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studying for midterm


______ self-awareness is the ability that humans and animals have to differentiate themselves from their social and physical environment.


______ self-awareness is the ability to be the object of one's own attention, to be aware of one's state of mind, to realize that one is thinking and remembering.


_____ self-awareness is a unique human ability to develop a representation of oneself and communicate that representation to others through language

Unconscious incompetence, conscious incompetence, conscious competence, unconscious competence

People operate at one of four levels of self-awareness. What are the 4 levels?

Unconscious incompetence

________ _________ is the level at which we are unaware of our own incompetence. We don't know what we don't know.

Conscious incompetence

________ _________ is the level at which we become aware that we are not competent; we know what we don't know

Conscious competence

________ ________ is the level at which we are aware that we know or can do something but it has not yet become an integrated skill or habit.

Unconscious competence

______ _________ is the level at which skills become second nature


You can't convey the _____ of who you are to others.


___________ is your identity, your subjective description of who you think you are, how you see you as a person


___________ is your view of yourself in a particular situation or circumstance

attitude, beliefs, values

What are the 3 components of self-concept?


______ is a learned predisposition to respond to a person, object, or idea in a favorable or unfavorable way


_____ are the way in which you structure your understanding of reality--what is true and what is false.


_______ are enduring concepts of good and bad, right and wrong

material, social, spiritual

What are the 3 selves?

William James

Philosopher _____ _______ identified the 3 components of the self.


The ______ self is the element of self that is reflected in all of the tangible things you own.


Your ______ self is your concept of self as developed through your own personal social interactions with others.


Your ______ self consists of all your internal thoughts and introspections about your values and moral standards

Communication with others, association with groups, assumed roles, and self-labels

What are the 4 ways self-concept develops?

multidimensional and changing, involves responsiveness to others, develop in both past and present relationships, can be avowed and ascribed

What are the 4 characteristics of one's identity according to John Stewart? They are _______


An _______ identity is one your personally assign to yourself and act out


An _______ identity is assigned to you by others


We are ______ ________, which is the human ability to think about what we're doing while we're doing it.


___________ is our assessment of our value as a person, reflected in our perception of such things as our skills, abilities, talents, and appearance

self-concept; self-esteem

______ pertains to ones's enduring identity, while _________ pertains more to one's current state of mind or view of self


______ is the biological/physiological characteristics that make a person male or female


______ is a cultural construction that contains psychological characteristics but also includes your sex, you attitudes about appropriate roles and behavior for the sexes in society, and your sexual orientation

social comparison

A process called _____ ______, in which we measure ourselves against others, is one way we become more aware of ourselves and derive our sense of self-worth.

model trap

The _____ _____ is a continual cycle of viewing physically "perfect" models, hating them, then growing to like them, love them, followed by efforts to emulate them, failing those efforts, resenting them again, and REPEAT


_______________ are goals we set for ourselves about how we believe we ought to behave and what we ought to accomplish

self-fulfilling prophecy

A concept related to the creation of self-expectations is the _______ _________, the idea that what you believe about yourself often comes true because you expect it to.

positive self-talk; visualize; reframe; relationships; positive people; baggage

How to improve self-esteem: engage in ______ _______, ________, _______, develop honest ________, surround yourself with ______ _______, lose your _______.


__________ communication refers to how you take in information or stimuli in your environment and make sense out of it. It also involved communication within yourself.


_________ is a method of enhancing self-esteem in which one imagines oneself behaving a certain way.


The process of redefining events and experiences, of looking at something from a different POV is termed ________


_________ is the arousal of any of our senses

attention and selection, organization, interpretation

The 3 stages of the perception process are:

attention and selection

The stage of the perception process in which we decide what we want and what we don't want to hear/see is called ______ ____ _______


The stage of the perception process in which we convert information into convenient, understandable, and efficient patterns that allow us to make sense of what we have observed is called _________


The stage of the perception process in which we attach meaning to what is attended to, selected, and organized is called __________

Increase your awareness, avoid stereotypes, check your perceptions

What are the 3 ways you can improve your ability to form accurate perceptions?


________ are the generalizations we apply to persons because we perceive them to have attributes common to a particular group. They're limiting and impersonal.


_________ perception checking involves an intensification of your own perceptual abilities to seek additional information to either confirm or refute your interpretations of someone's behavior.


______ perception checking involves asking straight out whether your interpretations of a perception are correct.

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