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Little Infection control diseases and disorders 2016
Terms in this set (51)
WEST NILE VIRUS
virus transmitted to humans by mosquitoes-- About 1 in 5 people who are infected will develop a fever with other symptoms. Less than 1% of infected people develop a serious, sometimes fatal, neurologic illness, may cause encephalitis in horses and humans
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
Virus that causes AIDS--Suppresses the immune system--No cure presently and no vaccine
Virus that can cause cold sores or genital sores depending on which strain is involved, A viral infection causing small painful blisters and inflammation, highly contagious
Virus that affects the liver-- Transmitted by blood serum and body secretions—NO Vaccine available for protection
Virus that affects the liver-- Transmitted by blood serum and body secretions--Vaccine available for protection
viral infection of your upper respiratory tract — your nose and throat.-- is usually harmless, although it may cause runny nose, sore throat and cough, watery eyes, sneezing and congestion --one of more than 100 viruses can cause it and signs and symptoms tend to vary greatly.
very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis --Women with this may notice itching, burning, redness or soreness of the genitals, discomfort with urination, or a thin discharge with an unusual smell that can be clear, white, yellowish, or greenish.
type of roundworm infection. --These worms are parasites that use your body as a host to mature from larvae or eggs to adult worms and reproduce. --Adult worms can be more than a foot (30 centimeters) long.
The bacteria causes a respiratory infection that usually attack the lungs, but can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain.Patients who are contagious are put in isolation rooms while in the hospital Staff must wear special masks such as N95 masks or hepa filter masks
skin growth caused by some types of the virus called the human papillomavirus (HPV).--The virus causes the top layer of skin to grow rapidly
sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can infect both men and women -causes bacterial infection in the genitals, rectum, and throat.--may have no symptoms at all - men may have a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis
serious bacterial infection usually affecting the mucous membranes of your nose and throat typically causes a sore throat, fever, swollen glands and weakness ---hallmark sign is a sheet of thick, gray material covering the back of your throat, which can block your airway, causing you to struggle for breath
serious bacterial disease that affects your nervous system, leading to painful muscle contractions, particularly of your jaw and neck muscles.-- commonly known as "lockjaw."
segmented worms that live in the intestines of some animals. - can be 50 feet long and live 20 years. -causes Weight loss and inadequate absorption of nutrients from food
respiratory disease caused by a virus.--The disease is also called rubeola.--normally grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs-- causes fever, runny nose, cough and a rash all over the body.
relatively rare infection that affects the delicate membranes -- called meninges that cover the brain and spinal cord. Can be bacterial, viral or fungal
rare viral disease that occurs mostly in central and western Africa --the signs and symptoms are like those of smallpox, but usually they are milder
rare but serious condition caused by toxins from bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. It can thrive and produce the toxin in environments with little oxygen, such as in canned food
rare but deadly virus that causes bleeding inside and outside the body.--As the virus spreads through the body, it damages the immune system and organs. -Ultimately, it causes levels of blood-clotting cells to drop. This leads to severe, uncontrollable bleeding
mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite --People often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness.
life-threatening illness acquired by eating food or drink beverages that have been handled by a person who is shedding Salmonella Typhi
is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus—serious form of pneumonia
is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system — your nose, throat and lungs. commonly called the flu
intestinal illness that's typically transmitted when someone eats or drinks something that's contaminated with a microscopic parasite or amoeba called (E. histolytica). The mild form of includes nausea, loose stools, weight loss, abdominal tenderness and occasional fever
inflammatory disease that can develop as a complication of inadequately treated strep throat or scarlet fever.
infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio cholera
highly pathogenic avian (bird) flu virus that has caused serious outbreaks in domestic poultry in parts of Asia and the Middle East.
highly contagious respiratory tract infection --In many people, it's marked by a severe hacking cough followed by a high-pitched intake of breath
Highly contagious bacterial disease spread primarily by sexual activity, including oral and anal sex. Occurs in three stages and causes "copper penny" sores on the palms of hands and soles of feet.
fungal infection that usually begins between the toes.
fungal infection of the skin --causes a scaly, crusted rash that may appear as round, red patches on the skin.
eggs of this worm are passed in the feces of an infected person. -- The larvae mature into a form that can penetrate the skin of humans. --infection is mainly acquired by walking barefoot on contaminated soil
contagious viral illness that in its most severe form causes paralysis and deformity, difficulty breathing and sometimes death
contagious disease that is caused by a virus --typically starts with a few days of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite, and is followed by swelling of salivary glands.
caused by the rickettsiae bacteria and transmitted by (flea, mite, tick) bites. --When arthropods bite a victim, they leave the rickettsaie bacteria behind.--Scratching the bite opens the skin to the bacteria, allowing them to enter the bloodstream. Within the blood stream, the bacteria grow and replicate. Common in concentration camps
caused by a small, thin, white roundworm called Enterobius vermicularis—female exits rectum at night and lays eggs which causes itching—use tape test to identify
bacterial throat infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy
an infection of the mouth caused by the candida fungus, also known as yeast.--Candida infection is not limited to the mouth; it can occur in other parts of the body as well, causing diaper rash in infants or vaginal yeast infections in women. Sometimes has a cottage cheese appearance
an infection in one or both of the lungs --Many germs, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi can cause mucus to build up in lungs.
URINARY TRACK INFECTION
an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra --Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra.
an infection caused by breathing in spores of a fungus often found in bird and bat droppings.
African Sleeping Sickness
also known as "sleeping sickness," is caused by microscopic parasites of the species Trypanosoma brucei. It is transmitted by the tsetse fly (Glossina species), which is found only in rural Africa.
a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV).--causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever.
ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER
a tickborne disease caused by the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii.--Typical symptoms include: fever, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, and muscle pain. --A rash may also develop, but is often absent in the first few days, and in some patients, never develops --can be a severe or even fatal illness if not treated in the first 5 days of symptoms
Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus -MRSA
a contagious and antibiotic-resistant staph bacteria that leads to potentially dangerous infection.
skin infection that starts in a hair follicle or oil gland- caused by a germ (staphylococcal bacteria)
Toxic shock syndrome is a rare, life-threatening complication of certain types of bacterial infections.
Often toxic shock syndrome results from toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria,
but the condition may also be caused by toxins produced by group A streptococcus (strep) bacteria. Toxic shock syndrome historically has been associated primarily with the use of superabsorbent tampons
Rare but severe hemorrhagic fever which affects both humans and non-human primates.
Marburg HF is caused by Marburg virus, a genetically unique zoonotic (or, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family. No drug has been approved to treat
usually caused by a naturally occurring fungus called Candida albicans
Yeast infections usually are treated with an antifungal cream or suppository, such as miconazole (Monistat), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin) or tioconazole (Vagistat
Trichinosis is a disease caused by parasitic roundworms (nematodes) that can infect and damage body tissues
the initial phase: abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, and nausea that begins one to two days after ingestion
second phase: muscle aches, itching, fever, chills, and joint pains can be "splinter" hemorrhages under fingernails and eye inflammation (conjunctivitis
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