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46 terms

Communications Chapter 2

studying for midterm
STUDY
PLAY
Subject
______ self-awareness is the ability that humans and animals have to differentiate themselves from their social and physical environment.
Object
______ self-awareness is the ability to be the object of one's own attention, to be aware of one's state of mind, to realize that one is thinking and remembering.
Symbolic
_____ self-awareness is a unique human ability to develop a representation of oneself and communicate that representation to others through language
Unconscious incompetence, conscious incompetence, conscious competence, unconscious competence
People operate at one of four levels of self-awareness. What are the 4 levels?
Unconscious incompetence
________ _________ is the level at which we are unaware of our own incompetence. We don't know what we don't know.
Conscious incompetence
________ _________ is the level at which we become aware that we are not competent; we know what we don't know
Conscious competence
________ ________ is the level at which we are aware that we know or can do something but it has not yet become an integrated skill or habit.
Unconscious competence
______ _________ is the level at which skills become second nature
totality
You can't convey the _____ of who you are to others.
self-concept
___________ is your identity, your subjective description of who you think you are, how you see you as a person
self-image
___________ is your view of yourself in a particular situation or circumstance
attitude, beliefs, values
What are the 3 components of self-concept?
Attitude
______ is a learned predisposition to respond to a person, object, or idea in a favorable or unfavorable way
Beliefs
_____ are the way in which you structure your understanding of reality--what is true and what is false.
Values
_______ are enduring concepts of good and bad, right and wrong
material, social, spiritual
What are the 3 selves?
William James
Philosopher _____ _______ identified the 3 components of the self.
material
The ______ self is the element of self that is reflected in all of the tangible things you own.
social
Your ______ self is your concept of self as developed through your own personal social interactions with others.
spiritual
Your ______ self consists of all your internal thoughts and introspections about your values and moral standards
Communication with others, association with groups, assumed roles, and self-labels
What are the 4 ways self-concept develops?
multidimensional and changing, involves responsiveness to others, develop in both past and present relationships, can be avowed and ascribed
What are the 4 characteristics of one's identity according to John Stewart? They are _______
avowed
An _______ identity is one your personally assign to yourself and act out
ascribed
An _______ identity is assigned to you by others
self-reflexive
We are ______ ________, which is the human ability to think about what we're doing while we're doing it.
self-esteem
___________ is our assessment of our value as a person, reflected in our perception of such things as our skills, abilities, talents, and appearance
self-concept; self-esteem
______ pertains to ones's enduring identity, while _________ pertains more to one's current state of mind or view of self
sex
______ is the biological/physiological characteristics that make a person male or female
gender
______ is a cultural construction that contains psychological characteristics but also includes your sex, you attitudes about appropriate roles and behavior for the sexes in society, and your sexual orientation
social comparison
A process called _____ ______, in which we measure ourselves against others, is one way we become more aware of ourselves and derive our sense of self-worth.
model trap
The _____ _____ is a continual cycle of viewing physically "perfect" models, hating them, then growing to like them, love them, followed by efforts to emulate them, failing those efforts, resenting them again, and REPEAT
self-expectations
_______________ are goals we set for ourselves about how we believe we ought to behave and what we ought to accomplish
self-fulfilling prophecy
A concept related to the creation of self-expectations is the _______ _________, the idea that what you believe about yourself often comes true because you expect it to.
positive self-talk; visualize; reframe; relationships; positive people; baggage
How to improve self-esteem: engage in ______ _______, ________, _______, develop honest ________, surround yourself with ______ _______, lose your _______.
intrapersonal
__________ communication refers to how you take in information or stimuli in your environment and make sense out of it. It also involved communication within yourself.
Visualization
_________ is a method of enhancing self-esteem in which one imagines oneself behaving a certain way.
reframing
The process of redefining events and experiences, of looking at something from a different POV is termed ________
Perception
_________ is the arousal of any of our senses
attention and selection, organization, interpretation
The 3 stages of the perception process are:
attention and selection
The stage of the perception process in which we decide what we want and what we don't want to hear/see is called ______ ____ _______
organization
The stage of the perception process in which we convert information into convenient, understandable, and efficient patterns that allow us to make sense of what we have observed is called _________
interpretation
The stage of the perception process in which we attach meaning to what is attended to, selected, and organized is called __________
Increase your awareness, avoid stereotypes, check your perceptions
What are the 3 ways you can improve your ability to form accurate perceptions?
Stereotypes
________ are the generalizations we apply to persons because we perceive them to have attributes common to a particular group. They're limiting and impersonal.
Indirect
_________ perception checking involves an intensification of your own perceptual abilities to seek additional information to either confirm or refute your interpretations of someone's behavior.
Direct
______ perception checking involves asking straight out whether your interpretations of a perception are correct.