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ACE Inhibitors

-PRILS (Lisinopril)


ACEI (1st line for HF/HTN): angioedema, orthostatic hypotension, hypokalemia, dry cough
Labs: BUN & Creatinine


-ZOSINS (Prazosin)


Alpha (fight or flight): othostatic hypotension, dizziness

Angiotensin II-Receptor Blockers

-SARTANS (Losartan)


Angiotensin II Blocker: full effects may not be seen for 3-6 weeks, hyperkalemia, decreased renal function

Beta-Adrenergic Blockers

-LOLS (Metoprolol)


Beta-adrenergic blocker (fight or flight): bradycardia, hypotension, wheezing, GI complaints, fatigue, depression

Calcium Channel blockers



Calcium channel blocker: contraindicated in acute MI, hypotension, heart blocks; hypotension and bradycardia
Uses: HTN, HF, Arrhythmias, PAD

Centrally acting agent

Clonidine: IV, PO, ONLY transdermal patch for HTN; rebound hypertension, drowsiness


Loop diuretics (Bumex, Lasix): Give IV slowly, check potassium levels, I/O, daily weights


Thiazie (HCTZ, Diuril): HF/HTN

Coumadin Considerations

INR: 2.0-3.0 for DVT
2.5-3.5 for mechanical valve
Antidote: INR >3.5 -> Vitamin K

Heparin Considerations

PTT has to be elevated (25-39 secs normal)
Antidote: PTT>100 -> Protamine Sulfate

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