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Great Britain's decision to not interfere in her colony's affairs and allow them to set up their own colonial governments
French and Indian War
conflict fought in America between French and English, also known as the Seven Year's War in Europe
Proclamation Act of 1763
Act passed by England prohibiting colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
Stamp Act of 1765
Law placing a tax on all printed material in the colonies, including, but not limited to, stamps, legal documents, newspapers, playing cards, etc (with date)
Sugar Act of 1764
Law that modified the 1733 Molasses Act thus reducing the amount of taxes collected on molasses and sugar, but increasing the measures to enforce the Act (with date)
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization formed after the passage of the Stamp Act to protest various British acts; organization used poth peaceful and violent means of protest
Declaratory Act of 1766
this Act repealed the Stamp Act, but stated that Great Britain can rule the colonies anyway she sees fit (with date)
Tea Act of 1773
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party (with date)
a riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the resentment of Boston colonists toward British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops fired on the mob and killed several persons.
Committee of Correspondence
colonial organization organized in 1770 to spread news of Great Britain's actions and acts throughout the colonies
First Continental Congress
Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
Second Continental Congress
met in 1776 organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Coercive Act of 1774
Act passed as a result of the Boston Tea Party (official British name with date)
Part of the Intolerable Act where port of Boston was closed until colonist paid for destroyed tea
Administration of Justice Act
Part of the Intolerable Act where royal officials of Massachusetts were tried in Britain or other colonies
Quebec Act of 1774
granted full religious freedom to French Roman Catholics and overrides claims to western lands (with date)
Lexington and Concord
event where British was sent to capture Adams and Hancock and to seize rebel military supply
Massachusetts delegate in the Stamp Act congress that quoted the phrase "No taxation without representation"
Inspired Thomas Jefferson in the belief that the government could only exist with the consent of the people
Richard Henry Lee
introduced a resolution in the second continental congress which was to establish a confederation of the states
Robert Livingston and Roger Sherman
Beside Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin, and John Adams, these two people also helped draft the declaration
colony that was not sure about agreeing to the declaration at first due to large amounts of loyalists
topic not included in the declaration of independence due to the northern and southern colonies
townshend acts of 1767
taxes on common items such as tea, lead, glass, and dyes. Great Britain now payed the governors and judges of Massachussets (with date)
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