Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, March 6 from 3–4 PM PST
Upgrade to remove ads
English Critical Reading Quiz
Terms in this set (22)
The art of persuasion through effective speaking and writing
What was the curriculum of the Sophists?
Defining parts of speech
Instruction on argumentation styles
What did the Sophists debate on?
Debate on any subject - confusing analogies, flowery metaphors, and clever wordplay
What are some impactful ideas and ways that Artiste influenced Rhetoric?
Critical of the misuse of rhetoric
Tool to help audiences see & understand the truth
Armed a citizen with weapons to refute those who misused rhetoric
Placed more emphasis on logical reasoning than emotion
Three means of persuasion - logos, pathos, & ethos
What does Aristotle's "The Art of Rhetoric" say?
"The faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion."
What are the three appeals?
Ethos, Logos, Pathos
What is Ethos?
Creditable speaker; Ethics and Values; who gives the speech
What is Pathos?
Emotion of the audience; Emotion and Humor; how it is written and spoken
What is Logos?
Reason and logic; What is in it and does it achieve its purpose
What was the impact of Cicero?
Wrote several texts - On Invention, On Oration, Topics Liberal education
What is the Institutio Oratoria - 5 Canons of Rhetoric?
What happened in the Medieval period?
Shift from Political to Religious Discourse Formation of Universities (France, Italy, & Europe)
What happened in the modern era?
Spread of democratic ideals - Europe & in American colonies
Shift back from religious to political discourse
Tool for Political philosophers and revolutionaries
Emergence of academic departments
20th century - Expansion of the study of rhetoric (photography, film, TV, etc.)
What are the 3 parts of argument analysis?
Reason, Conclusion, Assumption
What are the Ethos fallacies?
Appeals to false authority
Ad hominem (means "the man")
Stack the decks
What are the Pathos fallacies?
Overly Sentimental Appeals
Bandwagon (Ad popular)
What are the Logos fallacies?
Faulty Causality (post hoc, ergo propter hoc - Latin
for "after this, therefore because of this")
Begging the Question (assuming as true the very claim that is disputed)
Equivocation (half truths, or giving lies an honest appearance)
Tu Quoque (improperly turning an accusation back
on the accuser)
What is a Straw Man?
arguing against a position that no one is defending
What is a Red Herring?
saying something that distracts from the issue being argued
What is an assumption?
Something which is taken for granted, but not stated— something which is implicit rather than explicit. It is the fact that an assumption is unstated which distinguishes it from a reason. There may, or may not, be strong evidence for the truth of an assumption of an argument, and this is a
characteristic which it has in common with a reason.
Give 2 reasons why this quote is an assumption.
"One third of the population still smokes. Everyone must know that smoking causes lung cancer and heart disease. So, knowing the dangers of smoking is not sufficient to stop people from smoking"
One-third of the
population still smokes
Everyone must know that
smoking causes lung
cancer and heart disease.
Who is John Guillory and why did he write "On the Presumption of Knowing How to Read"?
He is a College Professor of English;
To propose a solution to the articulation problem
To critique teachers
To teach students how to read
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Research Terms - 1
English 145- Curiel Core Concept Exam
Argument/Persuasion unit vocabulary Words
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
BISC TEST 1
MIS/EXCEL CHAPTER 1,2,3,4 TEST
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Week 1: Group A Strep
psy exam 5 pt 6
MCAT Prep AAMC FL 3
Environmental Unit 2 Study guide