17 terms

Elements and Principles

STUDY
PLAY
shape
the two-dimensional structure of a given object
form
the three-dimensional structure of a given object
value
the degree of light and dark of an area
form shadow
a shadow on a given object which helps to reveal its form
shadow edge
the edge where a shadow meets a lighter value
reflected light
indirect light reflected from surface to surface
cast shadow
a shadow resulting from an object interfering with the light source
highlight
the area of lightest value on a given object
light source
the direct source and direction of light (determines most value relationships)
background
the area and space furthest from the viewer
foreground
the area and space closest to the viewer
contrast
the difference(s) between darks and lights in an image
composition
the arrangement of elements on a given surface
unity
undivided or unbroken completeness
positive space
the space within an object
negative space
the space around and between an object
study
a drawing, sketch or painting done in preparation for a finished piece