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51 terms

Road to the American Revolution (new terms added)

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salutary neglect
Great Britain's decision to not interfere in her colony's affairs and allow them to set up their own colonial governments
French and Indian War
conflict fought in America between French and English, also known as the Seven Year's War in Europe
Albany Plan of Union
a plan for permanent unification amongst the colonies
Proclamation Act of 1763
Act passed by England prohibiting colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
Stamp Act of 1765
Law placing a tax on all printed material in the colonies, including, but not limited to, stamps, legal documents, newspapers, playing cards, etc (with date)
Sugar Act of 1764
Law that modified the 1733 Molasses Act thus reducing the amount of taxes collected on molasses and sugar, but increasing the measures to enforce the Act (with date)
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization formed after the passage of the Stamp Act to protest various British acts; organization used poth peaceful and violent means of protest
Declaratory Act of 1766
this Act repealed the Stamp Act, but stated that Great Britain can rule the colonies anyway she sees fit (with date)
Tea Act of 1773
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party (with date)
Boston Massacre
a riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the resentment of Boston colonists toward British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops fired on the mob and killed several persons.
Committee of Correspondence
colonial organization organized in 1770 to spread news of Great Britain's actions and acts throughout the colonies
Olive Branch Petition
final peace offer sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III
Loyalists
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
First Continental Congress
Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
Second Continental Congress
met in 1776 organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Thomas Hutchinson
lieutenant governor of the Massachusetts colony who upheld the stamp act
nonimportation agreements
promising not to buy or import British goods
Samuel Adams
leader of the sons of libery
Pontiac
chief of the Ottawa tribe
Neolin
Delaware prophet
George Grenville
replaced Pitt (first time)
Quartering Act of 1765
required colonists to house and fee British troops (with date)
John Hancock
President of the first continental congress
Boston Tea Party
event in response for Britain not taking back their 3 shiploads of tea
Coercive Act of 1774
Act passed as a result of the Boston Tea Party (official British name with date)
Port Bill
Part of the Intolerable Act where port of Boston was closed until colonist paid for destroyed tea
Government Act
Part of the Intolerable Act where Massachusetts Charter was revoked
Administration of Justice Act
Part of the Intolerable Act where royal officials of Massachusetts were tried in Britain or other colonies
Quebec Act of 1774
granted full religious freedom to French Roman Catholics and overrides claims to western lands (with date)
John Dickinson
Wrote Olive Branch Petition
Hessians
mercenaries sent in response to the Olive Branch Petition
the people
"king" in a free country according to Thomas Paine
Lord North
Prime minister in 1770
Crispus Attucks
African American shot in Boston Massacre
Captain Preston
Captain of the British soldiers in the Boston Massacre
Lexington and Concord
event where British was sent to capture Adams and Hancock and to seize rebel military supply
james otis
Massachusetts delegate in the Stamp Act congress that quoted the phrase "No taxation without representation"
Midnight ride
Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott were part of this event
Hugh Montgomery
British solider assaulted in the Boston Massacre
John Lock
Inspired Thomas Jefferson in the belief that the government could only exist with the consent of the people
Richard Henry Lee
introduced a resolution in the second continental congress which was to establish a confederation of the states
Robert Livingston and Roger Sherman
Beside Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin, and John Adams, these two people also helped draft the declaration
New York
colony that was not sure about agreeing to the declaration at first due to large amounts of loyalists
slavery
topic not included in the declaration of independence due to the northern and southern colonies
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense
Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
The unalienable rights
Patrick Henry
quoted "Give me liberty or give me death"
Declaration of Resolves
final resolution in the first continental congress
townshend acts of 1767
taxes on common items such as tea, lead, glass, and dyes. Great Britain now payed the governors and judges of Massachussets (with date)
Pontiac's rebellion
this rebellion started because colonists broke treaties with indians, encroached on their land, and treated them differently than the French