst the twelve tribes of Israel.
Identify three key themes found in the book of Joshua.
When God's people come together, in His name, they can accomplish great things.
God always keeps His promises.
God is the righteous judge.
The name "Joshua" comes from the Hebrew word yehoshua, which means what?
The Lord is salvation.
Much like the ___________________ were more than conquerors through _____________ , ______________ today are more than conquerors through __________________
God grants the Israelites victory when they _______ _______.
The Greek form of "Joshua" is _______.
Who is the author of Judges?
The cycle in the book of Judges is as follows: 1) Israel ____________________God and is oppressed; 2) Israel cries out to God and He sends a ___________________________ to deliver them; 3) Israel is delivered and experiences ________________________ ; 4) Israel disobeys God and is oppressed...and so the cycle continues.
"In those days when there was no ______________ in Israel, everyone did what was ________________ in his own eyes" (Judges 17:6).
_______ is God's final solution to the problem of sin, oppression, suffering, and evil.
The book of Judges shows Christians today, that even when they fall short of God's _____________________ standards, God still extends His mercy and grace when they ______________ upon His name.
God sent ten plagues upon Egypt because Pharaoh refused to free God's people from Egyptian slavery. What was the tenth plague? (Exodus 10-11)
Death of the firstborn
What does God give Moses in Exodus 20?
The Ten Commandments
What sin did the Israelites commit in Exodus 32?
They worshiped a golden calf rather than the one true God.
What were the two goats used for in Leviticus 16?
One was used as the substitute sacrifice; the other was used as the scapegoat.
What miracle does God perform in Exodus 14?
He divides the Red Sea so the Israelites can cross on dry ground.
Who is the author of Ruth?
What time period do the events in the book of Ruth take place?
period of judges
Who were two of Ruth's most well known descendants?
Who did Ruth marry?
The theme of _______ runs throughout the four chapters of Ruth; this theme is extremely important when we think of Jesus, the One who _______ us from our sinful state.
The fact that God chose to use Ruth, a _____________________ (in ancient times Moabites were pagans and enemies of God), shows Christians today that God can use anyone that strives to be ___________________ to Him.
Samuel most likely wrote the book of 1 Samuel, but he probably had help from at least two other people. What were the names of the two other people?
Nathan and Gad
Although ___________________________ had been their king for years, in the book of 1 Samuel, the _________________________ succumbed to the pressure of surrounding pagan nations and asked God for a ________________________ king to lead them.
Who was the first human king of Israel?
In the beginning, Saul served the nation of Israel _______________________ as their first king, but eventually he became exceedingly____________________ and __________________ .
Who succeeded Saul as the second king of Israel?
The reigns of Saul and David as king of Israel pale in comparison to Jesus' reign as... (hint: choose six answers)
King of righteousness
King of peace
King of Israel
King of kings
King of the Jews
How could the overarching message of 2 Samuel be summarized into one sentence?
God's chosen man (David) rules from God's chosen city (Jerusalem), where he experiences his fair share of triumphs and tragedies.
What were the two big mistakes that David made in 2 Samuel?
Affair with Bathsheba.
Murder of Uriah.
One of the main applications from 2 Samuel for Christians today is that God can use anyone, despite their _________________ , to carry out the _____________ ______________________ .
David's failures as king should point us to our need for the only perfect King - _______.
One of David's greatest successes in 2 Samuel was:
bringing the Ark of the Covenant back to Jerusalem.
Even though God had never failed to provide for the Israelites, what did they continually do? (Numbers 11)
Complained to God.
Did God allow Moses' generation to enter into the Promised Land? If so, why? If not, why? (Numbers 14)
No, because they were disobedient to God.
What was Moses' overarching message to the Israelites in Deuteronomy 4?
Be obedient to God.
What was Moses' overarching message to the Israelites in Deuteronomy 8?
Remember all that God has done for you.
According to Deuteronomy 28, God __________ those who are obedient and __________ those who are disobedient.
Jewish tradition credits the prophet _______ with writing 1 Kings.
1 Kings details the reign of king ____________________ and the division of the kingdom into the northern kingdom of _________________________ and the southern kingdom of _____________________________ .
Which king was responsible for building the temple in Jerusalem?
In 1 Kings 18, Elijah defeats the prophets of _______ on Mt. Carmel.
When the kingdom split into the northern kingdom and the southern kingdom following Solomon's death, who were the first kings of the newly formed kingdoms?
Rehoboam and Jeroboam
One of the key themes in 1 Kings is that when people turn away from God's authority and leadership, they are destined to _______.
One of the key themes in 1 Kings is: _____________________ is the Great _____________________
Throughout the Old Testament, what is the measure of success or downfall for a human king?
Throughout the Old Testament, when kings ____________________ God's covenant, they experience ____________________________ . On the other hand, when kings ___________________ God's covenant, they experience failure.
After the nation of Israel was divided into two separate kingdoms, how many of the nineteen northern kings followed the Lord?
After the nation of Israel was divided into two separate kingdoms, how many of the twenty southern kings followed the Lord?
In 1 and 2 Kings, as kings were disloyal to God's covenant, God would raise up prophets like _________________________ and _____________________ to accomplish His plan.
Where does the book title for 2 Kings come from?
period of kings (time period it describes)
According to Jewish tradition, who wrote 2 Kings?
In the book of 2 Kings, the northern kingdom of Israel is captured by the _______, whereas the southern kingdom of Judah is captured by the _______.
In 2 Kings, who was taken to heaven without ever dying?
The book of 2 Kings shows that when humans turn from God's authority and leadership, they are destined to _______.
Elijah and Elisha were _______ that God used to accomplish His purpose when kings were disloyal to His covenant.
In the book of 2 Kings, Jesus is the _______ _______ to come.
Who hides the Israelite spies in Joshua 2?
What happens in Joshua 6?
The walls of Jericho fall down and the Israelites capture the city.
What was the sin of Achan in Joshua 7?
He coveted, stole, and lied.
What choice does Joshua give the Israelites in Joshua 24?
You can serve the one true God or the false gods of the Amorites.
Who is called by God to be a judge over Israel in Judges 6?
According to Jewish tradition, who wrote the book of 1 Chronicles?
What is 1 Chronicles about?
Positive elements from the forty year reign of David as king.
One of the highlights of 1 Chronicles is David bringing the _______ of the _______ back to Jerusalem.
Who was Israel's king after David?
David's son, Solomon
What was the temple a symbol of in the Old Testament?
God's presence amongst His people
In 1 Chronicles, it is clear that God's expects _______ from His children.
Who wrote 2 Chronicles?
Choose three major events from the book of 2 Chronicles.
-Jerusalem is destroyed by the Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar.
-Solomon asks God for wisdom and he has the first temple built in Jerusalem.
-The nation of Israel is divided into two separate kingdoms (northern and southern kingdoms).
The book of 2 Chronicles focuses mainly on which kingdom?
Southern Kingdom of Judah
According to 2 Chronicles, how many of the Israelites' twelve tribes were in the Northern Kingdom of Israel?
According to 2 Chronicles, how many of the Israelites' twelve tribes were in the Southern Kingdom of Judah?
"If my people who are called by my name ____________________ themselves, and ___________________ and _______________________ my face and turn from their _____________________ ways, then I will hear from heaven and will _______________________ their sin and ____________________ their land" (2 Chronicles 7:14).
In the book of 2 Chronicles, the nation of Israel is _______ again.
One practical piece of advice when studying 2 Chronicles is:
Try to understand the perspective of the author (Ezra).
How many men were in Gideon's army when they defeated the Midianites in Judges 7?
Why did Samson lose his strength in Judges 16?
Delilah cut his hair
What was Ruth's relationship to Naomi? (Ruth 1)
Ruth was Naomi's daughter-in-law.
Who does the Lord call to be a prophet in 1 Samuel 3?
When anointing a new king of Israel, the Lord made a statement to Samuel that resonates throughout the entire Bible: "For the Lord sees not as man sees: man looks on the __________ __________, but the Lord looks on the __________." (1 Samuel 16)
outward appearance; heart
Who wrote the book of Ezra?
How many years of history do the books of Ezra and Nehemiah cover?
100 years total
What is the book of Ezra about?
Jews returning to Jerusalem after being released from exile.
In the book of Ezra, what was the name of the Persian Emperor that ordered the Jews to return to Jerusalem?
What is the key event in the book of Ezra, aside from the Jews being released from exile and returning to Jerusalem?
rebuilding of the temple
The book of Ezra shows individuals that _______ and _______ are at the heart of God's covenant with His people.
What are the two types of reform that take place in the book of Ezra?
The book of Nehemiah is named after Nehemiah, the one who is most well-known for:
Leading an effort to rebuild the walls around the city of Jerusalem.
How many days did it take Nehemiah and the Israelites, who had returned from exile, to rebuild the walls around the city of Jerusalem?
What was Nehemiah's position in Jerusalem, after the Jews were released from exile?
After the walls in Jerusalem had been rebuilt, a restored community was established, which was signified by the Israelites' ____________________ and ____________________ ___________________
According to Jewish and Christian tradition, who wrote the book of Nehemiah?
Nehemiah 6:3 - "And I sent messengers to them, saying, 'I am doing a _____________________ _____________________ and I cannot ____________________ _______________________ Why should the work stop while I leave it and come down to you?'"
The book of Nehemiah shows Christians that when God's people come together to _______ for Him, they can accomplish _______.
The book of Nehemiah shows Christians that ____________________ and _____________________ are at the heart of God's covenant with His people.
What do the walls, which Nehemiah rebuilt, around the city of Jerusalem symbolize for God's people?
There were two types of reform that are described in the book of Nehemiah: 1) physical reform; and 2) spiritual reform. What did the physical reform consist of?
Rebuilding the temple and walls in Jerusalem.
There were two types of reform that are described in the book of Nehemiah: 1) physical reform; and 2) spiritual reform. What did the spiritual reform consist of?
Repenting of sin and renewing the covenant.
How is God described in Psalm 23? In other words, what title is given to Him?
Although David killed Goliath with a slingshot in 1 Samuel 17, what was the real reason he was able to kill the giant?
God was with him.
"The heavens declare the __________ __________ __________." (Psalm 19)
glory of God
What did Jonathan warn David of in 1 Samuel 20?!
That Saul, his father, was trying to kill him (David).
There are three things that David mentions the Lord is to him in Psalm 27. What are these three things?
- My stronghold.
- My salvation.
- My light.
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